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Sunan Ibn Mājah (Arabic: سُنن ابن ماجه‎) is one of the six major Sunni hadith collections (Kutub al-Sittah). The Sunan was authored by Ibn Mājah (b. 209/824, d. 273/887).

Sunan Ibn Mājah
AuthorIbn Mājah
Original titleسُنن ابن ماجه
LanguageArabic
SeriesKutub al-Sittah
GenreHadith collection

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Contents

DescriptionEdit

It contains over 4,000 aḥādīth in 32 books (kutub) divided into 1,500 chapters (abwāb). About 20 of the traditions it contains were later declared to be forged; such as those dealing with the merits of individuals, tribes or towns, including Ibn Mājah's home town of Qazwin.

ViewsEdit

Sunnis regard this collection as sixth in terms of authenticity of their Six major Hadith collections.[1] Although Ibn Mājah related hadith from scholars across the eastern Islamic world, neither he nor his Sunan were well known outside of his native region of northwestern Iran until the 5th/11th century.[2] Muḥammad ibn Ṭāhir al-Maqdisī (d. 507/1113) remarked that while Ibn Mājah's Sunan was well regarded in Rayy, it was not widely known among the broader community of Muslim jurists outside of Iran.[3] It was also Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir who first proposed a six-book canon of the most authentic Sunni hadith collections in his Shurūṭ al-aʾimma al-sitta, which included Ibn Mājah's Sunan alongside Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan Nasai, and Jami al-Tirmidhi. Nonetheless, consensus among Sunni scholars concerning this six-book canon, which included Ibn Mājah's Sunan, did not occur until the 7th/13th century, and even then this consensus was largely contained to the Sunni scholarly community in the eastern Islamic world.[4] Scholars such as al-Nawawi (d. 676/1277) and Ibn Khaldun (d. 808/1405) excluded Sunan Ibn Mājah from their lists of canonical Sunni hadith collections, while others replaced it with either the Muwaṭṭaʾ of Imām Mālik or with the Sunan ad-Dārimī. It was not until Ibn al-Qaisarani's formal standardization of the Sunni hadith cannon into six books that Ibn Majah's collection was regarded the esteem granted to the five other books.[5][6][7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gibril, Haddad (4 April 2003). "Various Issues About Hadiths". living ISLAM – Islamic Tradition.
  2. ^ Robson, James (1958). "The Transmission of Ibn Mājah's 'Sunan'". Journal of Semitic Studies. 3.2: 139.
  3. ^ Brown, Jonathan (2009). "The Canonization of Ibn Mājah: Authenticity vs. Utility in the Formation of the Sunni Ḥadīth Canon". Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée. 129: 175.
  4. ^ Goldziher, Ignaz (1971). Muslim Studies, Volume II. Aldine Publishing Company. pp. 241–44.
  5. ^ Ignác Goldziher, Muslim Studies, vol. 2, pg. 240. Halle, 1889-1890. ISBN 0-202-30778-6
  6. ^ Scott C. Lucas, Constructive Critics, Ḥadīth Literature, and the Articulation of Sunnī Islam, pg. 106. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2004.
  7. ^ Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary, translated by William McGuckin de Slane. Paris: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. Sold by Institut de France and Royal Library of Belgium. Vol. 3, pg. 5.

External linksEdit