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The Vietnam War (TV series)

The Vietnam War is a 10-part American television documentary series about the Vietnam War written by Geoffrey C. Ward and directed by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick.[1][2][3] The first episode premiered on PBS on September 17, 2017. The script is by Geoffrey Ward, and the series is narrated by Peter Coyote.

The Vietnam War
The Vietnam War (TV series) title card.jpg
Genre Documentary
Written by Geoffrey C. Ward
Directed by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick
Narrated by Peter Coyote
Composer(s) Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of episodes 10
Production
Cinematography Buddy Squires
Editor(s) Tricia Reidy
Paul Barnes
Erik Ewers
Craig Mellish
Running time 1035 mins (17¼ hours)
Distributor Public Broadcasting Service
Release
Original network Public Broadcasting Service
Original release September 17 – September 28, 2017
External links
Website
Conversation with Ken Burns about the series (video by the LBJ Library).

Contents

ProductionEdit

The series cost around $30 million and took more than 10 years to make.[4] It was produced by Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, who had previously collaborated on The War (2007), Baseball: The Tenth Inning (2010), and Prohibition (2011). The production companies were WETA-TV in Washington, D.C., and Burns' Florentine Films.

The series features interviews with 79 witnesses, including many Americans who fought in the war or opposed it, as well as Vietnamese combatants and civilians from both the North and the South.[5] Burns deliberately avoided "historians or other expert talking heads" and "onscreen interviews with polarizing boldfaced names like John Kerry, John McCain, Henry Kissinger and Jane Fonda." Instead, interviews were intended to provide a ground-up view of the War from the perspective of everyday people who lived through it.[4] The third episode features an interview with retired UPI reporter Joseph L. Galloway, who was awarded a Bronze Star with "V" device for assisting with the wounded in the Battle of Ia Drang.[6] Others interviewed include Vincent Okamoto, and Tim O'Brien, author of The Things They Carried, a popular collection of linked short stories about the war.

The researchers for the film also accessed more than 24,000 photographs and examined 1,500 hours of archival footage.[4] Within the series' 17-and-a-quarter-hours, there are scenes covering 25 battles, ten of which are detailed scenes documenting and describing the action from multiple perspectives.[7]

EpisodesEdit

No. Episode Original air date Running time
1"Déjà Vu" (1858–1961)September 17, 2017 (2017-09-17)1 hour 22 minutes (PBS)/55 minutes (BBC)
After a long and brutal war, Vietnamese revolutionaries led by Ho Chi Minh end nearly a century of French colonial occupation. With the Cold War intensifying, Vietnam is divided in two at Geneva. Communists in the North aim to reunify the country, while America supports Ngo Dinh Diem's untested regime in the South.
2"Riding the Tiger" (1961–1963)September 18, 2017 (2017-09-18)1 hour 24 minutes (PBS)/55 minutes (BBC)
President Kennedy and his advisers wrestle with how deeply to get involved in South Vietnam. As the increasingly autocratic Diem regime faces a growing communist insurgency and widespread Buddhist protests, a grave political crisis unfolds.
3"The River Styx (PBS)/Hell Come To Earth (BBC)" (January 1964 – December 1965)September 19, 2017 (2017-09-19)1 hour 54 minutes (PBS)/55 minutes (BBC)
With South Vietnam in chaos, hardliners in Hanoi seize the initiative and send combat troops to the South, accelerating the insurgency. Fearing Saigon's collapse, President Johnson escalates America's military commitment, authorizing sustained bombing of the North and deploying ground troops in the South.
4"Resolve (PBS)/Doubt (BBC)" (January 1966 – June 1967)September 20, 2017 (2017-09-20)1 hour 54 minutes (PBS)/55 minutes (BBC)
Defying American airpower, North Vietnamese troops and materiel stream down the Ho Chi Minh Trail into the south, while Saigon struggles to 'pacify the countryside'. As an anti-war movement builds back home, hundreds of thousands of soldiers and marines discover that the war they are being asked to fight in Vietnam is nothing like their fathers' war.
5"This Is What We Do" (July 1967 – December 1967)September 21, 2017 (2017-09-21)1 hour 25 minutes (PBS)/55 minutes (BBC)
American casualties and enemy body counts mount as marines face deadly North Vietnamese ambushes and artillery south of the DMZ and army units chase an elusive enemy in the Central Highlands. Hanoi lays plans for a massive surprise offensive, and the Johnson administration reassures the American public that victory is in sight.
6"Things Fall Apart" (January 1968 – July 1968)September 24, 2017 (2017-09-24)1 hour 24 minutes (PBS)/55 minutes (BBC)
On the eve of the Tet holiday, North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launch surprise attacks on cities and military bases throughout the South (Tet Offensive), suffering devastating losses but casting grave doubt on promises from the Johnson administration that there is 'light at the end of the tunnel.' The president decides not to run again and the country is staggered by assassinations and unrest.
7"The Veneer of Civilization (PBS)/Chasing Ghosts (BBC)" (June 1968 – May 1969)September 25, 2017 (2017-09-25)1 hour 47 minutes (PBS)/55 minutes (BBC)
Public support for the war declines, and American men of draft age face difficult decisions and wrenching moral choices. After police battle with demonstrators on the streets of Chicago, Richard Nixon wins the presidency, promising law and order at home and peace overseas. In Vietnam, the war goes on and soldiers on all sides witness terrible savagery and unflinching courage.
8"The History of the World (PBS)/A Sea of Fire (BBC)" (April 1969 – May 1970)September 26, 2017 (2017-09-26)1 hour 49 minutes (PBS)/55 minutes (BBC)
With morale plummeting in Vietnam, President Nixon begins withdrawing American troops. As news breaks of an unthinkable massacre committed by American soldiers, the public debates the rectitude of the war, while an incursion into Cambodia reignites anti-war protests with tragic consequences.
9"A Disrespectful Loyalty (PBS)/Fratricide (BBC)" (May 1970 – March 1973)September 27, 2017 (2017-09-27)1 hour 49 minutes (PBS)/55 minutes (BBC)
South Vietnamese forces fighting on their own in Laos suffer a terrible defeat. Massive US airpower makes the difference in halting an unprecedented North Vietnamese offensive. After being re-elected in a landslide, Nixon announces that Hanoi has agreed to a peace deal. American prisoners of war will finally come home - to a bitterly divided country.
10"The Weight of Memory" (March 1973 – Onward)September 28, 2017 (2017-09-28)1 hour 47 minutes (PBS)/55 minutes (BBC)
While the Watergate scandal rivets Americans' attention and forces President Nixon to resign, the Vietnamese continue to savage one another in a brutal civil war. When hundreds of thousands of North Vietnamese troops pour into the South, Saigon descends rapidly into chaos and falls. For the next 40 years, Americans and Vietnamese from all sides search for healing and reconciliation.

IntervieweesEdit

  • Everett Alvarez, American navy pilot and POW from 1964 to 1973
  • Nguyen Nguyet Anh, North Vietnamese Army truck driver
  • Nancy Biberman, American anti-war activist
  • Anne Harrison Bowman, American military family member
  • Philip Brady, American military and NBC News correspondent
  • Nguyen Thoi Bung, National Liberation Front officer
  • Philip Caputo, Marine second lieutenant and journalist
  • Rion Causey, 101st Airborne Division medic
  • Tran Ngoc Chau, ARVN colonel and province chief of Kien Hoa, among other high-ranking roles
  • Le Van Cho, North Vietnamese Army
  • Max Cleland, First Cavalry officer
  • Le Quan Cong, Veteran of anti-French guerilla campaigns and National Liberation Front
  • Carol Crocker, Military family member
  • Jean-Marie Crocker, Military family member
  • Cao Xuan Dai, North Vietnamese Army
  • Bui Diem, South Vietnamese ambassador to the U.S., among other high-ranking roles
  • Huy Duc, Journalist
  • Bill Ehrhart, Marine
  • Duong Van Mai Elliot, Viet Cong researcher, author
  • Ron Ferrizzi, 1st Cavalry Division Helicopter Crew Chief
  • Joan Furey, Staff nurse at the 71st Evacuation Hospital in Pleiku
  • Joseph Galloway, Reporter for UPI
  • Robert Gard, Military aide to Robert McNamara, retired three-star U.S. Army general
  • Leslie Gelb, Defense Department analyst
  • James Gillam, Army sergeant
  • Phil Gioia, Army officer
  • Donald Gregg, CIA
  • Roger Harris, Marine in I Corps
  • Matt Harrison, U.S. Military
  • Victoria Harrison, Military family member
  • Mike Heaney, Platoon leader in the 1st Cavalry (Airmobile) Division
  • Stuart Herrington, Army intelligence officer
  • Nguyen Thi Hoa, Nation Liberation Front
  • Jan Howard, Country singer and military family member
  • Le Cong Huan, Viet Minh and National Liberation Front officer
  • Tran Ngoc "Harry" Hue, ARVN lieutenant colonel
  • Samuel Hynes, WWII veteran, Swarthmore College and Northwestern University English professor during the war
  • Le Minh Khue, Ho Chi Minh Trail repair worker, North Vietnamese Army journalist
  • Hal Kushner, Army flight surgeon, POW
  • Ho Huu Lan, North Vietnamese Army officer
  • John Laurence, CBS News correspondent
  • Pham Luc, Propaganda poster painter
  • Karl Marlantes, Third Marine Division, author
  • Craig McNamara, anti-war demonstrator, son of Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara
  • Merrill McPeak, Fighter pilot, Air Force Chief of Staff
  • John Musgrave, Third Marine Division
  • John Negroponte, foreign service officer in Vietnam, aide to Henry Kissinger during peace talks
  • Nguyen Ngoc, Viet Minh, military journalist, and political officer in the North Vietnamese Army
  • Dong Si Nguyen, North Vietnamese Army commander charged with maintaining the Ho Chi Minh trail
  • Bao Ninh, North Vietnamese Army, author
  • Tim O'Brien, infantryman, author
  • Vincent Okamoto, 25th Infantry Division officer
  • Eva Jefferson Paterson, anti-war activist
  • Rufus Phillips, Army officer, CIA officer, USAID official and State Department consultant
  • Juan Ramirez, Marine
  • Robert Rheault, Special Forces
  • James Scanlon, South Vietnamese Army advisor
  • Neil Sheehan, reporter
  • Wayne Smith, combat medic
  • Frank Snepp, CIA analyst and interrogator
  • Nguyen Thanh Son, 174th NVA Regiment
  • Lewis Sorley, Tank battalion executive officer
  • Nguyen Tai, North Vietnamese spy, counterespionage officer in Saigon
  • Lo Chac Tam, North Vietnamese Army leader
  • Pham Duy Tat, ARVN army general
  • Tran Cong Thang, North Vietnamese Army combat engineer
  • Lam Quang Thi, ARVN lieutenant general
  • Tran Ngoc Toan, South Vietnamese marines
  • Jack Todd, Army deserter
  • Nguyen Van Tong, National Liberation Front 9th Division officer
  • Phan Quang Tue, Worker in the Office of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in Saigon
  • Nguyen Thanh Tung, Viet Minh and National Liberation Front
  • Nick Ut, Associated Press photographer
  • Juan Valdez, Marine
  • Thomas J. Vallely, Marine corporal, founder of the Vietnam Program at the Harvard Kennedy School
  • George Wickes, Office of Strategic Services
  • James Willbanks, ARVN advisor, career officer
  • Samuel V. Wilson, General, headed of the USAID pacification program
  • Bill Zimmerman, Anti-war activist

Photographs and additional details about the interviewees can be seen on the PBS website.

Home mediaEdit

The Vietnam War was released on Blu-ray and DVD on September 19, 2017. Extras include a 45-minute preview program, two segments on the lives of two of the series' participants, and deleted scenes.[8] The series is also available for digital download, and can also be seen on Netflix.

BookEdit

Accompanying the series is a 640-page companion book, The Vietnam War: An Intimate History by Geoffrey Ward and Ken Burns. Containing an introduction by Burns and Novick, it was published by Burns’ long-time publisher, Alfred A. Knopf,[8] and released on September 5, 2017.[9]

ReceptionEdit

Critical receptionEdit

Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gave the series an approval rating of 97% based on 30 reviews and a weighted average score of 9.5/10. The site's critical consensus states, "The Vietnam War revisits a dark chapter in American history with patience, grace, and a refreshing -- and sobering -- perspective informed by those who fought."[10] Metacritic, another aggregator, gave the series a normalized score of 90 out of 100 based on 18 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim".[11]

Washington Post opinion writer George Will noted that the series is "an example of how to calmly assess episodes fraught with passion and sorrow." He continues: "The combat films are extraordinary; the recollections and reflections of combatants and others on both sides are even more so, featuring photos of them then and interviews with many of them now." Will concludes his column by declaring the series a "masterpiece".[12]

Ken Burns anticipated politically motivated criticisms of the film from both the left and the right: “After ‘The Vietnam War,’ I’ll have to lie low. A lot of people will think I’m a Commie pinko, and a lot of people will think I’m a right-wing nutcase, and that’s sort of the way it goes.”[13]

The San Jose Mercury News writer Tatiana Sanchez reported that some American and South Vietnamese veterans were "angry, (and) disappointed" with the documentary. They characterized it as a "betrayal". She writes: "veterans of the South Vietnamese military say they were largely left out of the narrative, their voices drowned out by the film’s focus on North Vietnam and its communist leader, Ho Chi Minh. And many American veterans say that the series had several glaring omissions and focused too much on leftist anti-war protesters and soldiers who came to oppose the war."[14]

Revisionist[15][16] historian Mark Moyar published a review in which he criticized the series.[17] Moyar felt that Burns and Novick overemphasized American battlefield defeats during 1966–1967 while glossing over the many victories. He also felt that Burns did not properly explain why American generals ordered their forces to fight so fiercely for seemingly meaningless hills; Moyar feels that engaging the Viet Cong in sparsely populated areas was a superior option to letting them draw near populated cities, where American airpower and artillery would require more careful use. Moyar also contended that Burns and Novick should have more strongly emphasized the amount of foreign aid that the North Vietnamese received from the Chinese and that both Vietnams were not entirely self-sufficient. He also believed that Nixon, a mercurial president who expressed many contradictory opinions, could not be taken entirely seriously in the tape excerpts used in the documentary wherein he appears to express a desire to cut South Vietnam loose immediately after the 1972 elections and the Paris Peace Accords, while the documentary let the excerpts stand as seeming fact.[17]

Scholar Thomas Bass criticizes the film for its "urge toward healing and reconciliation, rather than truth".[18] Bass's main objection is that the film perpetuates the narrative of the two Vietnams that justified U.S. involvement, arguing that "Southern Vietnam was never an independent country" and that Edward Lansdale played a role in that U.S. creation. He notes the prominent feature of Duong Van Mai Elliott in promoting this view, and the absence of a Daniel Ellsberg interview. Bass contends that this, together with the film’s reliance on architects of the war such as "former generals, CIA agents and government officials, who are not identified by rank or title, but merely by their names and anodyne descriptions" is deemed as evidence of the film's "conservative credentials". Newsweek echoed Bass's objection that the movie obscures facts about the root causes of the war and its framing by the U.S.[19]

MusicEdit

ScoreEdit

Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross, current members of the band Nine Inch Nails, were tasked to score the series, and provide both original music and a compilation soundtrack of popular songs.

Soundtrack albumEdit

The PBS website describes the series as featuring "more than 120 iconic popular songs that define the era",[20] including songs by then contemporary artists. Of these, 38 songs were selected for the series' soundtrack album, which was released on September 15, 2017.[21]

The Vietnam War: The Soundtrack (Disc One)
No.TitleArtist(s)Length
1."A Hard Rain's Gonna Fall"Bob Dylan6:52
2."Hello Vietnam"Johnnie Wright3:05
3." It's My Life"The Animals3:09
4."Eve of Destruction"Barry McGuire3:35
5."Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There Is a Season)"The Byrds3:49
6."Masters of War"The Staple Singers4:38
7."Mustang Sally"Wilson Pickett3:01
8."Smokestack Lightning"Howlin' Wolf3:08
9."Backlash Blues"Nina Simone2:28
10."The Sound of Silence"Simon & Garfunkel3:05
11."One Too Many Mornings"Bob Dylan2:37
12."Ain't Too Proud to Beg"The Temptations2:36
13."Are You Experienced?"Jimi Hendrix4:15
14."I'm a Man"Spencer Davis Group2:56
15."Green Onions"Booker T & The MG's2:56
16."Strange Brew"Cream2:46
17."Waist Deep in the Big Muddy"Pete Seeger2:55
18."A Whiter Shade of Pale"Procol Harum4:08
19."The Lord Is in This Place"Fairport Convention1:58
20."For What It's Worth"Buffalo Springfield2:33
Total length:66:30
The Vietnam War: The Soundtrack (Disc Two)
No.TitleArtist(s)Length
1."Don't Think Twice It's Alright"Bob Dylan3:37
2."Piece of My Heart"Janis Joplin4:13
3."Magic Carpet Ride"Steppenwolf4:31
4."Tell the Truth"Otis Redding3:11
5."The Letter"The Box Tops1:52
6."Bad Moon Rising"Creedence Clearwater Revival2:21
7."Soul Sacrifice"Santana6:37
8."Okie From Muskogee"Merle Haggard2:42
9."The Thrill Is Gone"B.B. King4:02
10."Psychedelic Shack"The Temptations3:50
11."Ohio"Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young3:03
12."Get Together"The Youngbloods4:39
13."Gimme Shelter"The Rolling Stones4:30
14."Tail Dragger"Link Wray4:49
15."America the Beautiful"Ray Charles3:35
16."What's Going On"Marvin Gaye3:52
17."Bridge Over Troubled Water"Simon & Garfunkel4:53
18."Let It Be"The Beatles3:50
Total length:70:07

Episode overviewEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "THE VIETNAM WAR, A New Film By Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, to Air Fall 2017 on PBS". PBS. Retrieved 2017-05-11.
  2. ^ "Ken Burns on the legacy of the Vietnam War". CBS News. August 23, 2015. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
  3. ^ "Ken Burns returns to PBS with 'Vietnam War'". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2017-05-11.
  4. ^ a b c Schuessler, Jennifer (2017-09-01). "Ken Burns and Lynn Novick Tackle the Vietnam War". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-09-18.
  5. ^ Watch Full Episodes Online of The Vietnam War | Broadcast Version on PBS, retrieved 2017-09-18
  6. ^ 'The Vietnam War Episode 3' preview, PBS Tuesday, PBS, Ken Burns, September 19, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  7. ^ Schuessler, Jennifer (2017-09-01). "Shot by Shot: Building a Scene in Ken Burns and Lynn Novick's Vietnam Epic". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-09-18.
  8. ^ a b "Two Soundtracks Announced For Ken Burns 'The Vietnam War' Doc". uDiscoverMusic. 2017-08-18. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
  9. ^ "The Vietnam War: An Intimate History". Penguin Random House. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
  10. ^ "The Vietnam War: Miniseries". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  11. ^ "The Vietnam War: Season 1". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  12. ^ Will, George (September 15, 2017). "'The Vietnam War' is a masterpiece — and a model for assessing our history". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
  13. ^ Parker, Ian (September 4, 2017). "Ken Burns's American Canon". The New Yorker.
  14. ^ Sanchez, Tatiana (September 29, 2017). "Veterans angry, disappointed following PBS' Vietnam War documentary". The Mercury News. Retrieved October 11, 2017.
  15. ^ Ricks, Thomas. "Mark Moyar's tendentious 'Triumph Forsaken: The Vietnam War, 1954 65'". Foreign Policy.
  16. ^ "Review of 'Triumph Forsaken: The Vietnam War, 1954 65'". Publisher's Weekly.
  17. ^ a b Moyar, Mark. "A Warped Mirror". City Journal. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  18. ^ Bass, Thomas A. (July 2017). "America's Amnesia". Mekong Review (8).
  19. ^ Stein, Jeff (September 17, 2017). "Vietnam War: New Ken Burns Documentary Dismisses the Origins of the Futile, Disastrous Conflict". Newsweek.
  20. ^ "About The Music | The Vietnam War". About The Music | The Vietnam War. Retrieved 2017-09-17.
  21. ^ "Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross detail their score to Ken Burns' new Vietnam War documentary". Consequence of Sound. 2017-08-20. Retrieved 2017-09-17.

External linksEdit