Tale of Tales (1979 film)
Tale of Tales (Russian: Сказка сказок, Skazka skazok) is a 1979 Soviet/Russian animated film directed by Yuri Norstein and produced by the Soyuzmultfilm studio in Moscow. It has won numerous awards, has been acclaimed by critics and other animators, and has received the title of greatest animated film of all time in various polls. It has been the subject of a 2005 book by Clare Kitson titled Yuri Norstein and Tale of Tales: An Animator's Journey.
|Tale of Tales|
|Directed by||Yuri Norstein|
|Written by||Lyudmila Petrushevskaya|
|Music by||Mikhail Meyerovich|
Johann Sebastian Bach
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
|Edited by||Nadezhda Treshcheva|
|5 January 1979|
Tale of Tales, like Tarkovsky's Mirror, attempts to structure itself like a human memory. Memories are not recalled in neat chronological order; instead, they are recalled by the association of one thing with another, which means that any attempt to put memory on film cannot be told like a conventional narrative. The film is thus made up of a series of related sequences whose scenes are interspersed between each other. One of the primary themes involves war, with particular emphasis on the enormous losses the Soviet Union suffered on the Eastern Front during World War II. Several recurring characters and their interactions make up a large part of the film, such as the poet, the little girl and the bull, the little boy and the crows, the dancers and the soldiers, and especially the little grey wolf (Russian: се́ренький волчо́к, syeryenkiy volchok). Another symbol connecting nearly all of these different themes are green apples (which may symbolize life, hope, or potential). Yuri Norstein wrote in Iskusstvo Kino magazine that the film is "about simple concepts that give you the strength to live."
Music and poetryEdit
In addition to the original score composed by Mikhail Meyerovich, this film makes use of several other pieces of music. Excerpts from works by Bach (notably the E flat minor Prelude BWV 853 (from The Well-Tempered Clavier)) and Mozart (the Andante second movement from Piano Concerto No. 4 in G major, K41) are used, and the World War II era tango Weary Sun, written by Jerzy Petersburski, features prominently. However, the most important musical inspiration is the following traditional Russian lullaby, which is included in the film in both instrumental and vocal form.
Baby, baby, rock-a-bye
Many situations in the film actually derive from this lullaby, as well as the character of the little grey wolf. Indeed, the film's original title (rejected by the Soviet censors) was The Little Grey Wolf Will Come.
Стоим над водой -
Stoim nad vodoy -
We stand above the water -
- 1980—Lille (France) International Festival of Films: Jury Grand Prize
- 1980—Zagreb World Festival of Animated Films: Grand Prize
- 1980—Ottawa (Canada) International Animation Festival: Best Film Longer Than Three Minutes Award
- 1984—Los Angeles Olympic Arts Festival: voted by large international jury to be the greatest animated film of all time
- 2002—Zagreb World Festival of Animated Films: again voted by large international jury to be the greatest animated film of all time
|Director||Yuri Norstein (Ю́рий Норште́йн)|
|Writers||Lyudmila Petrushevskaya (Людми́ла Петруше́вская)
Yuri Norstein (Юрий Норштейн)
|Art Director||Franchesca Yarbusova (Франче́ска Ярбусова)|
|Animator||Yuri Norstein (Ю́рий Норште́йн)|
|Camera Operator||Igor Skidan-Bossin (И́горь Скидан-Босин)|
|Executive Producer||G. Kovrov (Г. Ковро́в)|
|Composer||Mikhail Meyerovich (Михаи́л Мееро́вич)|
|Sound Operator||Boris Filchikov (Бори́с Фильчико́в)|
|Script Editor||Natalya Abramova (Ната́лья Абрамова)|
|Voice Actor||Alexander Kalyagin (Алекса́ндр Каля́гин) as Little Grey Wolf|
|Film Editor||Nadezhda Treshcheva (Наде́жда Трещёва)|
In popular cultureEdit
- Byatt, AS (2005-04-16). "Sweet little mystery". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010-05-24.
- Malpas, Anna (April 8, 2005). "Teller of Tales". The Moscow Times. Archived from the original on September 10, 2005.
- Norstein, Yuri (February 2003). "Снег на траве". Iskusstvo Kino (in Russian). Archived from the original on January 19, 2004.
- Russian Madison | Новости русскоязычного Мэдисона | Article Archived 2007-01-23 at the Wayback Machine
- The Olympiad of Animation: An Interview With Fini Littlejohn
- Cartoon Brew: Leading the Animation Conversation » Lee Lennox’s “Girl and the Sea”
- Tale of Tales at the Animator.ru
- Book review of "Yuri Norstein and Tale of Tales: An Animator's Journey"
- Comparison of various DVDs containing the film (in Russian, but with helpful pictures)
- Tale of Tales at IMDb
- Tale of Tales at Rotten Tomatoes
- Tale of Tales at AllMovie
- on YouTube
- Tale of Tales with English subtitles