The Stuff of Thought
The Stuff of Thought: Language As a Window Into Human Nature is a 2007 book by experimental psychologist Steven Pinker. In the book Pinker "analyzes how our words relate to thoughts and to the world around us and reveals what this tells us about ourselves". Put another way, Pinker "probes the mystery of human nature by examining how we use words". The book became a New York Times best seller.
Cover of the first edition
|Publisher||Penguin Group (Viking Press)|
|LC Class||P107 .P548 2007|
Pinker argues that language provides a window into human nature, and that "analyzing language can reveal what people are thinking and feeling." He asserts that language must do two things:
- convey a message to an audience, and
- negotiate the social relationship between the speaker and the audience.
Therefore, language functions at these two levels at all times. For example, a common-place statement such as "If you could pass the salt, that would be great" functions both as a request (though formally not a request) and as a means of being polite or non-offensive (through not directing the audience to overt demands). Pinker says of this example:
It's become so common that we don't even notice that it is a philosophical rumination rather than a direct imperative. It's a bit of a social dilemma. On the one hand, you do want the salt. On the other hand, you don't want to boss people around lightly. So you split the difference by saying something that literally makes no sense while also conveying the message that you're not treating them like some kind of flunky.
Through this lens, Pinker asks questions such as "What does the peculiar syntax of swearing tell us about ourselves?" Or put another way, "Just what does the 'fuck' in 'fuck you' actually mean?", - as discussed in the chapter The Seven Words You Can't Say on Television. The arguments contained within ride on the backs of his previous works, which paint human nature as having "distinct and universal properties, some of which are innate – determined at birth by genes rather than shaped primarily by environment."
- Pinker, Steven. "The Stuff of Thought". Steven Pinker. Harvard University. Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-08-03.
- Press, Michelle (September 2007), "Reviews: Cyclic Universe•World of Words•Nuclear Terror", Scientific American, Scientific American, Inc., 297 (3), p. 120, retrieved 2008-08-03
- Calamai, Peter (2007-01-21), "Of thought and metaphor", Toronto Star, Torstar, retrieved 2008-08-03