Theodor Magnus Fries

  (Redirected from Th.Fr.)

Theodor "Thore" Magnus Fries (28 October 1832 – 29 March 1913), was a Swedish botanist, lichenologist, and Arctic explorer. He was the son of the mycologist Elias Fries.[2]

Theodor Magnus Fries
Theodor Magnus Fries.jpg
Born(1832-10-28)28 October 1832[1]
Femsjö, Sweden
Died29 March 1913(1913-03-29) (aged 80)
Uppsala, Sweden
Scientific career
FieldsBotany, Lichenology
Author abbrev. (botany)Th.Fr.

Following in his father's footsteps, Fries studied botany, obtaining his doctoral degree in 1857 at Uppsala. He became a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1865 and professor of botany and applied economics at Uppsala in 1877.[3] His most notable work was Lichenographia scandinavica (1871–1874). He also produced a two-volume biography of Carl Linnaeus (1903).

Fries was part of two Arctic expeditions led by Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, in 1868 and 1871.[4] From 1893 to 1899, he was the vice-chancellor of Uppsala University.[5] His sons Thore Christian Elias Fries and Robert Elias Fries also became botanists.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Nordisk Familjebok Volume 8. Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förlags aktiebolag. 1908. p. 1397. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Thore M Fries". Nationalencyklopedin.
  3. ^ Jorgensen, Per Magnus. 2001. Th. M. Fries (1832–1913), a Grand Scandinavian Lichenologist. The Bryologist 104 (4):537–542
  4. ^ Du Rietz, G Einar. "Thore M Fries". Svenskt Biografiskt Lexikon. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Register of Vice-Chancellors". Uppsala University. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  6. ^ IPNI.  Th.Fr.

External linksEdit

Academic offices
Preceded by Rector of Uppsala University
1893 – 1899
Succeeded by