Taiwania 3 (Traditional Chinese (Taiwan): 台灣杉三號) is one of the supercomputers made by Taiwan,[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][excessive citations] and also the newest one (August, 2021). It is placed in the National Center for High-performance Computing[11] of NARLabs. There are 50,400 cores in total with 900 nodes,[12][10] using Intel Xeon Platinum 8280 2.4 GHz CPU (28 Cores/CPU)[10][13] and using CentOS as Operating System.[14] It is an open access for public supercomputer.[15][16] It is currently open access to scientists and more to do specific research after getting permission from Taiwan's National Center for High-performance Computing.[12][17][18][10][19] This is the third supercomputer of the Taiwania series. It uses CentOS x86_64 7.8 as its system operator and Slurm Workload Manager as workflow manager to ensure better performance. Taiwania 3 uses InfiniBand HDR100 100Gbit/s high speed Internet connection to ensure better performance of the supercomputer. The main memory capability is 192GB. There's currently two Intel Xeon Platinum 8280 2.4 GHz CPU (28 Cores/CPU) inside each node. The full calculation capability is 2.7PFLOPS.[20] It is launched into operation in November 2020 before schedule due to the needed for COVID-19.[5][18][21] It is currently ranked number 227 on Top 500 list of June, 2021[14] and number 80 on Green 500 list.[22] It is manufactured by Quanta Computer, Taiwan Fixed Network, and ASUS Cloud.[14][17][23][24]

Taiwania 3
台灣杉三號
Taiwania 3
Date inventedNovember of 2020
Invented byNational Center for High-performance Computing
Inventor TypeNational Agency
ManufacturerTaiwan Fixed Network, Quanta Computer, ASUS Cloud, NARLabs
IntroducedNovember of 2020
TypeSupercomputer
ProcessorIntel Xeon Platinum 8280 CPU
Frequency2.4GHz
Memory172800GB main
Slots24 slots per node
ConnectionNVIDIA Mellanox Interconnection
Ports4 ports / node
Power consumption165 warts per node
Speed2.7 quadrillion FLOPS
Image file describing Taiwania series of NCHC
This picture is Taiwania 3 shot by NARLabs of Taiwan.

Capability and specifications edit

 
This device is made and owned by Taiwan government.

This supercomputer's Rmax is 2297.6 TFLOPS, with Rpeak at 4354.6 TFLOPS[14] and Nmax at 4,354,560,[14] costing 563.85 kW.[14] The housing is mainly designed and manufactured by ASUS Cloud,[10][18][21] which has experiences on constructing supercomputer housing and storage device housing[25] The hardware is provided by Quanta Computer, which mainly manufactures servers.

Software edit

Software details are listed below (all data are according to Top 500 and NCHC):

  • Operating system : CentOS x86_64 7.8[26]
  • Workload manager : Slurm Workload Manager[27]
  • Compiler : Intel Parallel Studio XE Composer Edition for Fortran and C++ Linux 2020 Update 4
  • Math library : Intel Math Kernel Library for Linux 2020 Update 4
  • MPI : Intel MPI Library for Linux 2019 Update 9
 
Taiwania 3 of Taiwan join Tech V 2.0

Hardware edit

Hardware details are listed below (all data are according to Top 500 and NCHC):

Hardware basically uses :
QuantaPlex T42D-2U (4-Node) Dense Memory Multi-node Compute Server
manufactured by Quanta Computer.[32]
Operating temperature: 5 °C to 35 °C (41 °F to 95 °F), operating relative humidity: 20% to 85%RH. It has two processors per node.[32]
The Intel Xeon CPU and memory mentioned above is inside it.

Speed edit

Speed details are listed below.

  • Rpeak : 4354.6 TeraFLOPS
  • Rmax : 2297.6 TeraFLOPS

P.S. This machine relies on CPU to calculate.[33]

Accessibility edit

 
This is the logo of iService

Taiwania series have always been available for everybody access through iService and pay according to their requested time and CPUs and GPUs.

Films involved edit

Seqalu movie was filmed in collaboration with TWCC, a national service provided by Taiwan. TWCC includes enormous calculation resource provided by Taiwania supercomputer series. Taiwania 3 is one of the resource providers of the film. The programmers at National Centers for High-performance Computing of Taiwan designed the algorithms used in the simulations such as arrows and guns firing.

Taiwanese Environment Evaluation Contributions edit

The system operates under NCHC, NARLabs, which means it is part of the Taiwanese government. It contributes to the federal analytics by assisting on combining the information generated by the miscellaneous equipment all around Taiwan. It also help via combining the LIDAR, visual camera, DSM, and more together to form a map during disasters. Moreover, it constructs 3D visualizations for the Taiwanese government along with other supercomputers to assist on rescue, research, training, decision making, mapping, and more.[34]

Biology and medication edit

Taiwania 3 is a supercomputer aimed to help the biomedical development.[35] Taiwania 3 supercomputer was meant to help scientists find a solution to the COVID-19 pandemic.[36][37][38] It has also been connected to the Taiwanese biological laboratories and their data base. The laboratories must reach a certain level in order to make contact with the system.[39]

 
Taiwania 3 supercomputer renting price calculation

History edit

2019 edit

In 2019, the NCHC started project on Taiwania 3 construction...[40][41]

2020 edit

2021 edit

  • May 2021
    outbreak of COVID-19 in Taiwan started[44][45]
  • June 2021
    Taiwania 3 grandly activates officially.
  • July 3 of 2021
    Tech V2.0 Coronavirus project last registration date.[46][43]
    note that the deadline has been moved to 8/31[47]
  • September 2021
    unveiled collaboration to film Seqalu.[48][44]

Architecture edit

Taiwania 3 Supercomputer is a CPU-based supercomputer, with about fifty thousand cores of Intel Xeon CPUs. This supercomputer uses Linux as OS, just like any other Top 500 supercomputers. More information about supercomputer architecture, visit here!

Comparison with other Taiwania supercomputers edit

Taiwania series is a family of supercomputers made by Taiwan during 21st century.

Taiwania 2 supercomputer, a GPU machine also made by the NCHC of Taiwan, has a capability of 9 PetaFLOPS, nearly 4 times greater compared with the 2.2 ~ 2.7 PetaFLOPS of Taiwania 3 (which uses mainly CPUs, just like Taiwania 1). The main difference between Taiwania 2 and 3 are the main calculators and objectives. Taiwania 2 is a GPU machine learning usage supercomputer, whereas Taiwania 3 is a CPU computing device for general scientific research usage. They are very different from head to toe.

Compare with Taiwania 2, Taiwania 3 is more alike with the Taiwania 1 supercomputer also of Taiwan. They both uses CPU architecture and are both more open access to the public (August, 2021). These two supercomputers both uses Intel CPUs to perform calculations. Their main difference is the capacity of the two supercomputers.[49] These three supercomputers are all currently part of iService systems and partially TWCC computing systems, though Taiwania 3 was to replace Taiwania 1. The new replacement will be Taiwania 4, a CPU HPC which will replace the retiring Taiwania 1 when finished.[50]

Taiwania 3 is a CPU supercomputer made by Taiwan. It has total capacity of 2.2 PetaFLOPS according to NCHC of Taiwan. It is a 21st-century HPC, meaning that it uses "Multitasking" to perform high performance computations. Other than using NVIDIA GPUs to boost capacity, this system uses Intel Xeon CPUs to calculate, making it closer to our regular life programming (but still a little bit different). Because it's using CPUs, the overall capacity on Machine learning is not as good as NVIDIA GPU Machine learning systems[51][52][53][54]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Asia, DigiTimes. "TWCC of Taiwan". DigiTimes Asia.
  2. ^ news.tw, Taiwan (14 November 2018). "Taiwania 2 ranked as 20th-most powerful supercomputer in world | Taiwan News | 2018-11-14 14:54:00". Taiwan News.
  3. ^ a b c "Taiwania 3 Supercomputer Powered by QCT Paves the Future of AI | QCT". 15 August 2021. Retrieved 2 December 2023.
  4. ^ Tu, Melody (May 31, 2019). "TAIWANIA 2 Supercomputer, Powered by NVIDIA, Comes Online | NVIDIA Blog". The Official NVIDIA Blog.
  5. ^ a b c d "MOST Launches New Supercomputer to Help in Battle Against Coronavirus". www.icrt.com.tw.
  6. ^ "Taiwania 3 Supercomputer by Taiwan".
  7. ^ "Taiwan launches new supercomputer to aid in fight against COVID-19 – Focus Taiwan". focustaiwan.tw.
  8. ^ "COVID-19: Supercomputer to support research on the pandemic – Taipei Times". www.taipeitimes.com. June 10, 2021.
  9. ^ "Editorial: Chip companies can help vaccine progress". www.worldakkam.com.
  10. ^ a b c d e "超級電腦-國家高速網路與計算中心". www.nchc.org.tw.
  11. ^ "國家高速網路與計算中心". www.nchc.org.tw.
  12. ^ a b "國網中心-計算資源服務網".
  13. ^ "Supercomputer-National Center for High-performance Computing". www.nchc.org.tw.
  14. ^ a b c d e f "Taiwania 3 – QCT QuantaPlex T42D-2U/4N, Xeon Platinum 8280 28C 2.7GHz, InfiniBand HDR 100 | TOP500". www.top500.org.
  15. ^ "「科技抗疫2.0」邀請各界一起加入抗疫行列 台灣杉三號啟用以支援抗疫專案". www.narlabs.org.tw. June 8, 2021.
  16. ^ "Taiwan launched a new supercomputer". opengovasia. com.
  17. ^ a b ""Anti-Pandemic Technology 2.0" Calls on Efforts from All Disciplines. Taiwania 3 Joins in Combatting the Outbreak". www.narlabs.org.tw. June 8, 2021.
  18. ^ a b c "「科技抗疫2.0」邀請各界一起加入抗疫行列 台灣杉三號啟用以支援抗疫專案-國家高速網路與計算中心". www.nchc.org.tw.
  19. ^ "National Center for High Performance Computing | TOP500". www.top500.org.
  20. ^ Image nchc.org.tw
  21. ^ a b "科技抗疫2.0 提案徵求影片" – via www.youtube.com.
  22. ^ "Green500 List – June 2021 | TOP500". www.top500.org.
  23. ^ "登入或註冊即可查看". zh-tw.facebook.com.
  24. ^ "Taiwania 3 supercomputer – Google Search". www.google.com.
  25. ^ "ASUS Cloud 私有雲端儲存|華碩雲端企業儲存空間服務推薦". ASUS Cloud --- Digital Transformation, IoT, Cloud, Big Data and Analytics.
  26. ^ "The CentOS Project". www.centos.org.
  27. ^ "Slurm Workload Manager – Download Slurm". slurm.schedmd.com.
  28. ^ "Intel CD8069504228001 Xeon Platinum 8280 – 28-Core – 2.4 GHz – LGA-3647 Processor | Exxact". www.exxactcorp.com.
  29. ^ "Amazon.com: Intel Xeon Platinum 8280 Processor 28 Core 2.70GHZ 39MB 205W CPU CD8069504228001 (OEM Tray Processor) : Electronics". www.amazon.com.
  30. ^ "NVIDIA Networking Store | InfiniBand". store.mellanox.com.
  31. ^ "NVIDIA Mellanox InfiniBand Adapters". NVIDIA.
  32. ^ a b "QuantaPlex". qct.io.
  33. ^ "國研院國網中心". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2021-10-02.
  34. ^ "地理空間設施在臺灣的發展" (PDF). ezsign.gis.tw.
  35. ^ a b "Taiwan activates supercomputers to support biomedical science research on the pandemic". www.biospectrumasia.com. Retrieved 2 December 2023.
  36. ^ ""Anti-Pandemic Technology 2.0" Calls on Efforts from All Disciplines. Taiwania 3 Joins in Combatting the Outbreak".
  37. ^ "科技抗疫2.0專案開跑 號召各界提案7月底截止 | 科技". 中央社 CNA. 8 June 2021. Retrieved 2 December 2023.
  38. ^ "International Manufacturers Respond to NCHC in Combatting Pandemic QIAGEN, SCM, and MongoDB Join with Taiwan Supercomputer to Speed up Anti-COVID R&D".
  39. ^ "NCHC unveiled connection with several research agencies". www.facebook.com.
  40. ^ "NCHC 2019 Report" (PDF). nchc.gov.tw.
  41. ^ "Taiwania 3 launched before schedule to help fight COVID-19". twitter.com.
  42. ^ "'Tech v Virus 2.0' : Supercomputer Taiwania 3 activated to support research on the pandemic".
  43. ^ a b "御守臺灣•科技抗疫專案". 御守臺灣•科技抗疫專案Wecanhelp. Retrieved 2 December 2023.
  44. ^ a b "Doses, Distance, and Data: The Road to Safe Travel". topic.amcham.com.tw. 16 July 2021.
  45. ^ "🇹🇼 COVID-19 outbreak and statistics". Google.com.
  46. ^ "科技抗疫2.0 - 國網中心全力支援免費算力和大數據做研發後盾". DIGITIMES. Retrieved 2 December 2023.
  47. ^ "NCHC declared that the expiration date is 8/31". Facebook.
  48. ^ "NCHC official declaration on collaboration". Facebook.
  49. ^ "NCHC Official Declaration". NCHC.
  50. ^ "【國研院國網中心澄清稿】台灣杉四號超級電腦非因建構台版對話引擎用途而升級建置". NCHC official news. 6 April 2023.
  51. ^ "What's the Difference Between a CPU and a GPU?". blogs.nvidia.com. 17 December 2009.
  52. ^ "Difference between CPU and GPU". www.geeksforgeeks.org. 6 June 2019.
  53. ^ "How to Combine the Processing Power of Two (or more) Computers". cgdirector.com. 3 August 2021.
  54. ^ How It Works 知識大圖解 當代科技大圖解 (in Chinese) (2018.04 first edition, third print on 2019.07 ed.).   Republic of China: 希伯崙公司. 2018. p. 150~152. ISBN 978-986-441-224-2.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location (link)