Taiwan Army of Japan
|Taiwan Army of Japan|
|Active||August 20, 1919 - September 22, 1944|
|Country||Empire of Japan|
|Branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
Following the First Sino-Japanese War, the Treaty of Shimonoseki transferred control of Taiwan from Qing dynasty China to the Empire of Japan. The Japanese government established the Governor-General of Taiwan based in Taipei. The Governor-General of Taiwan was given control of local military forces on 20 August 1919, which formed the nucleus of the Taiwan Army of Japan.
Primarily a garrison force, the Japanese Taiwan Army was placed under control of the Shanghai Expeditionary Army at the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937. A component of the Taiwan Army, the Taiwan Independent Combined Brigade, was active in numerous campaigns on the Chinese mainland, and was later expanded into the 48th Infantry Division. Troops from this army were also involved in the Nanjing Massacre.
Towards the end of World War II, as the situation looked increasingly desperate for Japan, the Taiwan Army was merged with several other units garrisoning the island of Taiwan against possible Allied invasion, and the Taiwan Army was absorbed into the new Japanese Tenth Area Army on 22 September 1944, under which it formed the Taiwan District Army on 1 February 1945, but its command was directly by the Japanese 10th Area Army.
List of commandersEdit
|1||General Jiro Akashi||20 August 1919||26 October 1919|
|2||General Goro Shiba||1 December 1919||4 May 1921|
|3||Lieutenant General Heitaro Fukuda||4 May 1921||6 August 1923|
|4||General Soroku Suzuki||6 August 1923||20 August 1924|
|5||Lieutenant General Takaichi Kanno||20 August 1924||28 July 1926|
|6||Lieutenant General Kunishige Tanaka||28 July 1926||10 August 1928|
|7||General Takashi Hishikari||10 August 1928||3 June 1930|
|8||General Jotaro Watanabe||3 June 1930||1 August 1931|
|9||Lieutenant General Saburo Hayashi||1 August 1931||9 January 1932|
|10||General Nobuyuki Abe||9 January 1932||1 August 1933|
|11||General Iwane Matsui||1 August 1933||1 August 1934|
|12||Field Marshal Count Hisaichi Terauchi||1 August 1934||2 December 1935|
|13||Lieutenant General Heisuke Yanagawa||2 December 1935||1 August 1936|
|14||Field Marshal Shunroku Hata||1 August 1936||2 August 1937|
|15||Lieutenant General Mikio Tsutsumi||2 August 1937||8 September 1938|
|16||Lieutenant General Tomou Kodama||8 September 1938||1 December 1939|
|17||Lieutenant General Mitsuru Ushijima||1 December 1939||2 December 1940|
|18||Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma||2 December 1940||6 November 1941|
|19||General Rikichi Ando||6 November 1941||17 September 1945|
Chief of staffEdit
|1||Major General Koichiro Soda||20 August 1919||25 February 1921|
|2||Major General Kojiro Satoi||25 February 1921||4 February 1924|
|3||Major General Kinzo Watanabe||4 February 1924||26 July 1927|
|4||Major General Nenosuke Sato||26 July 1927||24 April 1930|
|5||Major General Takeshi Kosugi||24 April 1930||11 April 1932|
|6||Major General Yoshishige Shimizu||11 April 1932||18 March 1933|
|7||Major General Kennosuke Otsuka||18 March 1933||22 January 1934|
|8||Major General Sumei Kuwaki||22 January 1934||1 August 1935|
|9||Lieutenant General Ryuhei Ogisu||1 August 1935||1 March 1937|
|10||Major General Masataka Hata||1 March 1937||19 February 1938|
|11||Lieutenant General Hisaichi Tanaka||19 February 1938||8 September 1938|
|12||Major General Kazuo Otsu||15 October 1938||9 March 1940|
|13||Lieutenant General Mikio Uemura||9 March 1940||1 March 1941|
|14||Lieutenant General Takaji Wachi||1 March 1941||20 February 1942|
|15||Lieutenant General Shichiro Higuchi||20 February 1942||29 October 1943|
|16||Lieutenant General Shinpachi Kondo||29 October 1943||8 July 1944|
|17||Lieutenant General Haruki Isayama||8 July 1944||17 September 1945|
- "Taiwan - Taiwan as part of the Japanese empire". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-11-22.
The Taiwanese worked in Japan’s defense and war-related industries in Taiwan and in other ways abetted Japan’s war efforts. Many Taiwanese served in the Japanese military, including units that fought in China. Taiwanese troops even participated in the atrocities against Chinese civilians at Nanjing (Nanking) and other places on the mainland. Of the Taiwanese who served in the Japanese military, more than 30,000 were killed in combat.
- Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW.
- Wendel, Marcus. "Axis History Factbook". Taiwan Army.