The Greatest Pharaohs is a 1997 American educational documentary film about Ancient Egypt distributed by A&E and narrated by Frank Langella with commentary by experts in the field.[1][2] It is 200 minutes long and split into four parts, with each part explaining the lives of four Egyptian pharaohs.[2]

The Greatest Pharaohs
Directed byScott Paddor and Wayne Grajeda
Written byScott Paddor and Wayne Grajeda
Produced byScott Paddor and Wayne Grajeda
StarringFrank Langella
Cathleen A. Keller–
UC Berkeley
David O'Connor
New York University
Peter A. Clayton
David Silverman–
University of Pennsylvania
Lynn Holden–
Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum
Richard Fazzini,Donald Spanel-
Brooklyn Museum
Josef Wegner-
University of Pennsylvania
Carol Redmount-
University of California, Berkeley
Narrated byFrank Langella
CinematographyPaul Johnson
Edited byMichael W. Andrews
Music byChristopher L. Stone
Zeijko Marasovich
Distributed byA&E Television Networks
Release date
  • July 11, 1997 (1997-07-11)
Running time
200 minutes
CountryUnited States

In education edit

The film uses interviews of historians, re-creations through CGI, location footage, and archaeological and scientific evidence to tell the story of these Egyptian monarchs.[2] It has been made available for instructional use by A&E,[3] and is now being used in anthropology and archaeology courses at colleges and universities, such as the University of Vermont,[2] San Francisco State University,[4] Oriental Institute of Chicago,[5] University of Pennsylvania,[6] and University of California, Berkeley,[7] as well as smaller colleges such as Blue Ridge Community College.[8] It is available in public libraries across the United States,[1][9][10][11] and in archives such as La Bibliographie nationale française.[12]

4-part series edit

The documentary series The Greatest Pharaohs chronicles the lives of the men and women who built and maintained the Egyptian dynasties and the resources and power of ancient Egypt. Footage is included of the recently opened pyramid complex of the Pharaoh Sneferu and the rarely seen ancient burial ground of Abydos.[13]

Part 1

Follows the birth of Egyptian civilization and the origins of the pharaohs and their legacy of the pyramids. It begins with the story of how the first pharaoh, the warrior Narmer, united Upper and Lower Egypt and began the first dynasty. Covers Narmer, Hor-Aha, Sneferu, and Khafre.[14]

Part 2

By 2180 BCE, almost 1,000 years after the first pharaoh, the Egyptians had made advances in science, art, and technology and had built what was arguably the most advanced culture at that time in civilized history. However, the Old Kingdom started to decay when a child became Pharaoh. There were centuries of chaos before Egypt was reborn under a series of militarily inclined pharaohs who established the New Kingdom. Covers Menkaura, Pepi II, Mentuhotep II, and Ahmose I.[15]

Part 3

By 1353 BCE, Egypt was again stable, with much of the prosperity of the Old Kingdom. However, the ascension of Akhenaten brought a new crisis. Akhenaten was branded a heretic by history because of his attempts to transform Egypt's religion, but he was also considered remarkable by the way he shared power with Nefertiti. Covers Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten), Tutankhamun, Ay, and Seti I.[16]

Part 4

Considered by historians to be the greatest era of the New Kingdom began in 1279 BCE, when Ramses II assumed the throne. Ramses II is remembered by history as Ramses the Great. The Great Pharaohs of Egypt series concludes with an in-depth look at his 67-year reign. He led foreign conquests and embarked on what is considered the most ambitious building program since the Great Pyramids, restoring old monuments and erecting countless new ones. The program concludes with the life and death of Cleopatra as the last pharaoh. Covers Ramses II, Ramses III, and Cleopatra VII.[17]

Video release edit

It was released by A&E Home Video and distributed in the U.S. by New Video Group (1997).[2]

Additional sources edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b [1] Marmot Library Network, video listings, accessed 01-18-2009
  2. ^ a b c d e [2] University of Vermont, CAMPUS USE INSTRUCTIONAL: The Greatest Pharaohs, accessed 01-18-2009
  3. ^ [3] A&E Classroom, accessed 01-18-2009
  4. ^ "AV #88547 - Video Cassette - the Greatest Pharaohs: Volume 2. Twilight for the Fourth Dynasty". Archived from the original on 1999-10-11. Retrieved 2009-01-19. San Francisco State University video library catalog, accessed 01-18-2009
  5. ^ [4] Oriental Institute of Chicago, discussion of syllabus for January 4 class, accessed 01-18-2009
  6. ^ [5] University of Pennsylvania, videos for Anthropology and Archaeology, accessed 01-18-2009
  7. ^ [6] University of California, Berkeley, Area Studies — Videos in the Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley Library, accessed 01-18-2009
  8. ^ "BRCC Video Listing course video listings". Archived from the original on October 14, 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
  9. ^ [7] Corvalis-Benton County Public Library, video listings, accesses 01-18-2009
  10. ^ [8] Wright Public Library, accessed 01-18-2009
  11. ^ [9] Archived 2012-08-05 at Nid-Hudson Library System, accessed 01-19-2009
  12. ^ "Bibliographie nationale française Audiovisuel - Cumulatif 2006 - Images animées : Philosophie, histoire, sciences de l'homme". Archived from the original on 2009-07-12. Retrieved 2009-01-19. La Bibliographie nationale française (France) (Google translation, accessed 01-19-2009
  13. ^, overview of The Greatest Pharaohs, accessed 01-18-2009
  14. ^ Archived 2008-07-20 at the Wayback Machine, Part 1 of The Greatest Pharaohs, accessed 01-18-2009
  15. ^ Archived 2008-07-20 at the Wayback Machine, Part 2 of The Greatest Pharaohs, accessed 01-18-2009
  16. ^ Archived 2008-07-19 at the Wayback Machine, Part 3 of The Greatest Pharaohs, accessed 01-18-2009
  17. ^ Archived 2008-07-20 at the Wayback Machine, Part 4 of The Greatest Pharaohs, accessed 01-18-2009
  18. ^ [10] The Advocate (July 6, 1997), "Tidbits in A&E's "Pharaohs" worth the effort

External links edit