Texas Silesian

Texas Silesian (Silesian: Teksasko gwara) is a dialect of the Silesian language used by descendants of immigrant Upper-Silesians in American settlements from 1852[2] to the present. It is a variant of Silesian derived from the Opole dialect. The dialect evolved after Silesian exile around the village of Panna Maria.[3] It contains a distinctive vocabulary for things which were unknown for Polish Silesians.[4]

Texas Silesian
Teksasko gwara
Native toUnited States
RegionPanna Maria, Texas
EthnicitySilesian Americans in Texas
Language codes
ISO 639-3szl
Glottologsile1253
Linguasphere53-AAA-cck, 53-AAA-dam
An example of Texas Silesian - a letter written from Texas to Poland
The county where Texas Silesian is spoken

Allegedly, Texas Silesian is less influenced by German because its speakers emigrated before the Kulturkampf, which added many Germanisms to the continental Silesian[5] The language is tended by its speakers, but they know it only in the spoken form.[5] Texas Silesian has not been replaced by English because the Silesian community is strongly isolated. Nevertheless, Texas Silesian has adopted some words from English.

One of the characteristic features of Texas Silesian phonetics is called mazuration, in which all cz, sz, ż are pronounced [t͡s, s, z], whereas in the stereotypical Silesian of the Katowice urban area they are pronounced [t͡ʂ, ʂ, ʐ]. Texas Silesian has given the name for Cestohowa village in Texas - the name is derived from Polish Częstochowa, but, due to this phonetic process, cz became c.[4]

Typical words unlike SilesianEdit

Texas Silesian Silesian English
turbacyjŏ[4] niyprzileżytość problem
zaszanować[4] zaszporować to save money
kapudrok[4] zalōnik frock coat
furgocz[5] fliger aeroplane
szczyrkowa[4] szczyrkowa (loanword from Texas Silesian) rattlesnake
po warszawsku[4] po polsku, po polskimu in Polish
prastarzik[4] starzik, ôpa great-grandfather
cieżko[4] fest, fes, fys very
kole tego[6] ô tym, koly tego about that
pokłoud[5] gipsdeka ceiling
bejbik[7] bajtel baby
kara[7] auto car
wiater[7] luft air
korn kukurzica corn
farmiyrz gospodŏrz farmer
plōmzy, piczesy fyrzichy peaches
garce buncloki, garki, gorce pots

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code: szl". Ethnologue. Languages of the World.
  2. ^ "TSHA | Panna Maria, TX".
  3. ^ "Telewizja TVS". Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "RADIO COURIER". Archived from the original on 3 November 2007. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-12-21. Retrieved 2009-01-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "ŚLŮNSKO EKA - Ze gyšychty našyj godki". Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
  7. ^ a b c "Inne". katowice. Retrieved 5 March 2015.