Terrel Howard Bell (November 11, 1921 – June 22, 1996) was the Secretary of Education in the Cabinet of President Ronald Reagan. He was the second Secretary of Education, following Shirley Hufstedler.
|2nd United States Secretary of Education|
January 22, 1981 – December 31, 1984
|Preceded by||Shirley Hufstedler|
|Succeeded by||Bill Bennett|
|United States Commissioner of Education|
June 1974 – July 1976
|Preceded by||John Ottina|
|Succeeded by||Edward Aguirre|
Terrel Howard Bell
November 11, 1921
Lava Hot Springs, Idaho, U.S.
|Died||June 22, 1996 (aged 74)|
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
|Resting place||Larkin Sunset Gardens Sandy, Utah|
|Education||Albion (ID) Normal (BA)|
University of Idaho (MA)
University of Utah (PhD)
|Branch/service||U.S. Marine Corps|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Early life and careerEdit
Bell was born in Lava Hot Springs, Idaho, on November 11, 1921; at age eight, his father died. Bell graduated from Lava Hot Springs High School in 1940, and the Albion State Normal School in 1946. After this he served as a school superintendent of various schools in Idaho and Wyoming.
Bell spent much of his professional career in Utah. He served as a sergeant in the Marine Corps during World War II and returned to Idaho to get his education. After earning a B.A. in Albion in 1946, Bell started a career as a high school teacher and bus driver.
He earned an M.A. from the University of Idaho in Moscow in 1954, and a Ph.D. in education from the University of Utah in Salt Lake City in 1961. Bell also served as Utah's Commissioner of Higher Education and the superintendent of Weber School District in Utah from 1958 to 1962.
National Commissioner of EducationEdit
U.S. Secretary of EducationEdit
Appointed to the Reagan cabinet in 1981, Bell was expected to preside over the dismantling of the Department of Education, but he ran into the legal requirement that such a dismantling required legislation. He was well-known, admired, and respected in education circles, having risen from high school teacher through college professor to administrative positions. Bell stood out as a humble man in an administration of moneyed people—he drove a U-Haul truck from Utah to Washington when he moved, as political appointees did not get reimbursed for moving expenses.
In 1981, Bell convinced Reagan to appoint a commission to study excellence in education. The 1983 report of the National Commission on Excellence in Education, titled A Nation at Risk, started the drive for education reform with its conclusions, which included the claim that the nation was threatened by "a rising tide of mediocrity."
Resignation and later lifeEdit
Though education's importance was highlighted by the reform drive, Reagan continued to try to reduce funding at the Department of Education. Bell served for Reagan's first term, resigning effective December 31, 1984. Bell was succeeded by Bill Bennett and returned to Salt Lake City to join the faculty at the University of Utah. In 1988, he published his memoir entitled The Thirteenth Man: A Reagan Cabinet Memoir.
Bell published seven other books during his career, covering topics such as improving child intellectual development and reforming the educational process. His last book in 1993, written with his business partner Dr. Donna Elmquist at his nonprofit company T.H. Bell and Associates in Salt Lake City, made new recommendations for improving the US education system.
"There are three things to emphasize in teaching: The first is motivation, the second is motivation, and the third is (you guessed it) motivation." Terrel H. Bell, U.S. Secretary of Education, 1981–1985 (Bell, 1995)
Bell married Betty Ruth Fitzgerald in 1957, and they had four sons: Mark F., Warren T., Glenn M., and Peter F. Bell.
Terrel H. Bell AwardEdit
The Department of Education gives an award named after Bell to recognize "outstanding school leaders and the vital role they play in overcoming challenging circumstances." On November 3, 2009, the award was given to eight U.S. public school principals. Concurrent with the award, the department issued a press release which stated, "The late Secretary Terrel H. Bell held education as his highest priority, trusting that all students would find it their personal key to success as he had."
- "T.H. Bell – Ex-cabinet member and educator dies at 74". Deseret News. (Salt Lake City, Utah). June 23, 1996. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
- Rosenfeld, Megan (April 5, 1981). "For whom Bell toils". Washington Post. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
- Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History - Bell, Terrel H[permanent dead link]
- McCarthy, John (May 15, 1983). "UI grads hear Bell, governor". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). p. 1C.
- A Nation at Risk. National Commission on Excellence in Education. April 1983.
- Thomas Ferraro (November 8, 1984). "Education Secretary Terrel Bell told his staff today he..." UPI. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- "List of Education Secretaries". Archived from the original on 2016-12-30. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- "Terrel Bell Award for Outstanding School Leadership Presented to Eight Principals" (Press release). U.S. Department of Education. November 3, 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
- "Secretary of Education: Terrel H. Bell (1981 – 1984)". Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
- The World Almanac 1997, Obituaries, p. 74.
| United States Commissioner of Education
| United States Secretary of Education