The Code On Social Security, 2020

The Code on Social Security, 2020 is a code to amend and consolidate the laws relating to social security with the goal to extend social security to all employees and workers either in the organised or unorganised or any other sectors.

Code on Social Security, 2020
Emblem of India
Parliament of India
CitationAct No. 36 of 2020 (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2020
Territorial extentIndia
Considered byParliament of India
Enacted byLok Sabha
EnactedSeptember 22, 2020 (2020-09-22)
Enacted byRajya Sabha
EnactedSeptember 23, 2020 (2020-09-23)
Assented toSeptember 28, 2020 (2020-09-28)
Signed byRam Nath Kovind
Legislative history
Bill citationBill No. 121 of 2020
Bill published onSeptember 19, 2020 (2020-09-19)
Introduced bySantosh Gangwar
Minister of State (IC) Labour and Employment
First readingSeptember 22, 2020 (2020-09-22)
Second readingSeptember 23, 2020 (2020-09-23)
Committee reportReport of Second National Commission on Labour
Repeals
  • The Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923
  • The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948
  • The Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952
  • The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959
  • The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
  • The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972
  • The Cine Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981
  • The Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1996
  • Unorganised Workers' Social Security Act 2008
Status: In force

The Social Security Code, 2020 brings unorganised sector, gig workers and platform workers under the ambit of social security schemes, including life insurance and disability insurance, health and maternity benefits, provident fund and skill upgradation, etc.[1] The act amalgamates nine central labour enactments relating to social security.

BackgroundEdit

The bill was introduced by the Labour Minister Santosh Gangwar. The bill was passed by the Lok Sabha 22 September 2020 and the Rajya Sabha on 23 September 2020.[2] The bill was formulated according to the Report and Recommendations of the Second National Commission on Labour.

It consolidated The Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923, The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948, The Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952, The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959, The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961, The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, The Cine Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981, The Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1996, Unorganised Workers' Social Security Act 2008.[3][4]

The Lok Sabha passed the bill on 22 September 2020 and the Rajya Sabha passed it on 23 September 2020. The bill received the presidential assent on 28 September 2020, but the date of coming into force is yet to be notified in the official gazette.

See alsoEdit

ReferenceEdit