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Chacas lagoon, Puno, Peru

Suni or Jalca is one of the eight Natural Regions of Peru. It is located in the Andes at an altitude between 3,500 and 4,000 metres above sea level. Suni has a dry and cold weather and there are many glacial valleys.


Flora and faunaEdit

The flora includes gramineous plants and shrubs such as the taya-taya (Caesalpinia spinosa), the quishuar (Buddleja coriacea), and the cantuta (Cantua buxifolia) which was considered sacred by the Incas.

Even though it is hard for plants to grow because of the weather, people are able to cultivate such crops as quinoa, maca, qañiwa, broad beans and ulluku (Ullucus tuberosus).

The main fauna is the guinea pig and, among numerous other highland birds, the Chiguanco thrush.[1]


Quinoa, a flora species.

Andean Continental Divide

Westside Eastside
Chala, dry coast Lowland tropical rainforest or Selva baja
Maritime Yungas Highland tropical rainforest or Selva alta
Maritime Yungas Subtropical cloud forest or Fluvial Yungas
Quechua - montane valleys Quechua - montane valleys
Tree line Tree line - about 3,500 m
Suni, scrubs and agriculture Suni, scrubs and agriculture

Mountain top:

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Pulgar Vidal, Javier: Geografía del Perú; Las Ocho Regiones Naturales del Perú. Edit. Universo S.A., Lima 1979. First Edition (his dissertation of 1940): Las ocho regiones naturales del Perú, Boletín del Museo de historia natural „Javier Prado“, n° especial, Lima, 1941, 17, pp. 145-161.