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A stenosis is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure. It is also sometimes called a stricture (as in urethral stricture).[3]

Synonyms Stenoses
Bronchial stenosis CT.JPG
CT scan of a bronchial stenosis (arrow) that resulted from tracheobronchial injury
Classification and external resources
MeSH D003251

Stricture as a term is usually used when narrowing is caused by contraction of smooth muscle (e.g., achalasia, prinzmetal angina); stenosis is usually used when narrowing is caused by lesion that reduces the space of lumen (e.g., atherosclerosis).[citation needed] The term coarctation is another synonym,[4] but is commonly used only in the context of aortic coarctation.

Restenosis is the recurrence of stenosis after a procedure. The term is from Ancient Greek στενός, "narrow".



Stenoses of the vascular type are often associated with unusual blood sounds resulting from turbulent flow over the narrowed blood vessel. This sound can be made audible by a stethoscope, but diagnosis is generally made or confirmed with some form of medical imaging.



The resulting syndrome depends on the structure affected.

Examples of vascular stenotic lesions include:

The types of stenoses in heart valves are:

Stenoses/strictures of other bodily structures/organs include:

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ OED 2nd edition, 1989, as /stɪˈnəʊsɪs/.
  2. ^ Entry "stenosis" in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.
  3. ^ "Dorlands Medical Dictionary:stenosis". Retrieved 2010-05-05. 
  4. ^ "coarctation" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary

External linksEdit