Thomas Ball (June 3, 1819 – December 11, 1911) was an American sculptor and musician. His work has had a marked influence on monumental art in the United States, especially in New England.

Thomas Ball
Born(1819-06-03)June 3, 1819
DiedDecember 11, 1911(1911-12-11) (aged 92)
Known forSculpture

Life edit

He was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, to Thomas Ball, a house and sign painter, and Elizabeth Wyer Hall. His father died when he was twelve.[1] After several odd jobs to help support his family, he spent three years working at the New England Museum, the precursor to the Boston Museum.[2] There, he entertained the visitors by drawing portraits, playing the violin, singing, and repairing mechanical toys. He then became an apprentice for the museum wood-carver Abel Brown. He taught himself oil painting by copying prints and casts in the studio of the museum superintendent.[3]

His earliest work was a bust of Jenny Lind, whom he saw on her 1850 tour of the United States. Copies of his Lind work and his bust of Daniel Webster sold widely before being widely copied by others.[4][5] His work includes many early cabinet busts of musicians.[3] His first statue of a figure was a two-foot high statue of Daniel Webster, on which he worked from photographs and engravings until he managed to see him pass his studio shortly before his death.[6] At thirty-five, in 1854, he travelled to Florence to study.[7]

Musician edit

Ball was an accomplished musician from his teenage years, working as a paid singer in Boston churches.[8] He performed as an unpaid soloist with the Handel and Haydn Society beginning in 1846 and with that organization, sang the title role in the first United States performance of Mendelssohn's Elijah,[4][9] and the baritone solos in Rossini's Moses in Egypt. On a visit to Boston years later, he performed the baritone role in Boston's first performance of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony with the Germania Orchestra on April 2, 1853.[10][11]

Painter edit

Daniel Webster (1868), Central Park, New York City.

As commissions started to come in, he moved from studio to studio until he settled in a studio in Tremont Row in Boston, where he remained for twelve years. There, he painted several religious pictures and a portrait of Cornelia Wells (Walter) Richards, editor of the Boston Evening Transcript. He then turned his attention back to sculpture.

Sculptor edit

Charles Sumner (1878), The Public Garden, Boston, Massachusetts.

He stayed in Boston until 1865 when he returned to Florence to stay there until 1897 as a member of an artistic colony that included Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Hiram Powers. Notables he met in Europe included Franz Liszt, whom he met at the Vatican in 1865 and of whom he produced a portrait bust.[4][7]

He made it a practice never to attend the unveiling of his public works. In Boston, he managed to avoid receiving the invitation to the ceremonial dedication of his statue of Governor John Albion Andrew. Instead, he saw the work later, viewing it from different angles. He later wrote: "It was a mean thing to do. I am ashamed of it now, but I could not bring myself to stand on that platform and face the multitude."[12]

Dartmouth College awarded him an honorary Master of Arts degree.[13] When he returned to America, he lived in Montclair, New Jersey, while keeping a studio in New York City.[3][9]

In 1880, Ball published an autobiographical volume, My Threescore Years, which he updated in 1890 as My Three Score Years and Ten.[14] He died at the Montclair home of his daughter, Eliza Chickering Ball, and son-in-law, sculptor William Couper.[9][15]

Selected works edit

George Washington (1864), The Public Garden, Boston, Massachusetts.
P. T. Barnum (1887), Seaside Park, Bridgeport, Connecticut.

Washington Monument edit

  • George Washington Monument (1883–1893), Methuen, Massachusetts.[26][27] This was Ball's most complex and ambitious work, consisting of a 15-foot bronze statue of Washington, four larger-than-life seated figures, four portrait busts, and four eagles flanked by flags, all displayed on a multi-tiered marble base. The monument was created at Ball's studio in Florence, Italy. His son-in-law, William Couper, assisted in modeling the figures. It was exhibited at the World's Columbian Exposition before being installed in Methuen, Massachusetts, and dedicated on February 22, 1900.
    • George Washington
    • Cincinnatus (seated figure of Washington)
    • Revolution (seated figure)
    • Oppression (seated figure)
    • Victory (seated figure)
    • Bust of the Marquis de LaFayette
    • Bust of General Henry Knox
    • Bust of General Nathaniel Greene
    • Bust of General Benjamin Lincoln
    • Four sets of Eagles and Flags

The monument was sold in 1958, disassembled, and moved to Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills, California.[28]

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ Ball, Threescore, 4–5, 25
  2. ^ Ball, Threescore, 40ff.
  3. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
  4. ^ a b c d H. Earle Johnson, Hallelujah, Amen!: The Story of the Handel and Haydn Society of Boston (Boston: Bruce Humphries, 1965), 64–6
  5. ^ Ball, Threescore, 130
  6. ^ Ball, Threescore, 136–8, 290
  7. ^ a b Ball, Threescore, 273–5
  8. ^ Ball, Threescore, 69–70, 237
  9. ^ a b c "Famous Sculptor Dead" (PDF). New York Times. December 12, 1911. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
  10. ^ Johnson, Hallelujah, 75
  11. ^ Ball, Threescore, 154
  12. ^ Ball, Threescore, 297
  13. ^ a b Ball, Threescore, 216
  14. ^ "Sculptor Ball's Autobiography" (PDF). New York Times. October 18, 1891. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
  15. ^ Ball, Threescore, 295
  16. ^ United States Senate: "Henry Clay". Retrieved August 25, 2012
  17. ^ Harding, Jonathan (1984). The Boston Athenaeum Collection: Pre-Twentieth Century American and European Painting and Sculpture. Northeastern University Press. p. 16.
  18. ^ "Ball's Statue of Edwin Forrest as Coriolanus" (PDF). New York Times. July 29, 1867. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  19. ^ John A. Andrew from Boston Public Library via Flickr.
  20. ^ General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts: Andrew, John Albion, accessed September 2, 2012
  21. ^ Ball, Threescore, 276–7, 378
  22. ^ Daniel Webster from PaintedBunting via Flickr.
  23. ^ Official Proceedings at the Dedication of the Statue of Daniel Webster at Concord, New Hampshire on the 17th Day of June 1886, (Manchester, NH: John B. Clarke, 1886), p. 9.[1]
  24. ^ "P.T. Barnum Monument, Bridgeport". CT Monuments. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
  25. ^ Ball, Threescore, 317
  26. ^ Washington Monument, Methuen, Massachusetts from CardCow.
  27. ^ Washington Monument from bigmikelakers via Flickr.
  28. ^ "Hollywood Hills: Court of Liberty where it sits to this day". Forest Lawn. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2012.

Sources edit

  • Taft, History of American Sculpture (New York, 1903)
  • Nash, Edwin G., "Ball, Thomas" in Dictionary of American Biography, vol. 1 (NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1928)
  • Thomas Ball, My Threescore Years And Ten: An Autobiography (Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1891)
  • Thomas Ball, My Fourscore Years (Los Angeles: Trecavalli Press, 1993)

External links edit

  • Thomas Ball at Smithsonian Institution Research Information System.