Steyr HS .50
The Steyr HS .50 is a .50 BMG single-shot anti-materiel sniper rifle manufactured by Steyr Mannlicher. The rifle has been widely exported; in addition, Iran produces an unlicensed copy under the name AM-50 Sayyad, while Syria reportedly began producing second unlicensed copy, dubbed the Golan S-01 in 2019.
|Steyr HS .50|
Steyr HS .50
|Type||Anti-Materiel Rifle/Sniper Rifle|
|Place of origin||Austria|
|Used by||See Users|
Syrian Civil War
Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)
HS .50 M1
|Specifications (HS .50)|
|Mass||12.4 kg (28.5 lbs)|
|Length||1,370 mm (54 inches)|
|Barrel length||833 mm (33 inches)|
|Effective firing range||2500–1500 m|
Design and featuresEdit
The Steyr HS .50 is a single-shot bolt-action rifle. It has no built-in magazine so each round has to be loaded directly into the ejection port and is pushed into the chamber by the bolt. The fluted barrel is cold hammer forged and provides excellent accuracy at an effective range up to 1,500 m. It has an adjustable bi-pod, a highly efficient muzzle brake which reduces recoil substantially to increase shooting comfort and a Picatinny rail for installation of various optics.
However, due to customer demand, a recent change to the HS .50 has included a 5-round detachable magazine that can be inserted on the left-hand side of the rifle much similar to the Denel NTW-20
The rifle is also available in the proprietary .460 Steyr round, developed for markets where ownership of the .50 BMG by private citizens is banned, but .46 rounds are not, such as California. The .460 caliber version is known as the HS .460.
HS .50 M1Edit
The HS .50 M1 is an evolution of the HS .50. The biggest differences are: it is magazine fed from a five-round magazine feeding horizontally left from the receiver, has a longer top Picatinny rail and more Picatinny rails on the side, an adjustable cheekpiece, a newly designed fixable bipod, and a monopod at the buttstock.
Iran produces an unlicensed version under the name AM-50 Sayyad. Because of its wide exports, AM-50 rifles have also been sold to or captured by many groups opposed to Iran, such as Syrian rebels.
In June 2019, media organizations affiliated with the Syrian Government reported that Syria had begun producing an unlicensed variant of the rifle, dubbed the Golan S-01 in reference to the Golan Heights. It is reportedly manufactured by the Syrian Defence Industries Corporation, a state-run company managed by the Syrian Ministry of Defense. Unlike the original HS .50, the Golan S-01 fires the Soviet 12.7×108mm anti-materiel rifle cartridge. It is slightly heavier than the HS.50, weighing in at 13.5kg and boasts an effective firing range of 1,600 meters, a 100 meter improvement over the previous generation of anti-materiel rifles used by the Syrian Army. It is also 100mm longer than the HS .50, measuring in at 1,470mm total length.
- Albania - Albanian army
- Argentina - Used by the Argentine Army
- Austria - Austrian army
- Iran - 800 rifles were purchased in 2006.
- Mexico - Used by the Corp of Mexican Army Special Forces.
- Namibia - Used by the Namibian police special Forces
- Russia - Used by police forces and special forces.
- Syria - Syrian rebels have acquired HS .460 through Turkey and other countries.
- Turkey - Used by the Turkish Land Forces
AM-50 Sayyad operatorsEdit
- Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq
- Badr Organization
- Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba
- Iraq - used by the Shia militia, Iraqi Special Operations Forces,  and the Iraqi Armed Forces.
- Islamic State
- Islamic State Sinai Province
- Kata'ib Sayyid al-Shuhada
- Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)
- Liwa al-Zulfiqar
- Liwa Fatemiyoun
- Saraya al-Aqida
- Saraya al-Khorasani
- Saraya al-Salam
- Saraya Ashura
- Syrian Social Nationalist Party
- Tahrir al-Sham
- Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army
- "La 104ème brigade de la Garde républicaine syrienne, troupe d'élite et étendard du régime de Damas". France-Soir (in French). 20 March 2017. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- Correspondent, Thomas Harding, Defence (13 February 2007). "Iraqi insurgents using Austrian rifles from Iran". Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2018 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
- "Iranian .50 Cal- The AM-50 Sayyad and Its Use in the Middle East". Calibre Obscura. 13 December 2018. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "Iran Army hints at deployment of Special Forces to Syria and Iraq - FDD's Long War Journal". www.longwarjournal.org. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "GOLAN S-01, First Syrian-Made Sniper Rifle (Photos)". 23 June 2019. Archived from the original on 23 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- Desk, News (23 June 2019). "First Syrian-made sniper rifle enters military service: photos". AMN - Al-Masdar News | المصدر نيوز. Archived from the original on 23 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
- "Спецподразделения МВД вооружатся австрийскими пистолетами". lenta.ru. Archived from the original on 6 June 2019. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- Binnie, Jeremy (6 July 2016). "US-led coalition trains Iraqi soldiers to use the Iranian copy of the Steyr HS .50 anti-materiel rifle".
- "Iraq: Turning a blind eye: The arming of the Popular Mobilization Units" (PDF). Amnesty International. 5 January 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 March 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
- Puxton, Matteo (25 February 2019). Macé, Maxime (ed.). "Pour se battre en Syrie, l'Iran enrôle massivement des Afghans chiites". France Soir (in French). Archived from the original on 27 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019.