Sir Thomas Brock

Sir Thomas Brock KCB RA (Worcester 1 March 1847 – 22 August 1922 London[1]) was an English sculptor, and medallist, whose works include the monument to Queen Victoria in front of Buckingham Palace.


Brock was born in Worcester, attended the School of Design there and then undertook an apprenticeship in modelling at the Worcester Royal Porcelain Works. In 1866 he became a pupil of the sculptor John Henry Foley. After Foley's death in 1874, Brock finished some of his commissions. It was his completion of Foley's statue of Prince Albert for the Albert Memorial which first brought Brock to prominence.

Thomas Brock in his studio, 1889.

His group The Moment of Peril (now in the garden of Leighton House) was followed by The Genius of Poetry, at the Carlsberg Brewery in Copenhagen, Eve (1898),[2] and other imaginative works that mark his development. His portrait works include busts, such as those of Lord Leighton and Queen Victoria, statues, such as Sir Richard Owen and Henry Philpott, bishop of Worcester, and sepulchral monuments such as Lord Leighton (d.1896) in St Paul's Cathedral.

In 1901 Brock was asked to make a colossal equestrian statue of Edward the Black Prince for Leeds City Square, and was also given perhaps his most significant commission, the vast multi-figure Imperial Memorial to Queen Victoria to be set up in front of Buckingham Palace. He had previously made statues of the queen to celebrate her golden and diamond jubilees, and designed the depiction of her "veiled" or "widowed" head, used on all gold, silver and bronze coinage between 1893 and 1901.[3] According to legend, at the unveiling of the memorial in May 1911, George V was so moved by the excellence of the memorial that he called for a sword and knighted Brock on the spot.

Brock was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1883 and full member in 1891.


He married in 1869, and had eight children. His youngest son was the painter (Charles) Edmond Brock.[4]


George V and Queen Mary with Sir Thomas Brock in the Thames Ditton Foundry of A.B. Burton
The Imperial Memorial to Queen Victoria in front of Buckingham Palace
View of the Black Prince statue within Leeds City Square. Designed by Sir Thomas Brock in 1901.



  • Beattie, Susan. The New Sculpture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.
  • British Sculpture, 1850–1914. Exhibition catalogue, The Fine Art Society, 148 New Bond Street London Wl. 30 September – 30 October 1968.
  • Brock, Frederick (2012). Sankey, John (ed.). Thomas Brock: forgotten sculptor of the Victoria Memorial. Bloomington, Ind.: AuthorHouse. ISBN 9781467883344.
  • Byron, Arthur. London Statues. London: Constable, 1921.
  • Getsy, David. Body Doubles: Sculpture in Britain, 1877–1905. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.
  • Read, Benedict. Victorian Sculpture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.
  • Return of Outdoor Memorials in London, London County Council, 1910
  • Sankey, John Anthony (2002). Thomas Brock and the Critics – An Examination of Brock's Place in the New Sculpture Movement. PhD Thesis: University of Leeds.
  • Stocker, Mark. "Brock, Sir Thomas (1847–1922)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32080. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)


  1. ^ "Sir Thomas Brock British sculptor". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  2. ^ A plaster model for Eve was shown at the Royal Academy in 1898; a marble version (1900) is in the collection of the Tate and Brock also some smaller bronze replicas. See "Sir Thomas Brock: Eve, 1900". Tate. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Artist of the Month". Royal Academy of Arts Collections. September 2009. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  4. ^ "Artist in focus: Edmond Brock | Art UK". Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  5. ^ The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 p207
  6. ^ Kidderminster Since 1800, Ken Tomkinson and George Hall, 1975 p209-210
  7. ^ Return of Outdoor Memorials in London 1910, p.42
  8. ^ The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 p208
  9. ^ "Sir Rowland Hill (1795-1879)". Thomas Brock. 20 August 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2018.
  10. ^ Return of Outdoor Memorials in London 1910, p.24
  11. ^ The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1968 p312
  12. ^ "Queen Victoria Monument, Carlisle". History and Heritage. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Sir Thomas Brock: Sir John Everett Millais 1904". Tate. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  14. ^ "Statue of Queen Victoria | Yale Center For British Art". Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  15. ^ Iyer, Meera (4 February 2013). "Empress of all she surveys" (Bangalore). Deccan Herald. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  16. ^ "Royalty and Australian Society Chapter 2: King Edward VII". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  17. ^ Wencer, David. "Historicist: Here Comes the Equestrian Statue". Torontoist. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  18. ^ "The Mall, London". The Captain Cook Society (CCS). Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  19. ^ Public sculpture of Warwickshire, Coventry and Solihull by George Thomas Noszlopy, page 28–29
  20. ^ Harris, Oliver D. (2018). "A crusading 'captain in khaki': Sir Thomas Brock's monument to Charles Grant Seely at Gatcombe (Isle of Wight)". Church Monuments. 33: 97–120.

External linksEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Brock, Thomas". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Preceded by
Joseph Edgar Boehm
Coins of the pound sterling
Obverse sculptor

Succeeded by
George William de Saulles