Thomas Townshend (MP)

The Honourable Thomas Townshend (2 June 1701 – 21 May 1780), of Frognal House, Kent, was a British Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons for 52 years from 1722 to 1774.

Townshend was the second son of Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, and his first wife the Hon. Elizabeth Pelham.[1] He was educated at Eton in 1718, and was admitted at King's College, Cambridge and Lincoln's Inn in 1720.[2]

Townshend was returned as Whig Member of Parliament for Winchelsea at the 1722 British general election and was appointed under-secretary of state to his father in 1724. At the 1727 British general election, he was returned for both Hastings and Cambridge University and chose to represent Cambridge. He was appointed Teller of the Exchequer in 1727 and held the post for the rest of his life. In 1730 his father went out of office and Townshend lost his position as under-secretary. He was returned unopposed for Cambridge University at the 1734 British general election and was appointed secretary to the Duke of Devonshire, the lord lieutenant of Ireland in 1739. He was returned unopposed in 1741 and 1747.[3]

Townshend was returned as MP for Cambridge University in 1754, 1761 and 1768. He was a regular attender in Parliament and made occasional speeches.[4]

Frognal House in the 1800s

Townshend married Albinia Selwyn, daughter of John Selwyn, in 1730.[3] Albinia died in 1739. In 1752 Townshend bought Frognal House, near Sidcup in Kent. He survived his wife by over 40 years and died in May 1780, aged 78. Their son Thomas became a prominent politician and was created Viscount Sydney in 1789. Townshend had brothers Charles, William and Roger, and nephews George, Charles and Charles Townshend, 1st Baron Bayning.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). "Townshend, Charles (1674-1738)" . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 57. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  2. ^ "Townshend, Thomas (TWNT720T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ a b "TOWNSHEND, Hon. Thomas (1701-80), of Frognal, Kent". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  4. ^ "TOWNSHEND, Hon. Thomas (1701-80), of Frognal, Kent". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 22 February 2019.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Winchelsea
17221727
With: Robert Bristow
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Hastings
1727–1728
With: Sir William Ashburnham
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Cambridge University
17271774
With: Edward Finch 1727–1768
Charles Yorke 1768–1770
William de Grey 1770–1771
Richard Croftes 1771–1774
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Teller of the Exchequer
1727–1766
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Secretary for Ireland
1739
Succeeded by