The Sunrise Party (太陽の党, Taiyō no Tō, literally "Party of the Sun", SP), formerly known as the Sunrise Party of Japan (たちあがれ日本, Tachiagare Nippon, literally "Rise up, Japan!", SPJ), was a conservative and nationalist political party in Japan. The SPJ was formed on 10 April 2010 by five Japanese lawmakers and parliamentarians, four former members of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and an independent politician. It was named by the then-Tokyo Metropolitan Governor Shintarō Ishihara who supported the action. At its inception, the party described itself as an "anti-DPJ, non-LDP" political force.
|President||Shintaro Ishihara &|
|Councillors leader||Takao Fujii|
|Founded||10 April 2010|
|Dissolved||17 November 2012|
|Split from||Liberal Democratic Party|
|Merged into||Japan Restoration Party|
|Colours||Red and blue|
When the party was founded in 2010 as "Tachiagare Nippon" – the Sunrise Party of Japan. It was named by Shintaro Ishihara, who was then still governor of Tokyo. In 2012, after Ishihara stepped down as governor and announced he would form a new party he renamed the party "The Sunrise Party". The Japanese name of the party, "Taiyō no Tō", literally translates as "party of the sun", and is taken from Ishihara's novel Season of the Sun. Some other proposed names had included "Nippon Kaishin Tō" (Japan reform and progress party) and "Reimei" (Dawn).
2010–2011 arrivals and departuresEdit
Yoshio Nakagawa belonged to the party but did not contest his Hokkaidō seat in the 2010 House of Councillors election, and ran instead on the party's national proportional list. Toranosuke Katayama won the party's only proportional seat in this election. LDP Councillor Kyōko Nakayama (proportional, up in 2013) had joined the party in June 2010 together with her husband Nariaki Nakayama, a former LDP Representative.
In October 2012, when Ishihara stepped down as Tokyo governor and announced that he would set up a new national political party, it was expected that he would form it with members of the Sunrise party. When announced by co-leaders Ishihara and Hiranuma in mid-November, 2012, The Sunrise Party incorporated all five members of the SPJ. The SP looked to form a coalition with other small parties including Osaka Mayor Tōru Hashimoto's Japan Restoration Party for possibly impending elections. On 13 November, Ishihara stated that: "Taiyō no Tō is only a part of the process. We will definitely form a coalition before the [lower house] election. I don't mind if [our party] is absorbed [into the alliance] and vanishes".
Aborted merger with Genzei NipponEdit
On 15 November 2012, Ishihara and Takashi Kawamura of the Nagoya-based Genzai Nippon (Tax Reduction Party). announced that they would merge. The following day Ishihara had a meeting with Hashimoto and decided to unilaterally cancel the plans for the Genzai Nippon merger. Kawamura was disappointed but said he would continue to seek a merger with Ishihara's group.
Merger with Japan Restoration PartyEdit
On 17 November 2012, Ishihara and Hashimoto decided to merge their parties, with Ishihara becoming the head of the Japan Restoration Party. Your Party would not join the party, nor would Genzei Nippon, as the latter party's anti-consumption tax increase policy does not match the JRP's pro-consumption tax policy.
|No.||Name||Term of office|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|Split from: Liberal Democratic Party|
|10 April 2010||13 January 2011|
|2||Takeo Hiranuma||13 January 2011||13 November 2012|
|13 November 2012||19 November 2012|
|13 November 2012||19 November 2012|
|Successor party: Restoration Party|
- Tachiagare Nippon: Party members in the national Diet, prefectural and local assemblies
- Note: In the House of Councillors, the party forms a joint parliamentary group with the Liberal Democratic Party since January 2012.
- "Tokyo governor quits post, would launch nationalist party". Boston Globe. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "New political party to be named 'Tachiagare Nippon' (Stand up Japan)" Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "The Sunrise Party of Japan Mulls Conservative Alliances". PanOrient News. Tokyo. 26 May 2010. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
- Johnston, Eric, "Nippon Ishin no Kai: Local but with national outlook", Japan Times, 3 October 2012, p. 3
- Daily Yomiuri Party named after Ishihara's novel 15 November 2012
- "Nakayamas go with Tachiagare Nippon", The Japan Times, 22 June 2010.
- Japan Times Yosano exits party, seen angling for ruling bloc 14 January 2012
- Japan Times New team seen prioritizing TPP entry, sales tax hike 15 January 2012
- Nagata, Kazuaki, "Ishihara leaves office with sights on Diet seat", The Japan Times, 1 November 2012.
- Aoki, Mizuho, "Ishihara, Hiranuma unveil new party", The Japan Times, 14 November 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Daily Yomiuri Nation's '3rd political force' remains inchoate 15 November 2012
- Mainichi Shimbun Ishihara's Sunrise Party, Nagoya mayor's Genzei Nippon to merge 16 November 2012
- Daily Yomiuri New parties merge forces / Taiyo no To dissolves to join Ishin no Kai; Ishihara named chief 18 November 2012
- Sunrise Party of Japan (in Japanese)