Swayambhuva Manu

Swayambhuva Manu (Sanskrit: स्वयम्भुव मनु) is the first of the fourteen Manus.[1][2][3][4][5][6] He was the Mānasaputra of Brahma and the husband of Shatarupa.[7][8] He divided the Vedas into four sections.[9] He was residing in the planet called Brahmavartha whose capital was Barhismati.[10]

Swayambhuva Manu
Personal information
ConsortShatarupa
ChildrenPriyavrata
Uttanapada
veer
Akuti
Devahuti
Prasuti

Birth and family backgroundEdit

In Hinduism, Brahma is the god of creation. The creation of Svayambhuva Manu and Shatarupa from the body of Brahma.[11][12] It is mentioned in the Shiva Purana,

[...] O sage, I [Brahma] split myself into two having assumed two forms. One half had the form of a woman and the other half that of a man.[note 1] He then created in her a couple, the means of excellent nature. The man was Svayambhuva Manu, the greatest of the means (of creation). The woman was Satarupa, a Yogini, an ascetic woman.

— Shiva Purana, Section 2.1, Chapter 16, verses 10-12[11]

According to the Bhagavata Purana,

While he was thus absorbed in contemplation and was observing the supernatural power, two other forms were generated from his body. They are still celebrated as the body of Brahma. Out of them, the one who had the male form became known as the Manu named Svayambhuva, and the woman became known as Satarupa, the queen of the great soul Manu.

— Bhagavata Purana, 3.12.52[12]

Swayambhuva Manu married Shatarupa. He had two sons named Priyavrata and Uttanapada, and three daughters named Akuti, Devahuti and Prasuti.[13] Manu married his first daughter Akuti to Rishi Ruci, his middle daughter Devahuti to Rishi Kardama and his youngest daughter Prasuti to Prajapati Daksha.[14]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Śiva-purāṇa speaks of Brahmā splitting his body into two parts, the male and female, identified as Manu and Śatarūpā. Cp. Matsya-purāṇa (‘A Study’ by V. S. Agrawal) 3.31.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Teachings of Lord Caitanya (Third Edition): The Golden Avatara. The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust. pp. 109\u2013. ISBN 978-91-7149-730-7.
  2. ^ Motilal Banarsidass (1955-01-01). Brahma Purana - Parts I - IV. pp. 29 (3.4-7).
  3. ^ J.L.Shastri (1951). Linga Purana - English Translation - Part 1 of 2. pp. 24 (7.22-28).
  4. ^ N.A (1950). THE SKANDA-PURANA PART. 2. MOTILAL BANARSIDASS PUBLISHERS PVT. LTD, DELHI. pp. 45 (5.71-25).
  5. ^ N.A (1951). THE SKANDA-PURANA PART. 7. MOTILAL BANARSIDASS PUBLISHERS PVT. LTD, DELHI. pp. 317 (25.22-24).
  6. ^ Swayambhuva Manu - The First Manu, Indian Mythology (by ApamNapat), www.apamnapat.com
  7. ^ Devi Bhagavata Purana by Swami Vijñanananda [Book 10], Chapter 1 - On the story of Svāyambhuva Manu, www.wisdomlib.org
  8. ^ The Agni Purana by N. Gangadharan, Chapter 18 - Genealogy of Svāyambhuva Manu, www.wisdomlib.org
  9. ^ Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index, www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de
  10. ^ SWAYAMBHUVA MANU – HISTORY AS A MAHAJANA – DIARY!
  11. ^ a b The Shiva Purana by J. L. Shastri, Section 2.1, Chapter 16 - Description of the Creation (10-12)
  12. ^ a b "Bhagavata Purana, Book 3: Chapter 12". Vedabase.
  13. ^ Dipavali Debroy, Bibek Debroy (1992). The Garuda Purana. p. 136. ″Manu and Shatarupa had two sons named Priyavrata and Uttanapada and three daughters named Prasuti, Akuti and Devahuti."
  14. ^ Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (Bhāgavata Purāṇa), Canto 4: The Creation of the Fourth Order, Chapter One, Genealogical Table of the Daughters of Manu

External linksEdit