Tarsius

Tarsius is a genus of tarsiers, small primates native to islands of Southeast Asia. Until 2010, all tarsier species were typically assigned to this genus, but a revision of the family Tarsiidae restored the generic status of Cephalopachus and created a new genus Carlito for two species.[1]

Tarsius[1]
Temporal range: 48.6–0 Ma Eocene to recent
Tarsius sp. 1.jpg
Spectral tarsier
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Family: Tarsiidae
Genus: Tarsius
Storr, 1780
Type species
Lemur tarsier
Erxleben, 1777
Species

All members of Tarsius are found on Sulawesi or nearby islands from Indonesia and Philippines.

SpeciesEdit

Colin Groves and Myron Shekelle's 2010 revision of the family Tarsiidae recognized the following eight or nine extant species of Tarsius, being unsure as to whether T. pumilus was valid:

The following two species were described by Shekelle Groves, and colleagues in 2017:[2]

In 2019 another species was described by Shekelle and colleagues:[3]

As of 2018, Fossilworks also recognizes the following additional extinct species:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Groves, C.; Shekelle, M. (2010). "The Genera and Species of Tarsiidae". International Journal of Primatology. 31 (6): 1071–1082. doi:10.1007/s10764-010-9443-1.
  2. ^ Shekelle, Myron; Groves, Colin P.; Maryanto, Ibnu; Mittermeier, Russell A. (2017). "Two New Tarsier Species (Tarsiidae, Primates) and the Biogeography of Sulawesi, Indonesia" (PDF). Primate Conservation. 31: 61–69.
  3. ^ Myron Shekelle, Colin P. Groves, Ibnu Maryanto, Russell A. Mittermeier, Agus Salim und Mark S. Springer: A New Tarsier Species from the Togean Islands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, with References to Wallacea and Conservation on Sulawesi. Primate Conservation 2019 (33), 2019, S. 1–9 PDF
  4. ^ Tarsius Storr 1780 (tarsier) at fossilworks.org (retrieved November 24, 2018)
  5. ^ Beard, K. Christopher; Qi, Tao; Dawson, Mary R.; Wang, Banyue; Li, Chuankuei (1994). "A diverse new primate fauna from middle Eocene fissure-fillings in southeastern China". Nature. 368 (6472): 607. doi:10.1038/368604a0. PMID 8145845.
  6. ^ Chaimanee, Y.; Lebrun, R.; Yamee, C.; Jaeger, J.-J. (2010). "A new Middle Miocene tarsier from Thailand and the reconstruction of its orbital morphology using a geometric-morphometric method". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 278 (1714): 1956–1963. doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.2062. PMC 3107645. PMID 21123264.

External linksEdit