The Last of the Mohicans (1992 film)

The Last of the Mohicans is a 1992 American epic historical drama film set in 1757 during the French and Indian War. It was directed by Michael Mann and was based on the 1826 novel The Last of the Mohicans: A Narrative of 1757 by James Fenimore Cooper and the 1936 film adaptation, owing more to the film than the novel. The film stars Daniel Day-Lewis and Madeleine Stowe, with Jodhi May, Russell Means, Wes Studi, Eric Schweig, and Steven Waddington in supporting roles.

The Last of the Mohicans
Mohicansposter.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMichael Mann
Screenplay by
Based on
Adaptation by
Produced by
Starring
CinematographyDante Spinotti
Edited by
Music by
Production
company
Distributed by
Release dates
  • August 26, 1992 (1992-08-26) (France)
  • September 25, 1992 (1992-09-25) (United States)
Running time
112 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
Languages
Budget$40 million[3]
Box office$143 million

The soundtrack features music by Trevor Jones and Randy Edelman, and the song "I Will Find You" by Clannad. The main theme of the film is taken from the tune "The Gael" by Scottish singer-songwriter Dougie MacLean.

Released in the United States on September 25, 1992, The Last of the Mohicans was met with positive reviews and commercial success during its box-office run. It won the Academy Award for Best Sound, the only Oscar won by a film directed by Mann. Day-Lewis received his second nomination for the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role for his performance.

PlotEdit

In 1757, British Army Major Duncan Heyward arrives in Albany, New York, during the French and Indian War. He is assigned to Colonel Edmund Munro, the commander of Fort William Henry in the Adirondack Mountains. Heyward is tasked with escorting Munro's two daughters, Cora and Alice, to their father. Before they leave, Heyward asks Cora to marry him, but she does not give him an answer.

A Mohawk named Magua is tasked with guiding Heyward, the two women, and a troop of British soldiers to the fort, but he is actually a Huron who leads them into an ambush that kills most of the soldiers. Mohican Chingachgook, his son Uncas, and his white, adopted son "Hawkeye" arrive and kill all of the Hurons except Magua, who escapes. The trio agrees to take the women and Heyward to the fort. During the trek, they find another massacre at a farm, but do not stop to bury the victims so as not to alert the Hurons to their presence. Cora and Hawkeye are attracted to each other, as are Uncas and Alice.

They find the fort under siege by the French and their Huron allies, but manage to sneak in. Colonel Munro is surprised to see his daughters, as he had sent a letter warning them to stay away, but it was never delivered by Magua. Heyward becomes jealous of Hawkeye when Cora tells Heyward she will not accept his marriage proposal. A militiaman sets out at night to try to reach General Webb at Fort Edward for reinforcements, with Hawkeye, Chingachook and Uncas providing covering fire from the fort.

After Munro refuses to honor an agreement made by Webb that the militiamen could leave to protect their homesteads if they were threatened, Hawkeye helps them sneak away. He is arrested for sedition and sentenced to hang. However, when he learns that Webb will send no soldiers, Munro is forced to accept French General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm's terms of surrender: the British can leave the fort honorably with their arms. Magua is furious because he bears a personal grudge against Munro.

Once Munro, his soldiers and civilians leave the fort, Huron warriors attack anyway and massacre them. Munro is captured alive, but mortally wounded, and Magua personally cuts out his heart. Hawkeye, Uncas, and Chingachgook fight their way out, taking Cora, Alice, Heyward, and a few British soldiers. They hide in a cave behind a waterfall, but Magua finds them. Before Hawkeye, Uncas, and Chingachgook escape by leaping from the waterfall, Hawkeye tells Cora to stay alive and swears that he will find her.

Magua takes his three prisoners to a Huron settlement. While he is addressing a sachem, Hawkeye walks in unarmed as a parley to plead for their lives. The sachem rules that Heyward is to be returned to the British, Alice be given to Magua for the wrongs done to him by Munro, and Cora be burned alive. Although Hawkeye is told he may leave in peace for his bravery, he offers to take Cora's place. Heyward, who is acting as interpreter, instead tells the Hurons to take his life for Cora's. After Hawkeye leaves the village with Cora he shoots Heyward, who is being burned alive, as a final act of mercy.

Chingachgook, Uncas, and Hawkeye then pursue Magua's party to rescue Alice. Uncas races ahead, but is killed in a duel by Magua and thrown over the cliff's edge. Devastated to see Uncas’ demise, Alice refuses to remain with Magua and commits suicide by jumping off the same cliff. Enraged, Hawkeye and Chingachgook catch up and slay some of the Hurons. Hawkeye then holds the rest at gunpoint, allowing Chingachgook to fight and kills Magua, avenging Uncas’ death. Afterward, Chingachgook prays to the Great Spirit to receive Uncas, proclaiming himself "the last of the Mohicans."

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

Much care was taken with recreating accurate costumes and props. Daniel Winkler made the tomahawks used in the film and knifemaker Randall King made the knives.[4] Wayne Watson is the maker of Hawkeye's "Killdeer" rifle used in the film. The gunstock war club made for Chingachgook was created by Jim Yellow Eagle. Magua's tomahawk was made by Fred A. Mitchell of Odin Forge & Fabrication.

Costumes were originally designed by multiple Academy Award winner James Acheson, but he left the film and had his name removed because of artistic differences with Mann. Designer Elsa Zamparelli was brought in to finish.

CastingEdit

Through the making of this film, actors Wes Studi and Maurice Roeves became lifelong friends.[5]

LocationsEdit

Although the story takes place in upstate colonial New York, filming was done mostly in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina.[6] Locations used include Lake James, Chimney Rock Park and The Biltmore Estate. Some of the waterfalls that were used in the movie include Hooker Falls, Triple Falls, Bridal Veil Falls, and High Falls, all located in the DuPont State Recreational Forest.[6] Another of these falls was Linville Falls, in the mountains of North Carolina. Also, Hickory Nut Falls at Chimney Rock was in the movie near the end. Scenes of Albany were shot in Asheville, NC at The Manor on Charlotte Street.[6]

The set of Fort William Henry was constructed at a reported cost of US$6 million on felled forestry land (35°47′40.69″N 81°52′12.10″W / 35.7946361°N 81.8700278°W / 35.7946361; -81.8700278) adjacent to Lake James in NC. Highway 126, which ran between the set and the lake, had to be closed for the duration of the filming.[7]

SoundtrackEdit

ReleaseEdit

The film opened in the United States on September 25, 1992, in 1,856 theaters. It was the number 1 movie on its opening weekend.[8][9] By the end of its first weekend, The Last of the Mohicans had generated $10,976,661, and by the end of its domestic run, the film had made $75,505,856 in the United States and Canada.[3] It was ranked the 17th highest-grossing film of 1992 in the United States.[10] Internationally, the film grossed more than $67 million[11] for a worldwide total of over $143 million.

Alternate versionsEdit

When the film was released theatrically in the United States, its running time was 112 minutes. This version of the film was released on VHS in the U.S. on June 23, 1993. The film was later re-edited to a length of 117 minutes,[12] for its U.S. DVD release on November 23, 1999,[13] which was billed as the "Director's Expanded Edition". The film was again re-edited for its U.S. Blu-ray release on October 5, 2010,[14] this time billed as the "Director's Definitive Cut", with a length of 114 mins.[15]

ReceptionEdit

At review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes the film has a "Certified Fresh" rating of 93% based on reviews from 41 critics, with an average rating of 7.74/10. The site's consensus states: "The Last of the Mohicans is a breathless romantic adventure that plays loose with history -- and comes out with a richer action movie for it."[16]

The Last of the Mohicans opened with critics praising the film for its cinematography and music. Critic Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three stars and called it "quite an improvement on Cooper's all but unreadable book, and a worthy successor to the Randolph Scott version," going on to say that "The Last of the Mohicans is not as authentic and uncompromised as it claims to be – more of a matinee fantasy than it wants to admit – but it is probably more entertaining as a result."[17]

Desson Howe of The Washington Post classified the film as "glam-opera" and "the MTV version of gothic romance".[18] Rita Kempley of the Post recognized the "heavy drama," writing that the film "sets new standards when it comes to pent-up passion", but commented positively on the "spectacular scenery".[19]

Awards and nominationsEdit

Award Category Nominee(s) Result
20/20 Awards Best Original Score Trevor Jones and Randy Edelman Nominated
Academy Awards[20] Best Sound Chris Jenkins, Doug Hemphill, Mark Smith and Simon Kaye Won
American Cinema Editors Awards Best Edited Feature Film Dov Hoenig and Arthur Schmidt Nominated
American Society of Cinematographers Awards Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Theatrical Releases Dante Spinotti Nominated
Awards Circuit Community Awards Best Cinematography Nominated
Best Makeup & Hairstyling Peter Robb-King and Vincent J. Guastini Nominated
Best Sound Chris Jenkins, Doug Hemphill, Mark Smith, Simon Kaye, Lon Bender and Larry Kemp Nominated
BMI Film & TV Awards Film Music Award Randy Edelman Won
British Academy Film Awards[21] Best Actor in a Leading Role Daniel Day-Lewis Nominated
Best Cinematography Dante Spinotti Won
Best Costume Design Elsa Zamparelli Nominated
Best Make Up Artist Peter Robb-King Won
Best Original Film Score Trevor Jones and Randy Edelman Nominated
Best Production Design Wolf Kroeger Nominated
Best Sound Simon Kaye, Lon Bender, Larry Kemp, Paul Massey, Doug Hemphill, Mark Smith and Chris Jenkins Nominated
British Society of Cinematographers[22] Best Cinematography in a Theatrical Feature Film Dante Spinotti Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Association Awards[23] Most Promising Actor Wes Studi Nominated
Evening Standard British Film Awards Best Actor Daniel Day-Lewis Won
Golden Globe Awards[24] Best Original Score Trevor Jones and Randy Edelman Nominated
London Film Critics Circle Awards British Actor of the Year Daniel Day-Lewis Won
Nastro d'Argento Best Cinematography Dante Spinotti Nominated
Political Film Society Awards Peace Nominated
Southeastern Film Critics Association Awards[25] Best Picture 9th Place
Yoga Awards Worst Foreign Director Michael Mann Won

American Film Institute recognition:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Last of the Mohicans". British Board of Film Classification. Archived from the original on April 6, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  2. ^ "Languages in Last of the Mohicans". Native-Languages.org. Archived from the original on 2020-11-09. Retrieved 2020-11-09.
  3. ^ a b "The Last of the Mohicans (1992)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on March 2, 2007. Retrieved March 18, 2007.
  4. ^ Haskew, Mike (2006-09-01). "Star-Spangled Hawks Take Wing". Vol. 33, no. 9. Blade Magazine. pp. 30–37.
  5. ^ "Scots actor Maurice Roeves dies aged 83". BBC News. 15 July 2020. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  6. ^ a b c "The Last of the Mohicans". www.movie-locations.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2020. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  7. ^ "THE FILMING AT LAKE JAMES". www.mohicanpress.com. Archived from the original on December 27, 2019. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  8. ^ "Weekend Box Office". The Los Angeles Times. 1992-10-06. Archived from the original on 2012-07-15. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  9. ^ Fox, David J. (1992-10-06). "Box Office Hasn't Seen the Last of 'Mohicans". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2012-07-01. Retrieved 2011-05-30.
  10. ^ "1992 Yearly Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on 2007-06-29. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  11. ^ Groves, Don (April 19, 1993). "Disney fare is cats' meow; Clint rides". Variety. p. 34.
  12. ^ Wurm, Gerald (2010-04-07). "Last of the Mohicans, The (Comparison: Theatrical Version - Director's Expanded Edition)". Movie-Censorship.com. Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  13. ^ "Last of the Mohicans (Director's Expanded Edition): Daniel Day-Lewis, Madeleine Stowe, Russell Means, Eric Schweig, Jodhi May, Steven Waddington, Wes Studi, Maurice Roëves, Patrice Chéreau, Edward Blatchford, Terry Kinney, Tracey Ellis, Michael Mann, Christopher Crowe, Daniel Moore, James Fenimore Cooper, John L. Balderston, Paul Perez, Philip Dunne: Movies & TV". Amazon. Archived from the original on 2021-05-15. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  14. ^ "The Last of the Mohicans Blu-ray: Director's Definitive Cut". Blu-ray.com. Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  15. ^ Wurm, Gerald (2010-10-29). "Last of the Mohicans, The (Comparison: Theatrical Version - Director's Definitive Cut)". Movie-Censorship.com. Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
  16. ^ "Freshness count". Rotten Tomatoes. March 18, 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-03-22. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
  17. ^ Ebert, Roger (September 25, 1992). "The Last of The Mohicans". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
  18. ^ Howe, Desson (September 25, 1992). "The Last of The Mohicans". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
  19. ^ Kempley, Rita (September 25, 1992). "The Last of The Mohicans". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2008-10-08. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
  20. ^ "The 65th Academy Awards (1993) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  21. ^ "BAFTA Awards: Film in 1993". BAFTA. 1993. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  22. ^ "Best Cinematography in Feature Film" (PDF). Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  23. ^ "1988-2013 Award Winner Archives". Chicago Film Critics Association. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  24. ^ "The Last of the Mohicans – Golden Globes". HFPA. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  25. ^ "1992 SEFA Awards". sefca.net. Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  26. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains Nominees" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2011-08-07. Retrieved 2011-12-27.

External linksEdit

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