Sultanah Aminah Hospital
The Sultanah Aminah Hospital (HSA; Malay: Hospital Sultanah Aminah) is a government-funded multi-specialty hospital located in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. It is the largest hospital in Johor and the main referral and tertiary health centre for the state. HSA is also one of the busiest hospitals in Malaysia based on patient load. However, budget cuts have affected its level of service.
|Sultanah Aminah Hospital|
Hospital Sultanah Aminah
|Location||Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia|
|Lists||Hospitals in Malaysia|
It was founded in 1882 as the Johor Bahru General Hospital, and has served as the city's and district's principle public medical centre since its inception. The present main building, a massive complex fashioned in a brick facade Streamline Moderne style, was constructed between 1938 and 1941 to replace the existing complex that had grown from the original 1882 hospital building. The 1940s hospital building was further upgraded and expanded, including a two-storey lobby/emergency wing in front of the main building during the 1970s, and a new east wing and extensive refurbishment at a cost of RM 267 million in 2009.
The first public sector intensive care unit (ICU) in Malaysia was set up at the General Hospital in 1968 under the stewardship of the State Anaesthesiologist (Dato’) Dr T. Sachithanandan. Its ICU was officially declared open on 3 February 1969 by HRH Sultan Ismail of Johor. The funding to build the ICU was derived from the Ministry of Health (MOH), Johor state government and charitable public donations via fundraising by the Johor Baru Junior Chamber International (JCI-Jaycees). The hospital's unit became the model upon which subsequent ICU facilities were designed and built in numerous other MOH state general hospitals nationwide.
The first postgraduate medical center in Malaysia was also established at the General Hospital in 1969 by three medical pioneers; Dato' Dr Lim Kee Jin (physician), Dato' Dr. T. Sachithanandan (anaesthetist) and Datuk Dr. Sam C.E.Abraham (paediatrician).
The hospital would later be renamed in honour of Sultanah Ungku Tun Aminah binti Ungku Ahmad, Sultan Ismail's first wife, following her death in 1977.
On 25 October 2016 a fire broke out in the ICU of the main building, killing six people and wounding another four. A day after, a second, smaller fire occurred in the operation theatre in the emergency and trauma ward.
With investigations ongoing on the causes of the fire, questions were raised on the long-standing lax safety standards of hospitals based in pre-war buildings that were constructed with few or no fire safety features, leading to intentions by the government to conduct safety audits on all hospitals in the country, starting with the oldest, including the 136-year old Batu Gajah Hospital and early blocks of the 130-year old Penang General Hospital.
The hospital is accessible by bus from Johor Bahru Sentral Bus Terminal (1B, 15, 111, 221, 331, 5B, 606, 7B, 777B, BET1, BET3, JPO1, S&S7), Muafakat Bus route P-101  or Causeway Link (1B, 5B, 51B).
- "Empty coffers crippling JB's largest hospital - Malaysiakini".
- "Berita MMA Dec 2011; 41(12): 24-7" (PDF).
- Shah, Mohd Farhaan; Ahmad, Nabila. "Six dead in fire at Sultanah Aminah hospital - Nation - The Star Online".
- "JB hospital fire: Wards needed for evacuated patients - Nation - The Star Online".
- Shah, Mohd Farhaan; Phaharoradzi, Norbaiti. "Second fire at JB Hospital - Nation - The Star Online".
- "Malaysia's government hospitals to do fire audit following deadly blaze in Johor hospital". Straits Times. 27 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
- Fairuz, Mohd Shahar (28 October 2016). "Hospitals over 50 years old nationwide to undergo safety audits". New Straits Times. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
- "Bus Routes in Johor Bahru". BusInterchange.net. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
- "Laluan Bas Muafakat". Bas Muafakat Johor (in Malay). Retrieved 17 March 2018.