The Glass Palace

The Glass Palace is a 2000 historical novel by Indian writer Amitav Ghosh. The novel is set in Burma, Bengal, India, and Malaya, spans a century from the British invasion of Burma and the consequent fall of the Konbaung Dynasty in Mandalay, through the Second World War to late 20th century. Through the stories of a small number of privileged families, it illuminates the struggles that have shaped Burma, India and Malaya into the places they are today.[1] It explores the various facets of the colonial period, including the economic fall of Burma, the rise of timber and rubber plantations, the moral dilemmas faced by Indians serving the British army, and the devastating effects of World War II. Focusing mainly on the early 20th Century, it explores a broad range of issues ranging from the changing economic landscape of Burma and India, to pertinent questions about what constitutes a nation and how these change as society is swept along by the tide of modernity.[2]

The Glass Palace
The Glass Palace.jpg
Hardback 1st edition cover
AuthorAmitav Ghosh
CountryUS, India
GenreHistorical Fiction
PublisherRavi Dayal, Penguin India
Publication date
Media typePrint (hardback)

The name of the novel derives from the Glass Palace Chronicle, which is an old Burmese historical work commissioned by King Bagyidaw in 1829.


Part One - MandalayEdit

The novel starts with an 11-year-old boy called Rajkumar running through the city of Mandalay to find a woman called Ma Cho. He is the last surviving member of his family and comes to Burma from India with a bright entrepreneurial spirit and a hunger for success.

Rajkumar's work as an assistant on Ma Cho's food stall takes place in the shadow of the Glass Palace, in which King Thibaw and his wife reside with their daughters, the princesses. As the British invasion comes to topple the incumbent regime, everyday citizens of Mandalay are able to enter the enshrined building, and it is then that Rajkumar spots Dolly, one of the princesses' attendants, and instantly falls in love with her. However, the entire Royal Family and their entourage are quickly extradited by the British and forced into house arrest thousands of miles away on the West coast of India.

Part Two - RatnagiriEdit

Thibaw Palace, Residence of Burmese King exiled in Ratnagiri by British. King Thibaw is one of the few real characters in the novel.

Whilst Rajkumar's quickly evolving career begins to take shape with the help of Saya John, a successful teak merchant (Ma Cho's sometime lover), we are given a glimpse into the awkward beginnings of a new life for King Thebaw and his family as they try to settle into the port town of Ratnagiri, north of Goa. Events conspire to weave Outram House (the name of the residence the British provide to house the family and what remains of their assistants) more firmly into the life of Ratnagiri than had been expected. King Thebaw is revered by the local community, and in time the family come to feel secure and even happy in their new surroundings. The arrival of a new Collector stirs up feelings of resentment towards the colonial regime, but Uma, the Collector's headstrong wife, is able to help bridge the gap by befriending Dolly.

Meanwhile, Rajkumar has been enduring the hardships of the teak trade, having witnessed man and beast working together on an epic scale as elephants transport large volumes of wood down from the forests for sale into the British Empire's vastly expanding markets. Being the opportunist that he is, Rajkumar starts to make his own way in world after receiving advice from his new friend and colleague Doh Say. Borrowing cash from Saya John, he makes the journey to India to recruit poverty-stricken village-dwellers into the comparatively lucrative (yet undoubtedly perilous) world of early oil-mining in Burma. Having made enough money this way, Rajkumar does what has been his dream for some time: buy a timber-yard of his own, with Doh Say as business partner.

Having built a more than modest commercial empire, Rajkumar had one piece of unfinished business: to track down the only girl he'd ever loved, Dolly. Through an Indian connection in Rangoon (Yangon), Rajkumar makes contact with Ratnagiri via Uma, and is accordingly granted an audience with the Collector and his wife over a meal that of course stiffly conforms to colonial best practice. To his surprise, Dolly is present, and after some drama, he finally persuades her to leave the family she has been exiled with, and return with him to Burma as his wife.

Part Three - The Money TreeEdit

Saya John prides himself on being able to spot the next big commodity, and on their return to Rangoon, he hands Rajkumar and Dolly a small clump of odd elastic material rubber ...

Part Four - The WeddingEdit

A joining of multi-ethnic families in Calcutta.

Part Five - MorningsideEdit

Life before World War II on a rubber plantation in Malaya by Rajkumar with help of Saya John.

Part Six - The FrontEdit

The story of the Japanese invasion of Malaya and Burma and the subsequent family losses of lives and properties.

Part Seven - The Glass PalaceEdit

Post WWII lives of the scattered families.


Burmese Royal FamilyEdit

Rajkumar's FamilyEdit

  • Rajkumar Raha (the central character)
  • Dolly Sein (Lady-in-waiting to Queen Supayalat and marries Rajkumar)
  • Neel Raha (Rajkumar and Dolly's elder son) - Neel dies trying to take his father's place in the family business.
  • Dinu Raha (Rajkumar and Dolly's younger son) - Marries Alison before her death
  • Ilongo (illegitimate child of Rajkumar)
  • Jaya (Neel and Manju's daughter)

Saya John's FamilyEdit

  • Saya John
  • Matthew (Saya John's son)
  • Elsa Hoffman (Matthew's wife)
  • Alison (Matthew and Elsa's Daughter)
  • Timmy (son of Matthew and Elsa who moves to America)

Uma Dey's FamilyEdit

  • Beni Prasad Dey (District Collector at Ratnagiri and marries to Uma)
  • Uma Dey (Madame Collector and Dolly's best friend)
  • Manju (Uma's niece and marries to Neel)
  • Arjun (Uma's nephew) - Indian Army Officer
  • Bela (Uma's youngest niece)

Awards and translationsEdit

The Glass Palace was the Eurasian regional winner in the "Best Book" category of the 2001 Commonwealth Writers' Prize,[3] but Amitav Ghosh was not aware that his publishers had submitted his book, and he withdrew it upon learning that he had won the regional round.[4] It is also winner of Grand Prize for Fiction, Frankfurt eBook Award, 2001 [5] and New York Times Notable Books of 2001.

The Glass Palace was translated and published into over 25 languages. It was also translated into Burmese by writer Nay Win Myint and published serialized at one of Burma's leading literary magazines Shwe Amyutay. Since the last part of novel is an extended elegy to Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese Press Scrutiny Board asked for many cuts in the translation.[6] The Burmese translation won the Myanmar National Literature Award in 2012.[7]


  1. ^ Ghosh, Amitav (2000). The Glass Palace. p. Back cover. ISBN 0375758771.
  2. ^ There'll Always Be an England in India,, retrieved 2008-01-14
  3. ^ "Wild West at the London Book Fair", The Guardian, = 24 March 2001, 2001-03-24, retrieved 2001-03-24
  4. ^ Amitav Ghosh - The Writer of Truth, Kavita Chhibber
  5. ^ Amitav Ghosh re-emerges with Sea of Poppies, The Hindu
  6. ^ The Glass Palace - Now in Burmese, Amitav Ghosh, 14 May 2009, retrieved 2009-05-14
  7. ^