The Nader Palace (Persian: کاخ نادر), the Kalat Palace (Persian: کاخ کلات) or the Sun Palace (Persian: کاخ خورشید) is a palace in Kalat (Nader Dejh), Iran. Built in 1738-1739, it is one of the few buildings that were built during the reign of Nader Shah Afshar. Its construction was cut short however after the assassination of the Shah.[1][2]

Nader Palace
کاخ نادر
Map
Alternative namesKalat Palace, Nader's Palace
General information
LocationKalat, Razavi Khorasan, Iran

It is currently used as a museum of anthropology.[3]

History edit

Coming back from his Indian campaign, he brought many Indian architect and engineer captives, which he ordered to construct him a palace in Kalat. The palace was meant to house the Shah's treasury, and the jewels he had taken from India. The namesake of the palace was a wife of Nader apparently, who was named "Khorshid", meaning "Sun". After Nader's demise the construction process was halted, which is clearly visible from the state of the building and the calligraphies and paintings.[4]

Located in the middle of a large garden, it used to be 25 meters tall in 3 floors, but the third floor was ruined over time and the current height of the building does not exceed 20 meters.[1][5]

There is evidence that the place was used as a residential headquarter in early Qajar era.[4]

It was listed in the Iranian national heritage sites list in 10 February 1940 with the number 329.[6]

References edit

  1. ^ a b "کاخی که نادرشاه برای نگهداری غنایم و جواهرات‌اش بنا کرد". ایسنا (in Persian). 2016-01-24. Retrieved 2021-11-26.
  2. ^ "Kalāt-E Nāderi". iranicaonline.org. Archived from the original on 2010-04-10. Retrieved 2021-11-26.
  3. ^ "Qasr-e Khorshid: once temporary home to the 'Napoleon of Iran'". Tehran Times. 2020-03-08. Archived from the original on 2021-04-15. Retrieved 2021-11-26.
  4. ^ a b "Qasr-e Khorshid: A must-see tourist destination in northeast Iran". Tehran Times. 2017-11-27. Archived from the original on 2017-12-19. Retrieved 2021-11-26.
  5. ^ "كاخ خورشيد، نگين درخشان معماري خطه كلات". ایرنا (in Persian). 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2021-11-26.
  6. ^ "«دانشنامهٔ تاریخ معماری و شهرسازی ایران‌شهر». وزارت راه و شهرسازی. بایگانی‌شده از روی نسخه اصلی در ۶ اکتبر ۲۰۱۹. دریافت‌شده در ۱۰ اکتبر ۲۰۱۹". 2019-10-06. Archived from the original on 2019-10-06. Retrieved 2021-11-26.

36°59′42″N 59°46′01″E / 36.9951°N 59.7669°E / 36.9951; 59.7669