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The Stiftskirche (Collegiate Church) is an inner-city church in Stuttgart, the capital of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is the main church of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Württemberg (Evangelische Landeskirche in Württemberg) as well as the parish church of the evangelical (Lutheran) inner-city church district of Stuttgart.
History and structureEdit
In 1240, a stately three-naved church with two towers was built in the Romanic style, apparently by the Counts of Württemberg who from around that time were residing in the nearby Old Castle. The remains of Ulrich I, Count of Württemberg and his second wife, Countess of Württemberg, Agnes von Schlesien-Liegnitz (both died in 1265) rest in a double tomb in the south tower chapel that dates to the late 13th century.
In 1500, a coloured, later (from the 19th century) golden pulpit was added.
With the adoption of the Lutheran Protestant Reformation in Württemberg in 1534, all pictures and altars were removed from the naves, pewage and a gallery were added. The tombstones were moved to the interior of the church.
From 1574, small statues of all the Counts of Württemberg (i.e. since Ulrich I) were added at the North wall of the chancel.
In 1608, a new grave crypt or burial vault was added. All of the Württemberg rulers until 1677 were buried there. Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, Queen of Württemberg from 1816 until 1819, was buried here from 1819 to 1824, before her remains were brought to a mausoleum on the Württemberg mountain.
In 1826, the roof of the chancel was renovated, as was most of the interior of the church in the 1840s.
- Eberhard I, Count of Württemberg
- Elisabeth of Brandenburg, Duchess of Württemberg
- Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg
- Sibylla of Anhalt
- John Frederick, Duke of Württemberg
- Barbara Sophie of Brandenburg
- Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg
- Duchess Anne Catherine of Salm
- Maria Dorothea Sophia of Oettingen-Oettingen
- William Louis, Duke of Württemberg
- Magdalena Sibylla of Hesse-Darmstadt
The latest major renovation took place from 1999 to 2003. The design and realization of the new concept comes from the Hamburg-based Architect Bernhard Hirche. The altar sculpture was created by the Sculptor Holger Walter.
- "Stiftskirche - Collegiate Church - Stadt Stuttgart". www.stuttgart.de. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
- Auer, Reinhard Lambert; Gräf, Ulrich; Müller, Helmut A (2004). Stiftskirche Stuttgart, Architektur und Gegenwartskunst (in German). Darmstadt: Verlag Das Beispiel. pp. 86, 94. ISBN 978-3935243407.