La vaquilla (English: The Heifer) is a 1985 Spanish comedy film written and directed by Luis García Berlanga. It was the first comedy made about the Spanish Civil War and the highest-grossing Spanish film in Spain at the time surpassing Los santos inocentes.[1][2]

La vaquilla
Directed byLuis García Berlanga
Written byRafael Azcona
Luis García Berlanga
Produced byAlfredo Matas
StarringAlfredo Landa
José Sacristán
Adolfo Marsillach
Santiago Ramos
Guillermo Montesinos
Amparo Soler Leal
CinematographyCarlos Suárez
Edited byJosé Luis Matesanz
Music byMiguel Asins Arbó
Release date
  • 6 March 1985 (1985-03-06)
Running time
122 minutes
Box office527,303,939 pesetas[1]


During the Spanish Civil War on the Aragón frontline the speakers of the Nationalist troops announce a festival in a nearby village which includes a bull run and religious procession. A group of Republican soldiers infiltrate the Nationalist side to steal the animal for two reasons; to ruin the holiday for the Nationalists and because their food stores are low.


  • Brigada Castro (Alfredo Landa), a professional Republican soldier.
  • Mariano (Guillermo Montesinos), a Republican soldier coming from a village across the frontline, where his girlfriend Guadalupe remained.
  • Limeño (Santiago Ramos), a Republican soldier who was a bullfighter before the war. Chosen to kill the heifer, he is actually afraid of bulls.
  • Lieutenant Broseta (José Sacristán), a Republican officer who was a hairdresser before the war. He longs for his profession and threatens to punish failure with a complete head shave.
  • Priest (Carles Velat), a Republican soldier who almost became a Catholic priest. He still remembers many mannerisms.
  • Republican Colonel (Eduardo Calvo)
  • Guadalupe (Violeta Cela), daughter of a Republican and girlfriend of the absent Republican Mariano, she is dating a nationalist Alférez.
  • Nationalist Commander (Agustín González), has to deal with his troops and the local aristocrats.
  • Juana (María Luisa Ponte), mother of Guadalupe, has to hide her Republican husband.
  • Alférez (Juanjo Puigcorbé), a Nationalist officer courting Guadalupe.
  • The marquis (Adolfo Marsillach) is the local aristocrat. He tries to convince the commander to push the front so that all his enormous estate (currently divided by the frontline), falls in the Nationalist side. His "inherited" gout forbids him to walk.


The film was shot mainly in Sos del Rey Católico with many locals as extras. In 2009 the village homaged the surviving artists.


  1. ^ a b "Las mujeres de Almodóvar primer puesto de recaudación de la historia" (PDF). Diario ABC (in Spanish). 5 May 1991. p. 102. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Spain's All-Time Top Grossing Pics". Variety. May 7, 1986. p. 379.

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