Thing of all Swedes
The Thing of all Swedes (allra Svía þing, Þing allra Svía, Disaþing, or Kyndilþing) was the governing assembly held from pre-historic times to the Middle Ages at Gamla Uppsala, Sweden, occurring at the end of February or early March in conjunction with a great fair and a religious celebration called Dísablót. The Law of Uppland informs that it was at this assembly that the king proclaimed that the leidang would be summoned for warfare during the summer, and all the crews, rowers, commanders and ships were decided.
The name suggests that it replaced an older division where each of the folklands Tiundaland, Attundaland and Fjärdhundraland had their own things. All free men living in the realm and who were able to wield a weapon had the right to participate, and the assembly was led by the lawspeaker.
|“||In Svithjod it was the old custom, as long as heathenism prevailed, that the chief sacrifice took place in Goe month at Upsala. Then sacrifice was offered for peace, and victory to the king; and thither came people from all parts of Svithjod. All the Things of the Swedes, also, were held there, and markets, and meetings for buying, which continued for a week: and after Christianity was introduced into Svithjod, the Things and fairs were held there as before. After Christianity had taken root in Svithjod, and the kings would no longer dwell in Upsala, the market-time was moved to Candlemas, and it has since continued so, and it lasts only three days. There is then the Swedish Thing also, and people from all quarters come there.||”|
References and footnotesEdit
- Ynglinga saga, in Old Norse.
- Anderson, Carl Edlund. (1999). Formation and Resolution of Ideological Contrast in the Early History of Scandinavia. Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge, Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse & Celtic (Faculty of English). p. 32. Archived 2007-03-07 at the Wayback Machine
- The article Distingen, in the encyclopedia Nationalencyklopedin.
- The article Disatinget, in the encyclopedia Nordisk familjebok.
- The article Landsting, at the official site of the Museum of National Antiquities, Sweden Archived 2006-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.
- The article Disablot, in the encyclopedia Nordisk familjebok.
- Söderberg, Werner. (1896). "Några studier rörande Disasagan", in Samlaren. p. 67.
- The article Snorres Ynglingasaga at the site of the Foteviken Museum, Sweden
- An obsolete name for Sweden, or more specifically the old territory which today is named Svealand. It meant literally "the Swedish people".
- The month of February.
- Saga of Olaf Haraldson, part II.