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Straža, Vršac

  (Redirected from Straža (Vršac))

Straža (Serbian: Straža or Стража, Romanian: Straja) is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Vršac municipality, in the South Banat District, Vojvodina province.

Straža
Стража
Straja
Village
The main street and the Romanian Orthodox church
The main street and the Romanian Orthodox church
Straža is located in Serbia
Straža
Straža
Location of Straža within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°58′16″N 21°18′02″E / 44.97111°N 21.30056°E / 44.97111; 21.30056Coordinates: 44°58′16″N 21°18′02″E / 44.97111°N 21.30056°E / 44.97111; 21.30056
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
District South Banat
Elevation 79 m (259 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Straža 538
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code 26345
Area code(s) +381(0)13
Car plates

Contents

NameEdit

In Serbian, the village is known as Straža (Стража), in Romanian as Straja, in Hungarian as Strázsa (later Temesőr), and in German as Lagerdorf.

HistoryEdit

Straža was established in the winter of 1716–17 by the Austrian imperial army as a base for soldiers sent to protect the town of Palanka from advancing Ottoman troops. After the army was recalled, several soldiers and artisans remained to form the settlement of Lagerdorf. The historian Borovski confirms that after the Ottomans were expelled, the settlement was colonized by Germans.[citation needed] By 1734, the settlement already had its own post office and a German mill was built near the Karaš River.

By 1744, Romanian settlers began to move into the settlement mostly from the Oltenia province in lesser Wallachia. By 1782, the settlement's population swelled to over 1,000 people, 917 of which were Eastern Orthodox. It was controlled by the Ottomans between 1787–88.

In October 1848, Serbian troops from Alibunar were stationed in the settlement because of advancing Hungarian troops. The Serb army was nearly destroyed by Hungarian troops under the leadership of the general Jovan Damjanić (a Serb by origin).

In 1880, Lagerdorf was renamed Straža (Straja in Romanian) and was referred to as Temes-Strazsa by the Hungarians in 1894 and Temesor in 1911. Name Straža itself is of Serbian origin (meaning "sentinel").

In 1854, the settlement's population was 1,195, in 1869, it reached 1,242, in 1880, the population was 1,510, in 1900 it was 1,606, and by 1910 the population was 1,678. During World War I, 70 soldiers from Straža lost their lives. In 1921, a total of 1,482 people lived in the settlement: 1,389 Romanians, 17 Serbs, 14 Hungarians, 10 Germans, and 52 others of various nationalities.

Historical populationEdit

  • 1961: 1,393
  • 1971: 1,254
  • 1981: 1,207
  • 1991: 1,107
  • 2002: 693
  • 2011: 538

Ethnic groups (2002 census)Edit

The village has a Romanian majority and its population numbering 538 people (2011 census).

  • Romanians = 557 (80.37%)
  • Serbs = 52 (7.5%)
  • Roma = 35 (5.05%)
  • Hungarians = 16 (2.3%)
  • others.

ChurchEdit

The Orthodox Church in Straža was originally built in 1854 but was not in use until 1856 when the priest Stefan Popović was present. The interior was restored in 1935 by Karl and Josef Löffler while Ion Mităr was cleric. Jon Mităr served in Straža as chaplain until May 1943. He was succeeded by Ioan Ivașcu in June of the same year. From 1948 until 1978, Corneliu Șdicu served as chaplain. Moise Janeș became chaplain in 1979 and still serves today.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

External linksEdit