Many cultures have legends of creatures which are part human and part reptile. One of the first historical depictions of a reptilian humanoid was the Ancient Egyptian deity Sobek, who had the head of a crocodile. He was depicted with similar traits, such as being aggressive and animalistic.
Sightings of humanoid reptile cryptids are common in the Southern United States, where swamps are common. In the late 1980s, there were hundreds of supposed sightings of a "Lizard Man" in Bishopville, South Carolina.
Anthropomorphic reptilian races or beings commonly appear in fantasy and science fiction. They can be based on various reptiles, like crocodiles, alligators, snakes, dinosaurs, and the fictional dragons. They are often depicted as powerful warriors, though their relative intelligence to humans varies - as with other anthropomorphic races, a greater resemblance to humans often denotes more "civilized" behavior.
Examples of reptilian races in fantasy are the Lizardfolk, Draconians and Kobolds of Dungeons & Dragons. The lizardlike Argonian race also takes a prominent role in the best-selling fantasy video game franchise The Elder Scrolls.
In works of science fiction, aliens are often depicted as closely resembling animals, with reptilian aliens being no exception. An early appearance was in the story "The Lizard-Men of Buh-Lo" (1930) by Francis Flagg. Other examples include the Gorn from Star Trek, and the Dracs from the film Enemy Mine (1985). The television franchise V features the Visitors, a lizardlike alien race who disguise themselves as humans.
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- Moran, Mark (2009). Weird U.S. : your travel guide to America's local legends and best kept secrets. Sceurman, Mark. New York: Sterling Pub. p. 112. ISBN 9781402766886. OCLC 244064142.
- The Greenwood encyclopedia of science fiction and fantasy : themes, works, and wonders. Westfahl, Gary. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. 2005. pp. 15, 78, 319. ISBN 0313329508. OCLC 60401685.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "Conspiracy Theories". Time. 2008-11-20. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2019-09-11.