Thaikkupin Tharam (transl. Wife after Mother) is a 1956 Indian Tamil-language film, the directorial debut of M. A. Thirumugam. The film stars M. G. Ramachandran and P. Bhanumathi. It was the first film produced by Sandow M. M. A. Chinnappa Thevar under the then newly-formed Thevar Films. Thaikkupin Tharam was released on 21 September 1956 and ran for over 100 days in theatres.
|Directed by||M. A. Thirumugam|
|Produced by||Sandow M. M. A. Chinnappa Thevar|
|Starring||M. G. Ramachandran|
|Music by||K. V. Mahadevan|
|Cinematography||R. R. Chandran|
|Edited by||M. A. Thirumugam|
M. A. Mariappan
M. G. Balu Rao
Muthaiyan is the brave son of Ratnam Pillai and Meenakshi. They are landed gentry and are highly respected in the village for their noble qualities. Meenakshi's brother Doraiswami, on the other hand, is disliked by all for his arrogance, cruelty and dishonourable ways. The two families are not in speaking terms ever since Doraiswami tried to usurp Ratnam Pillai's traditional rights at the temple festival. Doraiswami's daughter, Sivakami, however, is a good-natured girl who is in love with Muthaiyan. Muthaiyan too reciprocates her love and they are determined to surmount all hurdles and get married. When Doraiswami's men capture Muthaiyan and keep him a prisoner on the pretext that he had hurled stones at Doraiswami's prized bull when he had caught it grazing on his crops, Sivakami comes to his rescue.
Meanwhile, accosting Doraiswami demanding his son's release, Ratnam Pillai declares bravely that he would overpower the touted bull. But the bull gores him to death. In his dying breath, he elicits a promise from Meenakshi that she would ensure that their son sets right this slur on their honour. Muthaiyan's mother makes him promise that he would not even think of Sivakami any more. Sivakami's father too has isolated her in house arrest and has started looking out for a suitable husband for her.
At a bullock cart race for Sivakami's hand, Doraiswami sabotages Muthaiyan's cart, and although he is first, he injures right after crossing the finish line. Doraiswami tells off Sivakami for her support of Muthaiyan and Meenakshi, while tending to Muthaiyan's injuries, tells him to not talk to Sivakami. The two meet each other that night anyway but are seen by a servant of Doraiswami, as well as Meenakshi.
How Muthaiyan wins the hand of Sivakami after overpowering the mighty bull Senkodan and reforming his wily uncle forms rest of the tale.
Thaikkupin Tharam was the directorial debut of M. A. Thirumugam, and the first film produced by Sandow M. M. A. Chinnappa Thevar under the then newly-formed Thevar Films. Principal photography commenced on 5 July 1955 in the sets put up at Vauhini Studios, with B. Nagi Reddy cranking the camera for the first shot. Thirumugam also took care of editing, assisted by M. A. Mariappan and M. G. Balu Rao.
|1||"Manushanai Manushan Saapiduraandaa"||T. M. Soundararajan||A. Maruthakasi||04:18|
|2||"Aahaa Nam Aasai Niraiverumaa"||T. M. Soundararajan & P. Bhanumathi||Kavi Lakshmanadas||03:02|
|3||"Naadu Sezhitthida Naalum Uzhaitthida"||M. L. Vasanthakumari||04:54|
|4||"Asaindhaadum Thendrale Thoodhu Sellaayo"||P. Bhanumathi||Thanjai N. Ramiah Dass||03:13|
|5||"Vittadhadi Aasai...Eravuttu Eni Edukkum"||S. C. Krishnan & A. G. Rathnamala||03:18|
|6||"Kaadhal Viyaadhi Polladhadhu"||Jikki||02:41|
|7||"Thandhayaipppol...Annaiyum Pidhaavum Munnari Dheivam"||T. M. Soundararajan||03:11|
|8||"En Kaadhal Inbam Idhuthaana"||A. M. Rajah & P. Bhanumathi||03:35|
|9||"Kandhaavaram Thandharlvaan Thiruchendhooril Vaazhvone Vandhaaluvaan"||S. C. Krishnan, A. G. Rathnamala & chorus||T. S. Natarajan & M. M. A. Chinnappa Thevar||04:35|
Thaikkupin Tharam was released on 21 September 1956. According to Sachi Sri Kantha, it was the "first successful movie in a social theme" for Ramachandran. The film ran for over 100 days in theatres.
- Thaikkupin Tharam (PDF) (song book) (in Tamil). Thevar Films. 1956.
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- Kantha, Sachi Sri (3 November 2014). "MGR Remembered – Part 22 | Sibling Rivalry and Siblicide in DMK of 1950s". Ilankai Tamil Sangam. Archived from the original on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
- சாதனை நாயகன் எம்.ஜி.ஆர் [MGR, the man of achievements] (in Tamil). Arulmozhi Publications. 1997. p. 28.