Tillamook, Oregon

The city of Tillamook /ˈtɪləmʊk/ is the county seat of Tillamook County, Oregon, United States. The city is located on the southeast end of Tillamook Bay on the Pacific Ocean. The population was 4,935 at the 2010 census.

Tillamook, Oregon
Aerial view of Tillamook
Aerial view of Tillamook
Nickname(s): 
Land of Many Waters; Land of Cheese, Trees, and Ocean Breeze
Motto(s): 
"Gateway to the Oregon Coast"
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°27′19″N 123°50′33″W / 45.45528°N 123.84250°W / 45.45528; -123.84250Coordinates: 45°27′19″N 123°50′33″W / 45.45528°N 123.84250°W / 45.45528; -123.84250
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyTillamook
Incorporated1891
Government
 • BodyCity Council
 • MayorSuzanne Weber
 • City ManagerPaul Wyntergreen
Area
 • City1.90 sq mi (4.93 km2)
 • Land1.90 sq mi (4.93 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
24 ft (7 m)
Population
 • City4,935
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
5,355
 • Density2,812.50/sq mi (1,085.65/km2)
 • Metro
400
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Pacific)
ZIP code
97141
Area code(s)503
FIPS code41-73700[2]
GNIS feature ID1151220[4]
Websitewww.tillamookor.gov

HistoryEdit

The city is named for the Tillamook people, a Native American tribe speaking a Salishan language who lived in this area until the early 19th century. Anthropologist Franz Boas identifies the Tillamook Native Americans as the southernmost branch of the Coast Salish peoples of the Pacific Northwest. This group was separated geographically from the northern branch by tribes of Chinookan peoples who occupied territory between them. The name Tillamook, he says, is of Chinook origin, and refers to the people of a locality known as Elim or Kelim. They spoke Tillamook, a combination of two dialects. Tillamook culture differed from that of the northern Coast Salish, Boas says, and might have been influenced by tribal cultures to the south, in what is now northern California.[5]

Captain Robert Gray first anchored in Tillamook Bay in 1788, marking the first recorded European landing on the Oregon coast. Settlers began arriving in the early 1850s, and Tillamook county was created by the Territorial legislature in 1853. In 1862, the town itself was laid out, and the first post office was opened in 1866. The town was voted to be the county seat in 1873, and Tillamook was officially incorporated as a city in 1891.[6]

During World War II, the United States Navy operated a blimp patrol station near the town at Naval Air Station Tillamook. The station was decommissioned in 1948, and the remaining facility now houses the Tillamook Air Museum.Tillamook had 4 tsunamis in 2004-2013

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.40 km2), all of it land.[7] The Tillamook area is also home to five rivers, the Tillamook, Trask, Wilson, Kilchis, and the Miami just north of the city.

ClimateEdit

Tillamook has a climate that lies between the cool-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb) and the oceanic climate (Cfb). The city has a mild and wet climate with very little seasonal temperature variation due to its proximity to the Pacific Ocean. From November through April, daytime high temperatures range from the high 40s to the high 50s with abundant rainfall - including more than 13 inches (330 mm) per month in November, December, and January. Snowfall is very rare, but winter floods are a common occurrence. Between April and October, the precipitation in Tillamook is comparatively lighter than other coastal cities, but still remains much wetter than the population centers in the Willamette Valley. Tillamook's annual precipitation averages about 88 inches (2,200 mm) compared to only 36 inches (910 mm) in Portland. Summers in Tillamook are brief and mild with average daytime temperatures in the upper 60s, although daytime temperatures can occasionally soar into the 80s and 90s for days at a time. Summer is by far the driest season in Tillamook with only 1.35 inches (34 mm) and 1.33 inches of rain falling in July and August, respectively.

Climate data for Tillamook, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 51.2
(10.7)
53.3
(11.8)
55.2
(12.9)
57.7
(14.3)
61.2
(16.2)
64.4
(18.0)
67.5
(19.7)
68.7
(20.4)
68.3
(20.2)
62.2
(16.8)
54.8
(12.7)
50.1
(10.1)
59.6
(15.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 44.3
(6.8)
45.0
(7.2)
46.7
(8.2)
48.8
(9.3)
52.5
(11.4)
56.0
(13.3)
58.8
(14.9)
59.3
(15.2)
57.4
(14.1)
52.4
(11.3)
47.2
(8.4)
43.2
(6.2)
51.0
(10.5)
Average low °F (°C) 37.4
(3.0)
36.8
(2.7)
38.1
(3.4)
40.0
(4.4)
43.7
(6.5)
47.6
(8.7)
50.1
(10.1)
50.0
(10.0)
46.5
(8.1)
42.7
(5.9)
39.6
(4.2)
36.2
(2.3)
42.4
(5.8)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 13.52
(343)
9.69
(246)
9.74
(247)
7.12
(181)
4.77
(121)
3.57
(91)
1.35
(34)
1.33
(34)
3.00
(76)
6.93
(176)
13.84
(352)
13.08
(332)
5.79
(147)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in.) 22.8 18.3 21.7 18.7 15.9 12.3 7.0 6.5 9.8 16.0 22.7 22.0 193.8
Source: NOAA [8]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900834
19101,35262.1%
19201,96445.3%
19302,54929.8%
19402,7517.9%
19503,68534.0%
19604,24415.2%
19703,968−6.5%
19803,9810.3%
19904,0010.5%
20004,3568.9%
20104,93513.3%
2019 (est.)5,355[3]8.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,935 people, 2,037 households, and 1,192 families living in the city. The population density was 2,902.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,120.8/km2). There were 2,248 housing units at an average density of 1,322.4 per square mile (510.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.5% White, 0.2% African American, 1.5% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.8% Pacific Islander, 6.9% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.2% of the population.[2]

There were 2,037 households, of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.5% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.11.[2]

The median age in the city was 33.7 years. 27% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.2% were from 25 to 44; 23% were from 45 to 64; and 14% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.[2]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,352 people, 1,758 households, and 1,105 families living in the city. The population density was 2,818.8 people per square mile (1,091.1/km2). There were 1,898 housing units at an average density of 1,229.3 per square mile (475.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.56% White, 0.16% African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 3.42% from other races, and 1.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.12% of the population.[2]

There were 1,758 households, out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.08.[2]

In the city, the population dispersal was 29.2% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.[2]

The median income for a household in the city was $29,875, and the median income for a family was $36,351. Males had a median income of $28,458 versus $20,801 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,160. About 11.8% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.[2]

EconomyEdit

Historically, the Tillamook economy has been based primarily on dairy farms. The farmland surrounding the city is used for grazing the milk cattle that supply the Tillamook County Creamery Association's production of cheese, particularly cheddar, gourmet ice cream and yogurt, and other dairy products. Approximately one million people visit the cheese factory (located north of Tillamook on Highway 101) each year.[10]

The lumber industry also is experiencing a comeback from the replanting that followed the Tillamook Burn forest fires of the mid-20th century. Burned remains of some of the trees can still be found in the forests surrounding Tillamook.

Tillamook also serves tourists on their way to the ocean beaches and as a location for second homes.

Arts and cultureEdit

Museums and other points of interestEdit

 
Tillamook Creamery and Museum
 
Inside the Tillamook Cheese Factory
 
Tillamook plant small cheese block processing lines

The Tillamook Air Museum, which features over 15 aircraft, an Exhibit Hall with rare wartime and aviation-themed artifacts, is located just south of the city. It is housed in a wooden WWII blimp hangar that was once a part of Naval Air Station Tillamook. In 1991, illusionist David Copperfield filmed a train car disappearance illusion for a TV special in Hangar B.[11] Its sister hangar (Hangar A) was destroyed by a fire in 1992. The hangars were built with old-growth trees and one can see the huge seamless beams inside the buildings.

The Tillamook Cheese Factory is the Tillamook County Creamery Association's original cheese production facility. The Tillamook Cheese Factory also serves as a Visitor Center and hosts over 1 million tourists each year. Visitors can learn about the cheese-making process, cheese-packaging process, and the ice cream-making process from a viewing gallery over the main production floor. Tours are self-guided and self-paced, and are augmented by video presentations and interactive kiosks.[12] Tours inside the actual cheese-processing area of the plant were discontinued in 1967 due to health and safety regulations.[13]

The Tillamook County Fair is world-famous for the annual Pig-N-Ford race where contestants have to catch a pig and race stripped Model T Fords around an oval track with the pig under one arm.

EducationEdit

Tillamook is served by the Tillamook School District. The city is home to seven schools and one college. Tillamook High School, Tillamook Junior High School, Wilson River School (Alternate Education), Trask River High School, East Elementary School, South Prairie Elementary School, Liberty Elementary School, and it contains the Tillamook Bay Community College.

MediaEdit

Tillamook's weekly newspaper is the Headlight-Herald. The city has three radio stations. KTIL-FM is a local radio station playing country. With a unique morning show and an interview section from 9:30–10:00 titled "Tillamook Today", which interviews local officials, business owners, and other individuals discussing what is currently going on within the county.[14] KTIL (AM) broadcasts oldies. Originally, it operated as a talk radio station. In addition to the oldies, sporting events are broadcast.[15] KDEP-FM used to broadcast classic rock, but has since transitioned to modern music.[16] Several media personalities got their starts on KTIL. The most notable was nationally syndicated conservative talk host Lars Larson, who received his first job at the age of 16 on the station.[17]

TransportationEdit

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 26, 2020. Cite error: The named reference "USCensusEst2019CenPopScriptOnlyDirtyFixDoNotUse" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ Boas, Franz (1898). "Traditions of the Tillamook Indians". The Journal of American Folklore. 11 (40): 23–38. doi:10.2307/533608. JSTOR 533608.
  6. ^ https://tillamookor.gov/tillamook-history/
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-21.
  8. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-07-20.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Oregon Travel News" (PDF). Oregon Tourism Commission. March 2003. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 14, 2006. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
  11. ^ Rice, Phyllis. "Hangar B History". Tillamook County Pioneer.
  12. ^ Catherine Crawford. "Savoring Tillamook's Cheese and Coastal Beauty". 52perfectdays.com.
  13. ^ Tillamook. "Error Page". Archived from the original on 2011-01-18.
  14. ^ "KTIL 95.9fm - Tillamook Radio – KTIL 95.9fm – KDEP 105.5fm – KTIL 1590am".
  15. ^ "Tillamook Radio – KTIL 95.9fm – KDEP 105.5fm – KTIL 1590am".
  16. ^ "KDEP 105.5fm - Tillamook Radio – KTIL 95.9fm – KDEP 105.5fm – KTIL 1590am".
  17. ^ "About - Lars Larson".
  18. ^ "About Lars". LarsLarson.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  19. ^ "Biography". Bridget Marquardt Blog. BridgetMarquardt .com. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  20. ^ Ho, Sally (July 13, 2008). "Babies stole the show at county fair". Statesman Journal. Salem, Oregon. p. C1. Actor Jacob Young served as the sole male judge, among five female judges. After the contest, Young spoke to a crowd of 100 about growing up in the Northwest in Tillamook, and playing J.R. Chandler on the soap opera All My Children.

External linksEdit