Shatarupa (Sanskrit: शतरूपा, romanized: Śatarūpā, lit. 'she of a hundred forms') is the daughter of the creator deity, Brahma. According to Brahma Purana, Shatarupa is regarded as the first woman to be created by Brahma, marrying Manu, the first man. Their descendants are called manushya, the Sanskrit term for mankind.
The Bhagavata Purana mentions the birth of Shatarupa, and her marriage to Manu:
"While he was thus absorbed in contemplation and was observing the supernatural power, two other forms were generated from his body. They are still celebrated as the body of Brahmā."— Bhagavata Purana 3.12.52
"The two newly separated bodies united together in a sexual relationship."— Bhagavata Purana 3.12.53
"Out of them, the one who had the male form became known as the Manu named Svāyambhuva, and the woman became known as Śatarūpā, the queen of the great soul Manu."— Bhagavata Purana 3.12.52
Shatarupa marries Svayambhuva, and the couple had five children — two sons, Priyavrata and Uttānapāda, and three daughters, Ākūti, Devahūti, and Prasuti. Manu handed over his first daughter Ākūti to the sage Ruci, the middle daughter, Devahūti, to the Prajapati Kardama, and the youngest, Prasūti, to Daksha.
See also Edit
- Air Marshal RK Nehra. Hinduism & Its Military Ethos. Lancer Publishers LLC. ″In Puranas, there is reference to a self created daughter of Brahma called Shatarupa (literally meaning hundred forms)."
- The Brahma Purana declares: "To continue with Creation, Brahma gave form to a Man and a Woman. The man was Swayambhu Manu and the Woman was named Shatrupa. Humans are descended from Manu, that is the reason they are known as Manusya or Manavas."
- www.wisdomlib.org (29 January 2017). "Manushya, Manusya, Manuṣya, Manuṣyā: 26 definitions". www.wisdomlib.org. Retrieved 28 October 2022.
- "Bhagavata Purana, Book 3: Chapter 12". Vedabase.
- Wilson, John (1877). Indian Caste. Times of India Office. p. 428. ISBN 978-0-524-09449-5.
- Dipavali Debroy, Bibek Debroy (1992). The Garuda Purana. p. 136. ″Manu and Shatarupa had two sons named Priyavrata and Uttanapada and three daughters named Prasuti, Akuti and Devahuti."