Tahir ibn Muslim

Tahir ibn Muslim was the first Husaynid emir, or sharif, of Medina.

He was the son of Abu Ja'far Muslim, a descendant in the ninth generation of Husayn ibn Ali. Abu Ja'far had migrated to Egypt from Medina, where the Husaynid line was prominent, and became an important figure at the court of the Ikhshidids and later the Fatimids.[1]

Sometime shortly after his father's death in 976/7, Tahir returned to Medina, where he was quickly recognized by the rest of the Husaynids as their leader. He initially recognized the Abbasid caliph al-Ta'i, but the Fatimid caliph al-Aziz Billah sent an army which forced him to shift his allegiance to the Fatimids instead.[2]

He remained as ruler of Medina until he died in 992, being succeeded by his son al-Hasan.[3] Tahir's line was deposed and replaced by a collateral Husaynid line in 1007, led by Da'ud in al-Qasim.[3]


  1. ^ Mortel 1991, pp. 64–66.
  2. ^ Mortel 1991, pp. 66–67.
  3. ^ a b Mortel 1991, p. 67.


  • Mortel, Richard T. (1991). "The Origins and Early History of the Husaynid Amirate of Madīna to the End of the Ayyūbid Period". Studia Islamica. 74 (74): 63–78. doi:10.2307/1595897. JSTOR 1595897.
Tahir ibn Muslim
Political offices
New title Sharif of Medina
(under the Fatimid Caliphate)

c. 976 – 992
Succeeded by