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Temple Shaaray Tefila (Hebrew: שערי תפילהGates of Prayer)[3] is a traditionally oriented Reform synagogue located at 250 East 79th Street (at the corner of 2nd Avenue) on the Upper East Side in Manhattan, New York City.[4]

Temple Shaaray Tefila
שערי תפילה
Congregation Shaaray Tefila 250 East 79th Street.jpg
The Temple Shaaray Tefila as seen from the north-eastern corner of East 79th Street and 2nd Avenue
Religion
AffiliationReform Judaism
LeadershipJoel Mosbacher (Senior Rabbi)[1]
Amy Schwach (Executive Director)
Barri Waltcher (President)[2]
StatusActive
Location
Location250 East 79th Street, New York, NY 10075
StateNew York
Geographic coordinates40°46′24″N 73°57′20″W / 40.773357°N 73.955463°W / 40.773357; -73.955463Coordinates: 40°46′24″N 73°57′20″W / 40.773357°N 73.955463°W / 40.773357; -73.955463
Website
www.shaaraytefilanyc.org

The synagogue was founded in 1845, and was officially chartered in 1848. It moved to its current location in 1959. It has over 1,200 family member units, and over 800 students combined in its religious school and early childhood programs.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The synagogue was founded in 1845 by 50 primarily English and Dutch Jews who had been members of B'nai Jeshurun, and was officially chartered in 1848.[3][4][5] It was initially an Orthodox synagogue.[4] It slowly turned to Reform Judaism over the years.[4]

By 1862 it had 200 members.[5] In 1865, it opened its religious school.[5] In 1871, it consolidated with the Beth-El congregation, which had been organized in 1853.[5]

The services were modified to a shorter, simpler version in 1879. Some of the material was presented in English.[4] That was followed by the synagogue allowing men and women to sit together, introducing organ music and a mixed choir.[4] In 1901, it had 240 members.[5] In 1902, the congregation joined the Reform movement's national organization of congregations, the Organization of American Hebrew Congregations.[5] By 1916, it had 500 members.[5]

In 1921, the synagogue joined the American Reform movement – the Union of American Hebrew Congregations (or UAHC, now the URJ).[4]

 
Congregation Shaaray Tefila, 127 West 44th Street. Henry Fernbach, arch. (1869).

In 1993, it established a nursery school for children 2.5 to 5 years of age.[6][7] In 1996, the corner of East 79th Street and 2nd Avenue at which it sits was designated Temple Shaaray Tefila Place, in celebration of the congregation's 150th anniversary.[8]

LocationsEdit

It was initially located on Wooster Street.[4][5] The synagogue relocated in turn to West 34th Street, West 36th Street, West 44th Street (and Sixth Avenue), and 160 West 82nd Street (near Amsterdam Avenue; where it began to be referred to as West End Synagogue).[4][5][9]

In 1958, it finally moved to its current Upper East Side location at 250 East 79th Street and 2nd Avenue, a theater converted at a cost of $1,500,000 ($13,000,000 in current dollar terms).[4][5][10]

MembershipEdit

The synagogue has over 1,250 family member units, 675 students in its religious school, and over 180 children in its early childhood programs.[4]

RabbisEdit

The synagogue's first rabbi was Samuel Isaacs, who spoke English, one of only a few such rabbis in the United States.[4] He was a firm adherent of Orthodox Judaism, and retired in 1877.[4]His funeral at the synagogue the following year was the largest Jewish funeral of the nineteenth century.[11]

Beginning in 1877, it was led by Rabbi Frederick de Sola Mendes (who also became the first Chairman of the YMHA during his tenure), and from 1920, it was led by Rabbi Nathan Stern.[5][12]

Rabbi Bernard Bamberger was the rabbi from 1944 until 1971.[4][13] He also served as President of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, as well as the World Union for Progressive Judaism.[4]

Rabbi Philip Schechter was then rabbi at the synagogue for a short time.[14] He was fired in February 1971 by a vote of 144–135 of synagogue members 35 years of age and older, when his reforms to the liturgy and loosening of the dress code were not well received by some members of the congregation.[14] He was followed by Senior Rabbi Harvey Tattelbaum, who led the synagogue for three decades, until 2001 when he became Rabbi Emeritus.[4]

Rabbi Jonathan Stein became Senior Rabbi in July 2001, and served until June 2014.[15][4] He had previously been Senior Rabbi of both Congregation Beth Israel of San Diego and Indianapolis Hebrew Congregation.[4] He also became President of the Central Conference of American Rabbis in March 2011, for a two-year term.[4] As President, he led the principal organization of Reform rabbis in the U.S. and Canada.[4] Following Rabbi Stein's retirement in June 2014, the Board of Trustees appointed Rabbi Deborah Hirsch as the Interim Senior Rabbi, while the Board searched for a senior rabbi replacement.[15]

On February 4, 2016, the congregation unanimously elected Rabbi Joel Mosbacher as Senior Rabbi beginning July 1, 2016. [16]

Notable personsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Our Team
  2. ^ Our Leadership
  3. ^ a b "Shaaray Tefila Jubilee – The congregation a vigorous child of B'nai Jeshurun". The New York Times. March 21, 1896. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Our History and Vision". Shaaraytefilanyc.org. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Rabbi Kerry M Olitzky, Marc Lee Raphael (1996). The American Synagogue: A Historical Dictionary and Sourcebook. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313288562. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  6. ^ Victoria Goldman (2012). The Manhattan Directory of Private Nursery Schools, 7th Edition. Soho Press. ISBN 9781616950521. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  7. ^ "Temple Shaaray Tefila Nursery School". New York Magazine. October 13, 1969. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  8. ^ Feirstein, Sanna (2001), Naming New York: Manhattan Places & How They Got Their Names, New York: New York University Press, p. 132, ISBN 978-0-8147-2712-6
  9. ^ "Synagogue rededicated". The New York Times. December 18, 1937. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  10. ^ "Shaaray Tefila to open temple". The New York Times. September 19, 1959. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  11. ^ Robert P. Swierenga (1994). The Forerunners: Dutch Jewry in the North American Diaspora. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0814324339. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  12. ^ David Kaufman (1999). Shul With a Pool: The "Synagogue-Center" in American Jewish History. UPNE. ISBN 9780874518931. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  13. ^ Leonard S. Kravitz, Rabbi Kerry M Olitzky (1993). Pirke Avot: A Modern Commentary on Jewish Ethics. URJ Books and Music. ISBN 9780807404805. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  14. ^ a b "Long-haired N.Y. Rabbi Sees Exodus of Young People to New Temple," St. Joseph Gazette, February 18, 1971, Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  15. ^ a b Rabbi Deborah A. Hirsch, Interim Senior Rabbi
  16. ^ "Rabbi Mosbacher's address to Shaaray Tefila on February 4, 2016". Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  17. ^ Phillips, Mccandlish (June 24, 1965). "700 Attend Baruch Funeral at Family Synagogue – Family Joined by Dignitaries at 15-Minute Rites Here for Financier". The New York Times. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  18. ^ Lipman, Steve (August 22, 2008). "Yuman Fong". The Jewish Week. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  19. ^ Michael K. Bohn (2004). The Achille Lauro Hijacking. Potomac Books, Inc. ISBN 9781612342757. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  20. ^ Steve Swayne (2011). Orpheus in Manhattan: William Schuman and the Shaping of America's Musical Life. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199793105. Retrieved January 7, 2013.

External linksEdit