Thomas Howard, 3rd Earl of Effingham
Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Howard, 3rd Earl of Effingham, PC (13 January 1746 – 19 November 1791), styled Lord Howard until 1763, was a British nobleman and Army officer, the son of Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Effingham, and his wife Elizabeth.
|Earl of Effingham|
|Born||13 January 1746|
|Died||19 November 1791(aged 45)|
|Noble family||House of Howard-Effingham|
|Father||Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Effingham|
He is best known for resigning his commission in protest against the war against the American colonies. This widely reported act was commemorated by the American colonists in the naming of a galley in 1775, and later the frigate USS Effingham in 1777, as well as in the naming of Effingham, New Hampshire, Effingham County, Georgia, and Effingham County, Illinois.
He died at the age of 45, while serving as Governor of Jamaica, a month and five days after his wife, leaving no heir. His title passed to his brother Richard.
During the events leading up to the American Revolution, the Earl was neither a Patriot or a Loyalist, he was a Neutralist; he was not on either side. The Earl of Effingham disliked both sides: the royal government for taxing, and the colonists for rebelling. Howard believed that the conflicts had a negative impact on Great Britain and the colonies. He was devoted to his King and country, and was willing to lose his life while protecting the realm from attack.
- "The Lords Effingham and the American colonies:, 1976, Hilda Engbring Feldhake.
- "THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, INCLUDING ALSO THE BEAUTIES OF AMERICAN HISTORY" Archived 2012-04-29 at the Wayback Machine.
| Governor of Jamaica
The Earl of Scarbrough
| Deputy Earl Marshal
Earl of Surrey
| Treasurer of the Household
Charles Francis Greville
Hon. Charles Cadogan
| Master of the Mint
The Earl of Chesterfield
|Peerage of England|
| Earl of Effingham