Thiruvaiyaru

Thiruvaiyaru (also spelled as Tiruvaiyaru or Tiruvayyaru) is a panchayat town in Thanjavur District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Thiruvaiyaru
திருவையாறு
Panchayat Town
The Kaveri River at Thiruvaiyaru
The Kaveri River at Thiruvaiyaru
Thiruvaiyaru is located in Tamil Nadu
Thiruvaiyaru
Thiruvaiyaru
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°53′N 79°06′E / 10.88°N 79.1°E / 10.88; 79.1Coordinates: 10°53′N 79°06′E / 10.88°N 79.1°E / 10.88; 79.1
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictThanjavur
RegionChola Nadu
Government
 • BodyTown Panchayat
Elevation
38 m (125 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total16,164
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

EtymologyEdit

Thiruvaiyaru means Five Rivers around the city. The Five Rivers are Vadavaar, Vennaar, Vettaar, Kudamurutti and Kaveri. On the highway from Thanjavur, you pass five bridges over the Vadavar, Vettar, Vennar, Kudamurutti and Kaveri, the five rivers from which Thiruvaiyaru gets its name (thiru = sacred; ai(ndhu) = five; aaru = river)

HistoryEdit

The vast temple in this town, known as "Dakshina Kailasam" (Southern abode of Siva), built in an area of approximately 60,000 square meters, has five prakaram (outer precincts used for religious purposes) and many 'mandapams' (great halls). Several inscriptions in the temple affiliates the temple to the Cholas, Pandyas, and other rulers. Karikala Chola, Rajaraja the Great, Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan, and Krishna Devarayar are associated with Thiruvaiyaru. The temple has two distinct divisions called 'Uttarakailasam' and 'Dakshinakailasam'. Uttarakailasam was built by Rajaraja Chola's chief queen Dantisaktivitanki alias Lokamahadevi in the late 10th century who also made several endowments.[1] It was called Lokamahadevi Isvaram Udaiyar Mahadevar after the queen herself.[2] She endowed several musical instruments during the time of Rajaraja while his daughter Gangamahadevi alias Arumoli Chandramalli gifted several fly-whisks to the presiding deity.[3] Dakshina kailasam was renovated by Rajendra Cholan's queen. The Tevaram trinity (Appar, Sambandar, and Sundarar) have composed more than 100 songs on the presiding deity of this temple town. The town is called as "Ai-aaru" (ஐயாறு), meaning five rivers, by them.[4]

GeographyEdit

Thiruvaiyaru is situated on the banks of the river Kaveri, 11 km (6.8 mi) from North of Thanjavur.

Thiruvaiyaru is located at 10°53′N 79°06′E / 10.88°N 79.1°E / 10.88; 79.1.[5] It has an average elevation of 38 metres (124 feet).

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

The Thiruvaiyaru Town Panchayat has population of 16,164 of which 7,895 are males while 8,269 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Thiruvaiyaru has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 70%. In Thiruvaiyaru, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Government and politicsEdit

Thiruvaiyaru is the headquarters of the Thiruvaiyaru taluk. Tiruvaiyaru assembly constituency is part of Thanjavur (Lok Sabha constituency).[6]

PoliceEdit

On the law and order front, Thiruvaiyaru has a Munsif court and police stations (including an all women police station) to tackle crime and other issues related to civic unrest.

EconomyEdit

Most of the shops and businesses include services for farmers from nearby villages. Other than services and retail, Important sectors that provide employment in the town are state government, health, primary education.

The town area is densely populated and lined up with a litany of retail shops ranging from small to medium. The main business areas are South street, Theradi (where the temple car is parked) and Odathurai street where the new revamped bus stand with retail shops is located. Thiruvaiyaru has a Government hospital and few (3+) 24/7 private hospitals as well.

Culture/CityscapeEdit

Tourist AttractionsEdit

Thiruvaiyaru has an old Siva temple dedicated to Aiyarappar or Panchanatheeswar.

Music and filmsEdit

Thiruvaiyaru is more renowned for its association with Saint Thyagaraja, who, along with Muthuswami Dikshitar and Shyama Sastri, comprised the Trinity of Carnatic music.

Thiruvaiyaru is known for its annual Thyagaraja Aradhana music festival. There are so many private music teachers and Bharathanatiyam teachers available in town. The only tertiary education provider in town, Tamilnadu Government Music College offers courses in music from Diploma through to Doctoral programs[7]

Famous personsEdit

Near the Shiva temple is the one-roomed house where Thyagaraja composed some of his greatest works. Thyagaraja was interred on the banks of the river Kaveri and it is called the revered Samadhi (burial place) of the saint composer and it is here that the greatest music festival in the country takes place annually. Nearby are the Samadhis (burial places) of some of the other saints like Shiva Prakasha Swamigal and Bangalore Nagaratnamma, who actually identified and rebuilt the Samadhi of Sri Tyagaraja.

The Thyagaraja Aradhana festival is held in the Bahula Panchami Thithi of Margazhi (Margashirsha)Tamil month which falls on December or January when most of the leading exponents of Carnatic music come to perform and are watched by thousands of ardent fans of classical music. A huge complex is built at this site to accommodate the large audience that come to the concert in ever increasing numbers every year.

TransportEdit

By AirEdit

The nearest airport to reach Thiruvaiyaru is at Thiruchirapalli, which is located at a distance of about 56 km.

By RailEdit

Nearest railway station is situated at Thanjavur (13km) and another railway station at Ariyalur (30km)[Trichy-Chennai line]

By RoadEdit

There is a direct bus service from Thanjavur, which lies at a distance of 11 km from Thiruvaiyaru. National Highway No.136 from Thanjavur connect Thiruvaiyaru, Ariyalur, Perambalur byepass and Aththur bypass. State roads to Kumbakonam at 37 km (23 mi) in the East and Kallanai 33 km in the West connect Thiruvaiyaru.

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

  • Amalraj Matriculation Higher Secondary School,
  • Srinivasarao Higher Secondary School
  • Balaganapathy Vidhya sala School
  • Government girls Higher Secondary School,
  • St.Joseph's High School,
  • Immaculate Matriculation School
  • Saraswathi Ambal Aided Primary School
  • Avvai primary school
  • Govt high school kandiyur

Adjacent communitiesEdit

  • Thanjavur - 11 km
  • Thirukkattupalli - 18 km
  • Kallanai - 33 km
  • Poondi Madha Kovil - 20 km
  • Ariyalur - 30 km
  • Thirumanur - 6 km
  • Kumbakonam -33 km
  • Kandiyur - 2 km
  • Mathur - 7 km
  • Chennai - 335 km

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ K. M. Venkataramaiah, International School of Dravidian Linguistics. A handbook of Tamil Nadu. International School of Dravidian Linguistics, 1996 - History - 544 pages. p. 360.
  2. ^ S. R. Balasubrahmanyam. Middle Chola Temples: Rajaraja I to Kulottunga I, A.D. 985-1070. Thomson Press (India), 1975 - Hindu temples - 424 pages. p. 89.
  3. ^ Archaeological Survey of India, India. Dept. of Archaeology. Annual Report on Indian Epigraphy for ... Manager of Publications, 1995. p. 7.
  4. ^ Tiruvaiyaru Panchanadeeswarar -Aiyaarappar Temple - Sivasthalam
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Thiruvaiyaru
  6. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2008.
  7. ^ Tamilnadu Government Music College - Thiruvaiyaru

External linksEdit

Places Names changed as per the Tamil Nadu State Government Gazette Notification No. 14 Dated 1 April 2020.