Tardebigge

Tardebigge[needs IPA] is a village in Worcestershire, England.

Tardebigge
St Bartholomew's Church - 2 - geograph.org.uk - 1353475.jpg
St Bartholomew's church
Tardebigge is located in Worcestershire
Tardebigge
Tardebigge
Location within Worcestershire
Population3,044 
OS grid referenceSP000690
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBROMSGROVE
Postcode districtB60
Dialling code01527
PoliceWest Mercia
FireHereford and Worcester
AmbulanceWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Worcestershire
52°19′19″N 2°00′25″W / 52.322°N 2.007°W / 52.322; -2.007Coordinates: 52°19′19″N 2°00′25″W / 52.322°N 2.007°W / 52.322; -2.007

The village is most famous for the Tardebigge Locks, a flight of 30 canal locks that raise the Worcester and Birmingham Canal over 220 feet (67 metres) over the Lickey Ridge. It lies in the county of Worcestershire, although it was also historically an exclave of Staffordshire or Warwickshire at different times in its history.

ToponymyEdit

The name Tærdebicga has no likely meaning in Old English or Celtic; Eilert Ekwall simply says it is 'unexplained'.[1]

HistoryEdit

Tardebigge was once a much greater township, which included much of Redditch, including the modern day town-centre. Its name was recorded twice in a will as Anglo-Saxon æt Tærdebicgan.

Records of the parish begin in the late 10th century. Tardebigge was bought by the Dean of Worcester for his Church from King Ethelred the Unready. In the later Dark Ages there were battles fought between Ethelred's son Edmund Ironside and the Cnut the Dane.

In the 12th century, the parish was granted to Bordesley Abbey, a Roman Catholic monastery. For three hundred years the area remained in the Church's possession. In 1538 the Roman Catholic Church was disestablished by King Henry VIII, and the area became the possession of The Crown, until under an arrangement with Henry, the possessions of Bordesley Abbey passed to Andrew Lord Windsor, and therefore to the stewardship of the Earl of Plymouth at adjacent Hewell Grange. The land was gradually managed and sold off by the Earl; it was not until the mid 19th century that the parish of Tardebigge began to dissolve and the modern boundaries began to appear.

St Bartholomew's ChurchEdit

The local parish church of St Bartholomew by Francis Hiorne of 1777 contains an impressive monument to Sir Thomas Cookes, 2nd Baronet, the benefactor of Worcester College, Oxford, as well as several monuments to the Earls of Plymouth who lived at adjacent Hewell Grange. Several members of the earls' families are buried in the cemetery of St Bartholomew's, including Robert George Windsor-Clive, 1st Earl of Plymouth, GBE, CB, PC (1857–1923) and his parents-in-law, Sir Augustus Berkeley Paget, GCB (1823–1896) and Walburga, Lady Paget (1839–1929), the diarist, writer and friend of Queen Victoria.

 
Tardebigge cemetery, Paget family plot
 
Tardebigge cemetery, Earl of Plymouth family plot

EconomyEdit

Worcester and Birmingham CanalEdit

The village contains the Tardebigge Locks, a flight of 36 canal locks that raise the Worcester and Birmingham Canal over 220 feet (67 metres) over the Lickey Ridge.

Building materialEdit

The area was well known for the manufacture of bricks during the 18th and 19th century. There is little industry in the village remaining, apart from minor canal narrow boat repairing works.

Fruit and ciderEdit

The area become predominately a fruit growing area until the end of the 20th century with the famous Tardebigge orchards supplying produce to the Birmingham conurbation. Most of these orchards were grubbed up in the 1970s and 1980s with the last orchard being removed in 2000, when cheaper imported fruit replaced the home grown produce. The only orchard planted recently is the small orchard of Tardebigge Cider.

Tardebigge Cider is a craft cider maker based in Tutnall, about a mile from the church. The cidermaker Steve Cooper planted a mixed orchard of traditional apple varieties of about 100 trees in 1995.[citation needed] The varieties are primarily Dabinett, Michelin, and Harry Masters Jersey with a few culinary varieties included along with some pears, Moorcroft and Worcester Black.[citation needed] The fruit from these trees and other Worcestershire fruit go to make about 1,000-1,500 gallons of high quality cider which is only sold locally.[citation needed]

Notable peopleEdit

 
John Vane (left) and Salvador Moncada in the 1960s

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ekwall, E (1985). The concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names (Fourth Edition (1960) ed.). Oxford: University Press Oxford. ISBN 0198691033.

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