Taylor Mitchell (August 27, 1990 – October 28, 2009) was a Canadian country folk singer and songwriter from Toronto. Her debut and only album, For Your Consideration received encouraging reviews and airplay. Following a busy summer performance schedule, which included an appearance as a young performer at the Winnipeg Folk Festival, Taylor embarked on a tour of Eastern Canada with a newly acquired license and car. She died at age 19 of injuries and blood loss after coyotes mauled her while she was walking in Cape Breton Highlands National Park's Skyline Trail. Her death is the only known fatal coyote attack on an adult as well as the only known fatal coyote attack on a human in Canada. It shocked experts and led to a reassessment of the risk to humans from the predator behaviour of coyotes.
|Birth name||Taylor Josephine Stephanie Luciow|
August 27, 1990|
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Died||October 28, 2009
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
|Labels||Back Road Tavern Productions |
Mitchell was born with the given name Taylor Josephine Stephanie Luciow. Her parents were Emily and Ray Luciow. She grew up in Roncesvalles, Ontario. Taylor became interested in performing by her mid teens, and after graduating from the Etobicoke School of the Arts with a major in musical theatre, decided on a career as a singer and songwriter, taking the surname "Mitchell" as her stage name. She had released a four track EP in 2007, she independently released an album titled For Your Consideration in March 2009. In June 2009, she was invited to perform in the Winnipeg Folk Festival. Reaction from the roots music community and radio stations was positive, and she began working on new material. A contributor to the album, Justin Rutledge, later described Mitchell as having written beyond her years: "She didn’t provide answers, as so many of her age try to do. There was no preciousness about her. Instead she asked questions." To promote the album she went on a solo concert tour of the Maritime provinces, beginning on October 23, 2009. A few days before her death, Taylor was nominated for a Canadian Folk Music Award as Young Performer of the Year. Her last performance was in Lucasville, near Halifax; there were two days before her scheduled concert in Sydney.
In their original American south west range, coyotes were primarily hunters of rodents. They expanded their range north and east. Some of them moved into eastern Canada in 1911. Eight years later, coyotes formed a hybrid with wolves at Algonquin Provincial Park known as "coywolf". Coyotes were first proven to exist in Nova Scotia in 1978. In a study male coyotes averaged a weight of 34 pounds; there is a verified case of two coyotes killing a female moose weighing over 400 pounds (180 kg). On July 14, 2003, a teenage girl walking on the Skyline Trail was bitten on one of her arms by a coyote; her parents frightened it away. There were also reports of coyotes watching and following park visitors. Four months prior to Taylor's fatal incident, an urban coyote bit a two-year-old girl on a playground at Central Elementary School in Port Coquitlam, British Columbia.
Having some free time before her next concert, Taylor, an environmentalist who enjoyed nature walks, went to Cape Breton Highlands National Park on the sunny afternoon of October 27. At 2:45, a middle-aged American couple going in the opposite direction passed her near the beginning of the Skyline Trail in Petit Étang. For an unknown reason, she doubled back after going a short distance along the trail and came back down the access road intending to return to her car. It is possible a coyote was stalking her at this stage.
At 3:02, the American couple whose first names were Mike and Gayle, hiked on the access road heading to the car park. They moved out of the way when two coyotes were walking toward them along the road, but going in the opposite direction. One of the hikers photographed the coyotes with his camera before heading directly to the car park. Trent University's Environmental and Life Sciences graduate program professor and Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources research scientist Brent Patterson later commented that the two coyotes in the male hiker's photo exhibited an extraordinary lack of fear, with one displaying what verged on a dominant attitude toward humans. It is believed these coyotes walked into Taylor on the access road six minutes later, when Mike and Gayle heard what they thought could be either animals howling or a young woman screaming in the distance. The American middle-aged couple reported these commotions in a telephone box at the car park.
Both the park's resource conservation supervisor, Erich Muntz and the Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resource's Wildlife Resources manager, Michael O'Brien thought Taylor's predatory animal suspect was a black bear at first, but they soon found out it was a pack of coyotes. A group of four other hikers who were originally from Europe and Australia arrived in the carpark, where they heard about the possible screams in the distance from the American couple. After several minutes' walk along the access road they began to find personal items of Taylor, including keys and a small knife (believed to have been used by her in an attempt to defend herself as she was forced back up the access road and onto the Skyline Trail). As the hikers turned into the clearing at the head of the trail, they saw torn pieces of bloodied clothing and a large amount of blood along the ground. A washroom in the clearing had blood on the door. At 3:25 they found Taylor lying nearby among trees, with a coyote standing over her. It was only after repeated charges by the three young men that the coyote could be made to move away from her. She was conscious and able to speak with the rescuers. The coyote remained close by, growling and unafraid until a shotgun was fired at it by a Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer who had arrived. Taylor was bitten over most of her body, with particularly serious wounds to her leg and head. Paramedics took her to Sacred Heart Community Health Centre in Chéticamp, and then airlifted to Queen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre in critical condition from the extreme blood loss she had suffered, but did not recover from the attack. Her interment was at Greenwood Cemetery in Owen Sound, Ontario.
There was speculation by wildlife experts that Taylor might have initiated contact by trying to feed coyotes or by disturbing a den with young. Various other proposed explanations were the coyotes might have been wolf crosses, rabid, immature, starving or protecting a carcass. None of these suggestions were subsequently borne out, causing a reassessment of potential risk to humans from coyote attacks. It was also thought by experts that Taylor may have inadvertently provoked a predation behaviour by running away, though a coyote may have been behind her when she was confronted by the oncoming ones.
As is standard practice when an animal remains at large after killing a human, wardens searched for the attacker animal in the vicinity, where five or six coyotes were believed to live. Taylor's mother issued a statement saying that her daughter would not have wanted her death to result in the extermination of the coyotes.
Hours after the incident, while the trail was closed to the public, a female coyote that acted aggressively was killed by a warden keeping watch at the washhouse location. Three other animals were killed within 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) of the Skyline trail after being caught in leg-hold traps before a large male weighing 42 pounds (19 kg) was similarly dispatched 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) away on November 14. Scientific investigation of the carcasses determined that three, including the first and last accounted for, were linked to the attack on Taylor by her blood on their coats and other forensic evidence. The large male coyote was found to have been both the dominant lead coyote photographed on the access road and the one found standing over Mitchell; coat markings in the photographs identified its carcass, which also contained pellets from the shotgun of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer who fired while at the scene. The dead coyotes not linked to the attack may have been pack-mates of the attackers. The large male and the female may have been a breeding pair, both were related to the other attack-implicated coyote.
In mid November, a coyote came up behind a couple walking in the park approaching so closely that the man hit it on the head with a walking stick. Park conservation managers and scientists opposed a general cull on the grounds that coyotes have the ability to reproduce quickly, and culling would be likely to have no impact, or the opposite of the desired effect. This reasoning assumes that animals removed from the local gene pool by a cull would have the same propensity to fear humans as those coyotes that avoided being caught and killed.  In April, Nova Scotia declared a $20 bounty on coyotes, but this did not apply within the park. Visitors were asked to report encounters with coyotes. Ten months after Taylor's death, a sixteen-year-old girl who went camping with her parents at Broad Cove in Ingonish, was bitten twice on the head by a coyote. A scientific study found that though usually unseen, coyotes were often in proximity to humans. Individual coyotes that are not conditioned by nonlethal aversion measures and fail to avoid humans are killed.
Taylor Mitchell Legacy TrustEdit
As a memorial, Taylor's mother established the Taylor Mitchell Legacy Trust, which has a partnership with the David Suzuki Foundation. The trust promotes community outreach for musical/creative expression as well as educating on habitat preservation, the balance between human and wildlife interaction in both natural and urban settings, as well as safety precautions.
For Your ConsiderationEdit
|For Your Consideration|
|Studio album by Taylor Mitchell|
Mitchell's only album For Your Consideration was released in March 2009. Guest musicians on the album included Justin Rutledge, Lynn Miles, Suzie Vinnick, John Dinsmore, and Michael Johnston. The album received a positive review from Exclaim!, with Eric Thom describing her as "definitively old school, if not world-weary", while Now Toronto described it as sounding "like it comes from someone of a completely different generation".
- "Don't Know How I Got Here" – 4:08
- "For Your Consideration" – 3:13
- "Clarity" – 4:18
- "Ride Into the Sunset" – 4:14
- "Fun While It Lasted" – 3:41
- "Diamonds & Rust" (Joan Baez)– 4:06
- "Trick of the Light" – 5:00
- "Secluded Roads" – 3:51
- "Shelter from the Storm" – 4:31
- "Love and Maple Syrup" (Gordon Lightfoot)– 3:18
- "Coyotes kill Toronto singer in Cape Breton". CBC.ca. October 28, 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- "CDbabay.com profile". Retrieved December 8, 2009.
- iTunes Store. "For Your Consideration". Retrieved December 8, 2009.
- Aulakh, Raveena (October 28, 2009). "Toronto singer killed by coyotes". The Star. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
- Boles, Benjamin (March 17, 2009). "Disc Review: Taylor Mitchell - For Your Consideration (Independent)". NOW Toronto. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
- "Coyotes kill Toronto singer". London Free Press. October 28, 2009. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
- "Toronto singer killed by coyotes". The Globe and Mail. October 28, 2009. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
- National Geographic Channel, Attack In The Wild: Coyote Mystery (documentary)
- Explore Magazine, February 22, 2010, When coyotes attack retrieved 1/9/14
- "Cape Breton coyote attack kills touring folk singer". CTV.ca. October 28, 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- "Coyote attack silences emerging Toronto talent". CBC.ca. October 28, 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
- Nova Scotia Canada (government)Frequently Asked Questions about Eastern Coyote in Nova Scotia retrieved 22/8/14
- CBC news, October 24, 2013, Coyotes are moose killers, study finds retrieved 24/8/14
- Cape Breton Post, October 29, 2009, Coyotes kill teen folk singer in Cape Breton park
- Royal Society Biology Letters,,September 23, 2009, Rapid adaptive evolution of northeastern coyotes via hybridization with wolves
- Explore magazine, 22Feb 2010, When coyotes attack
- Elizabeth Royte (February 8, 2008). "Canis Soup". Live Bravely Outside. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
- "Killed by Coyotes". Nat Geo Wild. February 18, 2011. Retrieved January 3, 2012.
- "Coyote attacks on humans extremely rare: Experts". The Gazette. October 28, 2009. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
- Alison Auld, Cape Breton News: Coyotes kill teen folk singer in Cape Breton park (local comments by local readers), last updated at 12:10 AM on October 29, 2009
- NYT, Nov1 2009, Mother of Canadian Singer Killed by Coyotes Asks That the Animals Be Spared
- Nature. May 16, 2012. Coyotes are the new top dogs
- Chronicle Herald, March 10, 2013 Coyotes, with some wolf on the side
- When coyotes attack
- Cape Breton Post Erin Pottie, August 11, 2010 Campers undeterred by coyote attack
- the star.com Canada, Parks Canada to launch study of aggressive Cape Breton coyotes
- the Star.com canada, Tue August 10, 2010, Teenage girl attacked by coyote as she slept in Cape Breton
- CTV news, January 9, 2012, Study launched to reduce coyote encounters in C.B. park Retrieved 25/814
- CBC news, July 25, 2012, Study shows coyotes stay close to people
- Taylor Mitchell Home, retrieved 30/8 14
- Thom, Eric (2009) "Taytlor Mitchell For Your Consideration", Exclaim!, June 2009. Retrieved August 2, 2013