Tawke Khan (Kazakh: Тәуке хан) (1635 – 1715, r. 1680 – 1715) was a Kazakh khan of the Kazakh khanate. In 1652 after the death of Jangir khan, the son of Khan Esim, the ruler of Jungars Batyr had strengthened the military pressure on Kazakh khanate. Eventually he died in 1670. Kaldan Boshakty replaced him (1670–1699, in some sources 1670–1697), who was later succeeded by Seban Rabtan (1699–1729).
The hardest time for kazakhs started from 1698. When kazakhs started the division into Juzes the ruling of kazakh became a complicated task. Tauke khan who remained the khan of all three Juzes, managed to keep the unity of kazakhs. In 1692 Tauke connected with Peter I of Russia. Eventually, the Russian Empire lowered the trade taxes (also known as bazh tax). In 1710 by uniting 3 juzes in the place Kuntobe (near the city of Tashkent), Tauke khan fought Jungars in the place named Augyr and gained a victory.
With Tauke Khan's death in 1715, the three "jüzes" of the Kazakh Khanate — the Great jüz, the Middle jüz and the Little jüz — were no longer able to pursue a unified political policy. Although Abulkhair Khan of the Little jüz was nominally the senior khan of the entire Kazakh Khanate, in practice each jüz was ruled independently by its own khan.
Tauke Khan is also known for refining the Kazakh code of laws, and reissuing it under the title "Жеті Жарғі" (transliterated, "Jeti Jarği" —"Seven Charters").
|Khan of the Kazakhs
- Erofeeva, 79.
- Erofeeva, 80–81.
- Viatkin, 154.
- Erofeeva, I. V. (2014). Epistoliarnoe nasledie kazakhskoi praviashchei elity, 1675–1821 godov. Almaty: Abdi co.
- Viatkin, M. P. (1947). Batyr Srym. Moscow: Akademiia Nauk SSSR.
- Kazakh Khanate is described in historical texts such as the Tarikh-i-Rashidi (1541–1545) by Muhammad Haidar Dughlat, and Zhamigi-at-Tavarikh (1598–1599) by Kadyrgali Kosynuli Zhalayir.
- Test materials for History of Kazakhstan