Philippe de Gaulle

Philippe Henri Xavier Antoine de Gaulle (born 28 December 1921) is a French retired admiral and senator. He is the eldest child and only son of General Charles de Gaulle, the first president of the French Fifth Republic, and his wife Yvonne.[1] As of 2022, he is the only living child of De Gaulle.

Philippe de Gaulle
BC et degaulle (cropped).JPG
Senator for Paris
In office
2 October 1986 – 30 September 2004
Personal details
Born
Philippe Henri Xavier Antoine de Gaulle

(1921-12-28) 28 December 1921 (age 100)
Paris, France
Political partyRally for the Republic
Other political
affiliations
Union for a Popular Movement
Spouse(s)
Henriette de Montalembert de Cers
(m. 1947; died 2014)
Children4
Parent(s)
Alma mater
Military service
AllegianceFree France
France
Branch/serviceFree French Naval Forces
French Navy
Years of service1940–1982
RankAdmiral
Battles/warsWorld War II
First Indochina War
AwardsGrand Cross of the Legion of Honour
Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit
Croix de Guerre 1939–1945

Early lifeEdit

De Gaulle was born in Paris on 28 December 1921 and was baptised on 8 June of the following year in the Church of St. Francis Xavier in the 7th Arrondissement. He was educated at the Collège Stanislas de Paris, where his father had also studied, and subsequently joined the French Navy. According to Charles de Gaulle, Philippe was named after his family ancestor Jean-Baptiste de Gaulle,[2] though it has been claimed that he was named after General Philippe Pétain, of whom his father was a great admirer.[3]

Free French naval officerEdit

 
Philippe during the Second World War

A student at the École Navale at the time of the invasion of France in 1940, he did not hear his father's appeal of 18 June, but escaped to the United Kingdom and declared his allegiance to Free France, joining the Free French Naval Forces. During the Second World War he fought in the Channel campaign and in the Battle of the Atlantic. Promoted to sub-lieutenant in 1943, de Gaulle participated in the Battle of France (1944–1945) as a platoon commander of the Régiment Blindé de Fusiliers-Marins, an armoured regiment of marines of the 2nd Armoured Division. On 25 August 1944, he participated in the liberation of Paris and was sent from the Montparnasse Station to carry the order to obtain the surrender of the Germans entrenched at the Palais Bourbon in the premises of the National Assembly. Risking being shot if things went wrong, he negotiated among them, alone and unarmed. He fought in the Vosges during the winter of 1944–1945.

Postwar naval careerEdit

 
Vice-admiral de Gaulle exiting the Colbert in Amsterdam, 1976

De Gaulle was promoted to lieutenant in 1948, and received in 1952 the command of the naval flottille 6F. He was promoted to corvette captain (lieutenant-commander) in 1956 and to frigate captain (commander) in 1961, commanding the fast frigate (Escorteur Rapide) Le Picard (1960–1961). He pursued a military career as a French Naval Aviation pilot and was made naval aviation commander of the Paris Region (1964–1966). Promoted to capitaine de vaisseau rank in 1966, he commanded the missile-launching frigate Suffren from 1967 to 1968. In 1971 he was promoted to rear-admiral (contre-amiral), becoming commander of the naval group of test and measurement ("GROUPEM") (1973–1974) where he hoisted his flag on the Missile Range Instrumentation and Command and Control ship Henri Poincaré. He was then commander of aviation maritime patrol (ALPATMAR) from 1974 to 1975 and was promoted to vice-admiral (vice-amiral) in 1975. From 1976 to 1977 he was Commander of the Atlantic Fleet and was elevated to squadron vice-admiral (vice-amiral d'escadre) in 1977.

Promoted to admiral in 1980, he finished his military career as Inspector General of the Navy, retiring in 1982.

PoliticianEdit

From 1986 to 2004 (reelected in 1995), de Gaulle served as a senator from Paris in the RPR and UMP. Near the end of the 1960s, a "legitimist" Gaullist party led by Joseph Bozzi advocated de Gaulle as the only legitimate heir of Gaullism. De Gaulle's influence, however, remained very low.

Personal lifeEdit

 
Burial place of Henriette de Gaulle

On 30 December 1947 de Gaulle married Henriette de Montalembert Cers (1 January 1929 – 22 June 2014), a descendant of the family of the Marquis de Montalembert. The marriage was blessed by Admiral Georges Thierry d'Argenlieu, one of the commanders of the Free French Naval Forces during the war. The couple had four sons:

He turned 100 in December 2021.[4]

HonoursEdit

Charles never appointed his son a Companion of the Liberation, probably to avoid being open to possible accusations of nepotism. Yet, in the opinion of some Gaullists and companions, Philippe would not have been undeserving of this honour, given his immediate engagement in Free France and his service in the army for five years, often at the forefront. Nor did Philippe's father award his son the medal of the Resistance.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bremner, Charles (2003-10-18). "Did De Gaulle really hate the British? Mais non". The Times. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
  2. ^ Jackson, Julian (2018-08-27). De Gaulle. Harvard University Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-674-98874-3.
  3. ^ Tagliabue, John (January 2, 2011). "Both Hero and Traitor, but No Longer on the Map". The New York Times. New York. Retrieved January 7, 2018. In 1921, de Gaulle, a great admirer of Pétain, honoured him by naming his first son Philippe.
  4. ^ "Centenaire de l'amiral Philippe de Gaulle" (in French). Élysée.fr. 28 December 2021.