Ten'ei (天永) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Tennin and before Eikyū. This period spanned the years from July 1110 through July 1113. The reigning emperor was Emperor Toba-tennō (鳥羽天皇).
Change of EraEdit
- January 22, 1110 Ten'ei gannen (天永元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Tennin 4, on the 16th day of the 7th month of 1110.
Events of the Ten'ei EraEdit
- 1109 (Ten'ei 1, in the 5th month): Emperor Toba visited Hosho-ji where he donated a Buddhist manuscript which had been created using gold characters on blue paper.
- 1110 (Ten'ei 1, in the 6th month): The Miidera-ji burned down. This was the second time the temple was destroyed by fire, the first time being in 1081.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ten'ei" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 958, p. 958, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at archive.today.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 178-180; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 321; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 200-204.
- Brown, p. 321.
- Titsingh, p. 179.
- Brown, p. 322.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection