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Tabanus nigrovittatus, also known as the greenhead horse fly, salt marsh greenhead, or simply the greenhead fly, greenhead or greenfly, is a species of biting horse-fly commonly found around coastal marshes of the Eastern United States. The biting females are a considerable pest to both humans and animals while they seek a source of blood protein to produce additional eggs.[1] Females live for three to four weeks and may lay about 100 to 200 eggs per blood meal.[2]

Tabanus nigrovittatus
Greenhead Horse-Fly, cropped.jpg
Greenhead Horse-Fly
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Tabanidae
Genus: Tabanus
Species: T. nigrovittatus
Binomial name
Tabanus nigrovittatus
Macquart, 1847

Tabanus allynii Marten, 1883
Tabanus contactus Walker, 1850
Tabanus floridanus Szilady, 1926
Tabanus fulvilineis Philip, 1958
Tabanus simulans Walker, 1848

Affected coastal communities install black box traps in marsh areas to reduce and control T. nigrovittatus populations.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Hansens, Elton; Race, Stuart. "The Greenhead and You". Rutgers Equine Science Center. Rutgers. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  2. ^ Stubbs, A. & Drake, M. (2001). British Soldierflies and their Allies.
  3. ^ Graves, Annie. "Greenhead Flies | What are Greenheads?". Yankee Magazine. New England Network. Retrieved 6 July 2017.