Ministry of Labour and Employment (India)

The Ministry of Labour & Employment is one of the oldest and most important Ministries of the Government of India. The Ministry of Labour and Employment is India's federal ministry which is responsible to protect and safeguard the interest of workers in general and the poor, deprived and disadvantaged sections of the society.[2] The Ministry aims to create a healthy work environment for higher production and productivity and to develop and coordinate vocational skill training and employment.[2] However, Skill Development responsibilities, such as Industrial Training and Apprenticeship responsibilities were transferred to the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship from 9 November 2014.[3] The Ministry launched the National Career Service portal on 20 July 2015 to help bridge the gap between job providers and job seekers.

Ministry of Labour and Employment
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
JurisdictionIndiaRepublic of India
HeadquartersRafi Marg, New Delhi
Annual budget7,700 crore (US$1.1 billion) (2018–19 est.)[1]
Minister responsible
Websitelabour.gov.in

Role and WorkingEdit

FunctionsEdit

The thrust areas of the ministry are:[4]

  • Labour Policy and legislation
  • Safety, health and welfare of labour
  • Social security of labour
  • Policy relating to special target groups such as women and child labour
  • Industrial relations and enforcement of labour laws in the Central sphere
  • Adjudication of industrial disputes through Central Government Industrial Tribunals cum Labour Courts and National Industrial Tribunals
  • Workers' Education
  • Labour and Employment Statistics

The results of recession [5] on employment in the eight selected sectors textiles including apparels, leather, metals, automobiles, gems & jewellery, transport, IT/BPO and handloom / powerloom were monitored starting from Oct–Dec 2008. The overall employment in the eight selected sectors covered in the quarterly surveys has increased by 10.66 lakh (0.16%). In IT/BPO sector the increase in the employment is maximum (6.9 lakh) during the year 2009–10.

  • Emigration of Labour for employment abroad
  • Employment services and vocational training
  • Administration of Central Labour & Employment Services
  • International co-operation in labour and employment matters

OrganisationEdit

The attached and subordinate offices, autonomous organisations, adjudicating bodies and arbitration bodies are:[2]

Attached officesEdit

  • Directorate General of Employment [6]
  • Office of Chief Labour Commissioner has the power to rusticate any labour in charge of the country

Subordinate officesEdit

  • Directorate General of Mines Safety
  • Welfare Commissioners

Autonomous organisationsEdit

Adjudicating bodyEdit

  • Central Government Industrial Tribunals and Labour Courts

Arbitration BodyEdit

  • Central Labour Institute

Labour Ministers of IndiaEdit

Name Term of office Party Prime Minister
Jagjivan Ram 15 August 1947 13 May 1952 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
V. V. Giri 13 May 1952 07 September 1954
Khandubhai Kasanji Desai 10 September 1954 16 April 1957
Gulzarilal Nanda 17 April 1957 10 April 1962
Jai Sukh Lal Hathi
(Minister of Labour)
16 April 1962 15 November 1962
Gulzarilal Nanda 01 September 1963 24 January 1964
Damodaram Sanjivayya 24 January 1964 24 January 1966 Jawaharlal Nehru
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Jagjivan Ram 24 January 1966 13 March 1967 Indira Gandhi
Jai Sukh Lal Hathi 13 March 1967 15 November 1969
Jagjivan Ram 15 November 1969 18 February 1970
Damodaram Sanjivayya 18 February 1970 18 March 1971
Ravindra Varma 26 March 1977 28 July 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai
Fazlur Rahman 28 July 1979 14 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh
Janaki Ballabh Patnaik 14 January 1980 07 June 1980 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
N. D. Tiwari 19 October 1980 08 August 1981
Bhagwat Jha Azad
(MoS, Independent Charge)
15 January 1982 02 November 1982
Veerendra Patil 02 November 1982 31 December 1984 Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
T. Anjaiah
(MoS, Independent Charge)
31 December 1984 20 January 1986 Rajiv Gandhi
P. A. Sangma
(MoS, Independent Charge)
20 September 1986 06 February 1988
M. L. Fotedar 06 February 1988 14 February 1988
Jagdish Tytler
(MoS, Independent Charge)
14 February 1988 26 June 1988
Bindeshwari Dubey 26 June 1988 02 December 1989
Ram Vilas Paswan 06 December 1989 10 November 1989 Janata Dal
(National Front)
V. P. Singh
Chandra Shekhar 10 November 1990 21 June 1991 Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Chandra Shekhar
K. Ramamurthy
(MoS, Independent Charge)
21 June 1991 30 July 1991 Indian National Congress P. V. Narasimha Rao
P. V. Narasimha Rao 30 July 1991 10 July 1992
P. A. Sangma
(MoS, Independent Charge till 10 February 1995)
10 July 1992 15 September 1995
G. Venkatswamy 15 September 1995 16 May 1996
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 16 May 1996 01 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Balwant Singh Ramoowalia 01 June 1996 29 June 1996 Janata Dal
(United Front)
H. D. Deve Gowda
M. Arunachalam 29 June 1996 21 April 1997 Tamil Maanila Congress
(United Front)
I. K. Gujral 21 April 1997 01 May 1997 Janata Dal
(United Front)
I. K. Gujral
M. Arunachalam 01 May 1997 09 June 1997 Tamil Maanila Congress
(United Front)
M. P. Veerendra Kumar
(MoS, Independent Charge)
09 June 1997 18 March 1998 Janata Dal
(United Front)
Satyanarayan Jatiya 18 March 1998 13 October 1999 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 13 October 1999 22 November 1999
Satyanarayan Jatiya 22 November 1999 01 September 2001
Sharad Yadav 01 September 2001 01 July 2002 Janata Dal
(National Democratic Alliance)
Sahib Singh Verma 01 July 2002 22 May 2004 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Sis Ram Ola 23 May 2004 27 November 2004 Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh
Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao 27 November 2004 24 August 2006 Telangana Rashtra Samithi
(United Progressive Alliance)
Manmohan Singh 24 August 2006 24 October 2006 Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
Oscar Fernandes
(MoS, Independent Charge)
24 October 2006 03 March 2009
G. K. Vasan
(MoS, Independent Charge)
03 March 2009 22 May 2009
Mallikarjun Kharge 28 May 2009 17 June 2013
Sis Ram Ola 17 June 2013 15 Dec 2013
Oscar Fernandes 15 December 2013 26 May 2014
Narendra Singh Tomar 26 May 2014 09 November 2014 Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Narendra Modi
Bandaru Dattatreya
(MoS, Independent Charge)
09 November 2014 03 September 2017
Santosh Gangwar
(MoS, Independent Charge)
03 September 2017

See alsoEdit

Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Budget data" (PDF). www.indiabudget.gov.in. 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Ministry of Labour and Employment Annual Report for Year 2011–2012" (PDF). Ministry of Labour and Employment. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  3. ^ "National Skill Development Mission". www.pmindia.gov.in.
  4. ^ "Thrust Areas of Ministry of Labour & Employment, Govt. of India".
  5. ^ "Press release SIXTH QUARTERLY SURVEY REPORT ON EFFECT OF ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN ON EMPLOYMENT IN INDIA (JANUARY TO MARCH 2010)".
  6. ^ "Directorate General of Employment (DGE) | Ministry of Labour & Employment". Labour.nic.in. 19 April 2018. Retrieved 15 September 2018.

External linksEdit