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The Republicans group (Senate)

The Republicans group (French: groupe Les Républicains), formerly the Union for a Popular Movement group (French: groupe Union pour un mouvement populaire), is a parliamentary group in the Senate including representatives of The Republicans (LR), formerly the Union for a Popular Movement.

The Republicans group
Groupe Les Républicains
The Republicans group logo
ChamberSenate
Foundation10 December 2002
Previous name(s)Union for a Popular Movement group (2002–15)
Groupe Union pour un mouvement populaire
Member partiesLR
PresidentBruno Retailleau
ConstituencyVendée
Representation
146 / 348
IdeologyGaullism
Websitehttps://www.lesrepublicains-senat.fr/

HistoryEdit

The Union for a Popular Movement group (groupe Union pour un mouvement populaire) in the Senate was officially formed on 10 December 2002 after the foundation of the Union for a Popular Movement earlier that year; at the time of its creation, it included 167 members, an absolute majority, with Josselin de Rohan elected as its first president. The group united 93 out of 94 members of the Rally for the Republic (RPR) group, 40 out of 41 members of the Republicans and Independents (RI) group (associated with Liberal Democracy), 29 out of 54 members of the Centrist Union (UC) group, 4 out of 21 members of the European Democratic and Social Rally (RDSE) group, and 1 non-inscrit.[1] The group maintained its absolute majority until the 2004 renewal.[2]

On 15 January 2008, de Rohan stood down as president of the group to assume the role of president of the Foreign Affairs, Defense and Armed Forces Committee,[3] and was succeeded the same day by the former member of the Radical Party Henri de Raincourt.[4] De Raincourt subsequently stepped down on 6 July 2009, ahead of his appointment to the government,[5] with Gérard Longuet elected unopposed as his successor on 7 July, his only opponent – Eric Doligé – having withdrawn his candidacy before the vote.[6] On 7 March 2011, Longuet departed from the presidency of the group after his appointment as Minister of Defense within the government,[7] with Jean-Claude Gaudin taking his place on 8 March uncontested; though Jean-Pierre Raffarin envisaged the possibility of presenting his candidature, he ultimately supported Gaudin for the post.[8]

The UMP group lost its relative majority in the 2011 renewal,[9][10] after which the left took control of the upper chamber for the first time in the history of the Fifth Republic.[11] Though Gaudin remained in the Senate after the 2014 renewal, he did not wish to seek the presidency of the group, leaving it to an open contest instead.[12] On 2 October, Bruno Retailleau, a supporter of François Fillon in the disputed 2012 leadership election, was elected president of the group with 79 votes against Sarkozyist Roger Karoutchi with 39 votes and Longuet with 25.[13] On 2 June 2015, the group was renamed to The Republicans group (groupe Les Républicains) following the founding congress of the renamed party.[14]

List of presidentsEdit

Name Term start Term end Notes
Josselin de Rohan 10 December 2002 15 January 2008 [1][3]
Henri de Raincourt 15 January 2008 6 July 2009 [4][5]
Gérard Longuet 7 July 2009 7 March 2011 [6][7]
Jean-Claude Gaudin 8 March 2011 6 October 2014 [8][15]
Bruno Retailleau 7 October 2014 present [16]

Historical membershipEdit

Year Seats Change Series Notes
2004   C [2]
2008  5 A [9]
2011  19 1 [10]
2014  11 2 [17]
2017  3 1 [18]

Founding membersEdit

The UMP group was founded on 10 December 2002 with 167 members, including 93 out of 94 members of the Rally for the Republic (RPR) group, 40 out of 41 members of the Republicans and Independents (RI) group (associated with Liberal Democracy), 29 out of 54 members of the Centrist Union (UC) group, 4 out of 21 members of the European Democratic and Social Rally (RDSE) group, and 1 non-inscrit.[1]

Name Group
Nicolas About RI
Jean-Paul Alduy UC
Pierre André RPR
Gérard Bailly RPR
José Balarello RI
Bernard Barraux** UC
Jacques Baudot UC
Michel Bécot UC
Claude Belot UC**
Christian Bergelin RPR
Daniel Bernardet UC
Roger Besse RPR
Laurent Béteille RPR
Joël Billard RI
Jean Bizet RPR
Jacques Blanc RI
Paul Blanc RPR
Joël Bourdin RI
Brigitte Bout RPR*
Jean-Guy Branger UC
Gérard Braun* RPR*
Dominique Braye RPR*
Paulette Brisepierre RPR
Louis de Broissia RPR
Jean-Pierre Cantegrit UC**
Jean-Claude Carle RI
Auguste Cazalet RPR
Charles Ceccaldi-Raynaud RPR
Gérard César RPR
Jacques Chaumont RPR
Jean Chérioux RPR
Marcel-Pierre Cléach RI**
Jean Clouet RI
Christian Cointat RPR
Gérard Cornu RPR
Jean-Patrick Courtois RPR
Robert del Picchia** RPR**
Christian Demuynck RPR
Gérard Dériot** UC
Éric Doligé RPR
Jacques Dominati RI
Michel Doublet RPR
Paul Dubrule RPR**
Alain Dufaut RPR
André Dulait UC
Ambroise Dupont RI
Hubert Durand-Chastel** RASNAG
Louis Duvernois** RPR**
Daniel Eckenspieller RPR*
Jean-Paul Emin RI
Jean-Paul Emorine RI
Michel Esneu RPR
Jean-Claude Étienne RPR
Jean Faure UC
André Ferrand RI
Hilaire Flandre RPR
Gaston Flosse RPR
Alain Fouché RI
Jean-Pierre Fourcade RDSE
Bernard Fournier RPR
Serge Franchis UC
Philippe François RPR
Jean François-Poncet RDSE
Yves Fréville** UC
Yann Gaillard RPR*
René Garrec RI
Jean-Claude Gaudin RI
Philippe de Gaulle RPR
Patrice Gélard RPR
André Geoffroy RI
Alain Gérard RPR
François Gerbaud RPR
Charles Ginésy RPR
Francis Giraud RPR
Paul Girod RDSE
Daniel Goulet RPR
Alain Gournac RPR
Adrien Gouteyron RPR
Francis Grignon UC
Louis Grillot RI
Georges Gruillot RPR
Charles Guené RPR
Michel Guerry RPR
Hubert Haenel RPR
Emmanuel Hamel RPR
Françoise Henneron RI
Pierre Hérisson UC
Daniel Hoeffel UC
Jean-François Humbert RI
Jean-Jacques Hyest UC
Pierre Jarlier UC
Jean-Marc Juilhard RI
Roger Karoutchi RPR
Jean-Philippe Lachenaud RI
Christian de La Malène** RPR
Lucien Lanier RPR
Jacques Larché RI
Gérard Larcher RPR
André Lardeux RPR
Patrick Lassourd RPR
Robert Laufoaulu** RPR**
René-Georges Laurin RPR
Jean-René Lecerf RPR
Dominique Leclerc RPR
Jacques Legendre RPR
Jean-François Le Grand RPR
Serge Lepeltier RPR
Philippe Leroy RPR
Marcel Lesbros UC
Gérard Longuet RI
Jean-Louis Lorrain UC
Simon Loueckhote RPR
Roland du Luart RI
Brigitte Luypaert UC
Max Marest RPR
Philippe Marini RPR
Pierre Martin RPR
Jean-Louis Masson RPR
Serge Mathieu RI
Lucette Michaux-Chevry RPR
Jean-Luc Miraux RPR
René Monory UC
Dominique Mortemousque UC
Georges Mouly* RDSE
Bernard Murat RPR
Philippe Nachbar RI
Paul Natali RPR
Nelly Olin RPR
Joseph Ostermann RPR
Jacques Oudin RPR
Monique Papon UC
Michel Pelchat RI
Jean Pépin (fr) RI
Jacques Peyrat RPR
Xavier Pintat RI
Bernard Plasait RI
Jean-Marie Poirier UC
Christian Poncelet RPR
Ladislas Poniatowski RI
André Pourny** RI**
Jean Puech RI
Henri de Raincourt RI
Victor Reux RPR
Charles Revet RI
Henri Revol RI
Henri de Richemont RPR
Philippe Richert UC
Yves Rispat RPR*
Josselin de Rohan RPR
Roger Romani RPR
Janine Rozier RPR**
Bernard Saugey RI
Jean-Pierre Schosteck RPR
Bruno Sido RPR
Louis Souvet RPR
Michel Thiollière UC
Henri Torre RI
René Trégouët RPR
André Trillard RPR
François Trucy RI
Maurice Ulrich RPR
Jacques Valade RPR
Alain Vasselle RPR
Jean-Pierre Vial RPR
Xavier de Villepin UC
Serge Vinçon RPR
Jean-Paul Virapoullé UC
* Associated member
** Administratively attached member

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Information sur la composition et les activités du Sénat". Sénat. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Nombre de sièges au Sénat en 2004" (PDF). Sénat. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b "TABLE NOMINATIVE 2008 – DÉBATS DU SÉNAT". Sénat. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b Olivier Pognon (15 January 2008). "Henri de Raincourt, nouveau président des sénateurs UMP". Le Figaro. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  5. ^ a b "TABLE NOMINATIVE 2009 – DÉBATS DU SÉNAT". Sénat. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  6. ^ a b Patrick Roger (8 July 2009). "Nicolas Sarkozy aux élus UMP : "Au pire ou au mieux, encore sept ans et demi avec moi"". Le Monde. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  7. ^ a b "TABLE NOMINATIVE 2011 – DÉBATS DU SÉNAT". Sénat. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  8. ^ a b "Jean-Claude Gaudin prend la tête du groupe UMP au Sénat". Le Monde. Agence France-Presse. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  9. ^ a b "Nombre de sièges au Sénat en 2008" (PDF). Sénat. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Nombre de sièges au Sénat en 2011" (PDF). Sénat. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Pour la première fois de son histoire, le Sénat bascule à gauche". Le Monde. 25 September 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  12. ^ Hélène Bekmezian (28 September 2014). "Derrière les sénatoriales, la bataille pour la présidence". Le Monde. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  13. ^ Matthieu Goar (2 October 2014). "Au Sénat, la deuxième lame anti-Sarkozy porte Bruno Retailleau à la présidence du groupe". Le Monde. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  14. ^ "Sénat : le groupe UMP devient Les Républicains". Public Sénat. 2 June 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  15. ^ "TABLE NOMINATIVE 2014 – DÉBATS DU SÉNAT". Sénat. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  16. ^ "TABLE NOMINATIVE 2014 – DÉBATS DU SÉNAT". Sénat. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  17. ^ "Nombre de sièges au Sénat en 2014" (PDF). Sénat. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  18. ^ "Nombre de sièges au Sénat en 2017" (PDF). Sénat. Retrieved 16 October 2017.

External linksEdit