T. Gwynn Jones

Professor Thomas Gwynn Jones C.B.E. (10 October 1871 – 7 March 1949), more widely known as T. Gwynn Jones, was a leading Welsh poet, scholar, literary critic, novelist, translator, and journalist who did important work in Welsh literature, Welsh education, and the study of Welsh folk tales in the first half of the twentieth century.[1] He was also an accomplished translator into Welsh of works from English, German, Greek, and Irish.


Professor T. Gwynn Jones
T. Gwynn Jones (1871–1949) (gcf02648).jpg
Anonymous portrait of T. Gwynn Jones in the National Library of Wales
Born
Thomas Jones

10 October 1871
Y Gwyndy Uchaf, Betws-yn-Rhos, Denbighshire, Wales
Died7 March 1949(1949-03-07) (aged 77)
Willow Lawn, Caradoc Road, Aberystwyth, Cardiganshire, Wales
Other namesGwynvre ap Iwan
OccupationJournalist, librarian, academic and poet
Notable work
Ymadawiad Arthur
TitleEmeritus Professor of Celtic
Spouse(s)Margaret Jane Davies
ChildrenEluned, Arthur ap Gwynn, Llywelyn
Parent(s)Isaac Jones and Jane Roberts
AwardsNational Eisteddfod Chair (1902 and 1905), D.Litt (Wales) (1937), D.Litt (Eire) (1937), C.B.E. (1937)

Personal lifeEdit

Thomas Jones was born at Y Gwyndy Uchaf in Betws-yn-Rhos, Denbighshire, Wales, the eldest son of Isaac Jones and Jane Roberts. He was educated in Denbigh and Abergele. In 1899 he married Margaret Jane Davies, the daughter of Thomas Davies of Denbigh, by whom he had three children.

CareerEdit

In 1890 he was a sub-editor on the Welsh-language newspaper Baner ac Amserau Cymru (Y Faner). He wrote a famous biography of the great Liberal publisher Thomas Gee, whose work influenced Jones throughout his life. After many years as a journalist, Jones worked at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, and later as a lecturer in the Welsh department at the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, where he became a professor in 1919.

He won the Chair at the National Eisteddfod of Wales in Bangor in 1902 for his ode, Ymadawiad Arthur. His major work was an edition of the fifteenth-century poet, Tudur Aled.

A strong opponent of the First World War, Jones walked out of the Tabernacle Chapel in Aberystwyth when the minister offered a prayer for a British victory in the war. He later wrote "If there's anything I understand from the New Testament, it is that Jesus Christ is not a militaristic person. He is the Saviour of the world, he is the Prince of Peace. Therefore those who say they are Christians, followers of Christ must reject war totally."[2]

He was awarded CBE in the 1937 Coronation Honours. [3]

InfluenceEdit

T. Gwynn Jones's writings had a significant influence on Robert Graves in his mythopoeic study The White Goddess. Graves developed his suggestion of a distinction between the restricted poetry of the official Welsh bards, and the more expansive and fanciful unofficial Welsh writings: "The tales and Romances, on the other hand, are full of colour and incident; even characterzation is not absent from them...imagination".[4]

Published worksEdit

 
Cover of Ymadawiad Arthur a Chaniadau Eraill, a collection of poems in Welsh by T. Gwynn Jones (Caernarfon, 1910).
  • Astudiaethau (1936)
  • (trans.), Awen y Gwyddyl (1922) – translated Irish poetry.
  • Bardism and Romance (1914)
  • Beirniadaeth a Myfyrdod (1935)
  • (trans.), Blodau o Hen Ardd (1927) – translated Greek epigrams.
  • Brethyn Cartref (1913)
  • Brithgofion (1944)
  • Caniadau (1934)
  • Cofiant Thomas Gee (1913)
  • Cymeriadau (1933)
  • Y Dwymyn (1944)
  • Dyddgwaith (1937)
  • Eglwys y Dyn Tlawd (1892)
  • Emrys ap Iwan. Cofiant (1912)
  • (trans.), Faust by Goethe (1922)
  • Gwedi Brad a Gofid (1898)
  • (ed.) Gwaith Tudur Aled, 2 vols., (1926)
  • Gwlad y Gân a cherddi eraill (1902)
  • John Homer (1923)
  • Lona (1923)
  • Llenyddiaeth Y Cymry (1915)
  • Rhieingerddi'r Gogynfeirdd (1915)
  • (trans.) Visions of the Sleeping Bard (1940)
  • Welsh Folklore and Welsh Folk-custom (1930)[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Gwyndaf, Robin (1981), "A Classic of Welsh Folklore Reissued", Folklore, 92: 190, doi:10.1080/0015587x.1981.9716205, JSTOR 1259472
  2. ^ Shipton, Martin (30 December 2014), "The First World War, pacifism, and the cracks in Wales' Nonconformism movement", WalesOnline, retrieved 9 December 2019
  3. ^ "No. 34396". The London Gazette (Supplement). 11 May 1937. p. 3089.
  4. ^ Quoted in Graves, Robert (1997), The White Goddess, Manchester, pp. 14–15

External linksEdit