Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH (trading as Steinberg) is a German musical software and hardware company based in Hamburg. It develops software for writing, recording, arranging and editing music, most notably Cubase, Nuendo, and Dorico. It also designs audio and MIDI hardware interfaces,[1] controllers, and iOS/Android music apps including Cubasis.[2] Steinberg created several industry standard music technologies including the Virtual Studio Technology (VST)[3] format for plug-ins and the ASIO (Audio Stream Input/Output) protocol. Steinberg has been a wholly owned subsidiary of Yamaha since 2005.[4]

Company typeSubsidiary (GmbH)
IndustrySoftware Development
GenreMusic technology
Founded1984; 40 years ago (1984)
FounderKarl Steinberg
Manfred Rürup
Key people
Managing Directors: Clyde Sendke, Yoshiyuki Tsugawa, Marco Papini
ProductsCubase, Nuendo, WaveLab, HALion, Dorico, SpectraLayers
ParentYamaha Corporation

History edit

The company was founded in 1984 by Karl Steinberg and Manfred Rürup in Hamburg.[5] As early proponents and fans of the MIDI protocol, the two developed Pro 16, a MIDI sequencing application for the Commodore 64 and soon afterwards, Pro 24 for the Atari ST platform.[6] The ST had built-in MIDI ports which helped to quickly increase interest in the new technology across the music world.

In 1989, Steinberg released Cubase for Atari, and versions for the Mac and Windows platforms would follow soon afterwards. It became a very popular MIDI sequencer, used in studios around the globe.

Steinberg Media Technologies AG had a revenue of 25 million DM in 1999. It had 180 employees in 2000.[7] A planned entry on the Neuer Markt (New Market, NEMAX50) of the Deutsche Börse failed. The company had a revenue of 20 million Euros in 2001 and 130 employees in 2002.[8]

In 2003, Steinberg was acquired by Pinnacle Systems[9] and shortly after that, by Yamaha in 2004.[10] With its new mother company Yamaha, Steinberg expanded design and production of its own hardware, and since 2008, it has created a range of audio and MIDI interface hardware including the UR, MR816, CC and CI series.

In 2012, Steinberg launched its first iOS sequencer, Cubasis, which has seen regular updates since then. The Steinberg satellite office in London was also opened in 2012.[11]

Steinberg has won a number of industry awards including several MIPA awards, and accolades for Cubasis and its CMC controllers amongst others.

Dorico team acquisition edit

In 2012, Steinberg acquired the former development team behind Sibelius, following the closure of Avid's London office in July, to begin development on a new professional scoring software named Dorico.[12][13][14][15][16] It was released on 19 October 2016.[17]

Product history edit

Cubase was released in 1989, initially as a MIDI sequencer. Digital audio recording followed in 1992 with Cubase Audio, followed by VST support in 1996, which made it possible for third-party software programmers to create and sell virtual instruments for Cubase. Steinberg bundled its own VST instruments and effects with Cubase, as well as continuing to develop standalone instruments. Atari support eventually ended, and Cubase became a Mac and Windows DAW (digital audio workstation), with feature parity across both platforms.

The WaveLab audio editing and mastering suite followed in 1995 for Windows, and the VST and ASIO protocols – open technologies that could be used by any manufacturer – were first released in 1997. WaveLab would come to the Mac in 2010.

In 2000, the company released Nuendo, a new DAW clearly targeted at the broadcast and media industries. 2001 saw the release of HALion, a dedicated software sampler. A complete rewrite of Cubase in 2002 was necessary due to its legacy code which was no longer maintainable, leading to a name change to Cubase SX, ditching older technology and using the audio engine from Nuendo. Since this time, Cubase and Nuendo have shared many core technologies. Cubase currently comes in three versions – Elements, Artist and Pro.

Steinberg was one of the first DAW manufacturers who started using automatic delay compensation for synchronization of different channels of the mixer which may have different latency.

With the growing popularity of mobile devices, Steinberg develops apps for iOS including Cubasis, a fully featured DAW for iPad with plug-ins, full audio and MIDI recording and editing and many other professional features. It also creates standalone apps, including the Nanologue synth and LoopMash. In 2016, Steinberg released Dorico, a professional music notation and scoring suite.

Steinberg VST edit

As part of the development of its flagship, the sequencer Cubase, Steinberg defined the VST interface (Virtual Studio Technology) in 1996, by means of which external programs can be integrated as virtual instruments playable via MIDI. VST simulates a real-time studio environment with EQs, effects, mixing and automation and has become a quasi-standard supported by many other audio editing programs.[18]

The latest version is VST 3. The VST 3 is a general rework of the long-serving VST plug-in interface. It is not compatible with the older VST versions, but it includes some new features and possibilities.[19]

Initially developed for Macintosh only, Steinberg Cubase VST for the PC followed a year later and established VST and the Audio Stream Input/Output Protocol (ASIO) as open standards that enabled third parties to develop plug-ins and audio hardware. ASIO ensures that the delay caused by the audio hardware during sound output is kept to a minimum to enable hardware manufacturers to provide specialized drivers. ASIO has established itself as the standard for audio drivers.[20]

Products edit

Steinberg's first product, Steinberg Pro 16, was sold on floppy disks. This is version 2.3

Current products edit

Music software edit

VST instruments edit

  • HALion (SE/Sonic) – virtual sampling and sound design system
  • HALion Symphonic Orchestra
  • Groove Agent – electronic and acoustic drums
  • The Grand[22] – virtual Piano
  • Padshop – granular synthesizer
  • Retrologue – analog synthesizer
  • Dark Planet – dark sounds for cinematic and electronic music
  • Hypnotic Dance – synth-based dance sounds
  • Triebwerk – Sounds for Elektro, Techno and House
  • Iconica – Orchester Library, recorded at Funkhaus Berlin

Hardware edit

  • Steinberg AXR4 – 28x24 Thunderbolt 2 Audio Interface with 32-Bit Integer Recording and RND SILK
  • Steinberg UR824 – 24x24 USB 2.0 audio interface with 8x D-PREs, 24-bit/192 kHz, on board DSP, zero latency monitoring, advanced integration. Their top-of-the-line USB audio interface
  • Steinberg CC121 – Advanced Integration Controller
  • Steinberg CI2 – Advanced Integration Controller
  • Steinberg MR816 CSX – Advanced Integration DSP Studio
  • Steinberg MR816 X – Advanced Integration DSP Studio
  • Steinberg UR44 – 6x4 USB 2.0 audio interface with 4x D-PREs, 24-bit/192 kHz support & MIDI I/O
  • Steinberg UR22mkII – 2x2 USB 2.0 audio interface with 2x D-PREs, 24-bit/192 kHz support & MIDI I/O
  • Steinberg UR12 – 2x2 USB 2.0 audio interface with 1x D-PREs, 24-bit/192 kHz support
  • Steinberg Key (License Control Device for Steinberg Software - Dongle)
  • eLicenser (License Control Management for Steinberg Software - Dongle)

Past products edit

Music software edit

  • Pro 16 (for Commodore 64)[23]
  • Trackstar (for Commodore 64)[24]
  • Pro 24 (for Atari ST,[25][26] Amiga)[27]
  • The Ear (for Atari ST)[28]
  • Twelve (for Atari ST)[29]
  • Tango (for Atari ST)[30]
  • MusiCal (for Atari ST)[31]
  • Cubeat (for Atari ST)[32]
  • Cubase Lite (for Atari ST/Mac/PC)[33]
  • SoundWorks series (for Atari ST) – Sample editors for the Akai S900, Ensoniq Mirage, E-mu Emax and Sequential Prophet 2000
  • SynthWorks series (for Atari ST) – Patch editor/librarians[34] for the Yamaha DX7, DX7II, TX7 and TX81z, Roland D50, other Roland D-series (D20, D10, D110, D5) and MT32 and Ensoniq ESQ-1
  • Cubase SX
  • Cubase VST
  • Avalon – sample editor for Atari[35]
  • V-Stack
  • ReCycle – Windows/Mac sample editor[36]

VST instruments edit

  • Plex
  • D'cota
  • Hypersonic[37]
  • X-phraze
  • Model-E
  • Virtual Guitarist[38]
  • Virtual Bassist

Hardware edit

  • MIDEX-8 – USB MIDI interface[39]
  • MIDEX-3 – USB MIDI interface[40]
  • MIDEX+ – Atari MIDI interface[41]
  • Steinberg Amiga MIDI interface
  • Steinberg Media Interface 4 (MI4) – USB MIDI interface
  • Avalon 16 DA Converter – AD Converter for Atari
  • SMP-24 – SMPTE/MIDI processor[42]
  • Timelock – SMPTE processor[43]
  • Topaz – Computer controlled recorder[44]

Protocols edit

Steinberg have introduced several industry-standard software protocols. These include:

  • ASIO (a low-latency communication protocol between software and sound cards)
  • VST (a protocol allowing third-party audio plugins and virtual instruments)
  • LTB (providing accurate timing for its now-discontinued MIDI interfaces)
  • VSL (an audio/MIDI network protocol which allows the connection and synchronisation of multiple computers running Steinberg software)

Steinberg's notable packages include the sequencers Cubase and Nuendo, as well as WaveLab (a digital audio editor) and numerous VST plugins.

References edit

  1. ^ IT-Service, Sven Vörtmann-Internet und. "UR Series". Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  2. ^ "Cubasis: Music creation for iOS & Android | Steinberg". Retrieved 2020-09-21.
  3. ^ The Oxford handbook of computer music. Dean, R. T. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2009. ISBN 9780195331615. OCLC 263605563.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ "Yamaha Buy Steinberg". Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  5. ^ "A brief history of Steinberg Cubase". MusicRadar. 2011-05-24. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  6. ^ Manning, Peter. Electronic and computer music (Fourth ed.). New York. p. 325. ISBN 9780199986439. OCLC 858861237.
  7. ^ Steinberg Media Technologies AG geht an den Neuen Markt,, 13 September 2000
  8. ^ Jobatey, Cherno: Steinberg: Röhren wie Hendrix, Wirtschaftswoche No. 46, 7 November 2002
  9. ^ Steinberg & Pinacle: The Buyout
  10. ^ Yamaha übernimmt Steinberg,, 21 December 2004
  11. ^ "STEINBERG MEDIA TECHNOLOGIES GMBH overview - Find and update company information - GOV.UK". Retrieved 2022-10-01.
  12. ^ Kirn, Peter (2016-05-17). "This is the next-gen notation tool from original Sibelius team". CDM Create Digital Music. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  13. ^ Stevens, Alex (21 April 2016). "Applied Theory". Rhinegold. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  14. ^ Rogerson, Ben (22 February 2013). "Sibelius team working on new Steinberg notation application". MusicRadar. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  15. ^ Wherry, Mark (February 2017). "Steinberg Dorico [Preview]". Sound On Sound. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  16. ^ Shapey, Rachel (18 February 2019). "Interview with Dorico creator, Daniel Spreadbury |". Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  17. ^ Spreadbury, Daniel (2016-11-01). "Dorico is available now, first update coming November". Dorico. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  18. ^ Michael Steppat: Audio Programming: Sound Synthesis, Editing, Sound Design, Carl Hanser Verlag, 2014, p. 69.
  19. ^ "VST3SDK". GitHub. 2021.
  20. ^ Petelin, Roman (2004). Cubase SX 2 : virtual MIDI & audio studio. Petelin, Yury. Wayne, PA: Alist. p. 113. ISBN 1931769192. OCLC 55054529.
  21. ^ "Steinberg Sequel". Sound On Sound. July 2007. Archived from the original on 6 June 2015.
  22. ^ "Steinberg The Grand". Sound On Sound. March 2002. Archived from the original on 7 June 2015.
  23. ^ "The Professional's Choice". Sound On Sound. April 1986. pp. 63–5. ISSN 0951-6816. OCLC 925234032.
  24. ^ "Trackstar". Electronics & Music Maker. October 1986. pp. 80–1. OCLC 317187644.
  25. ^ "Software Tracking". Electronics & Music Maker. September 1986. p. 32. OCLC 317187644.
  26. ^ "Steinberg Pro24 Version III". Sound On Sound. August 1988. pp. 74–5. ISSN 0951-6816. OCLC 925234032.
  27. ^ "Steinberg Pro 24 v1.1". Amiga Format. No. 24. Future Publishing. July 1991. p. 144. ISSN 0957-4867. OCLC 225912747.
  28. ^ "Steinberg's The Ear". Music Technology. August 1988. pp. 72–74. ISSN 0957-6606. OCLC 483899345.
  29. ^ "High Noon!". Sound On Sound. February 1989. pp. 21–4. ISSN 0951-6816. OCLC 925234032.
  30. ^ [bare URL PDF]
  31. ^ "Steinberg Musical". Music Technology. September 1989. pp. 86–89. ISSN 0957-6606. OCLC 483899345.
  32. ^ "Steinberg Cubeat". Music Technology. May 1991. pp. 60–64. ISSN 0957-6606. OCLC 483899345.
  33. ^ "Soft Options". Recording Musician. November 1992. pp. 26–34. ISSN 0966-484X. OCLC 264952514.
  34. ^ "Steinberg Synthworks". Music Technology. Vol. 3, no. 5. April 1989. p. 80. ISSN 0957-6606. OCLC 24835173.
  35. ^ "Steinberg Avalon". Music Technology. December 1989. pp. 58–62. ISSN 0957-6606. OCLC 483899345.
  36. ^ "Steinberg ReCycle". Sound On Sound. May 1995. Archived from the original on 6 June 2015.
  37. ^ "Steinberg Hypersonic 2". Sound On Sound. March 2006. Archived from the original on 7 June 2015.
  38. ^ "Steinberg Virtual Guitarist 2". Future Music. No. 175. Future Publishing. June 2006. pp. 52–3. ISSN 0967-0378. OCLC 1032779031.
  39. ^ "Steinberg Midex 8". Sound On Sound. May 2001. Archived from the original on 6 June 2015.
  40. ^ "Steinberg Midex 3". Sound On Sound. March 2002. Archived from the original on 7 June 2015.
  41. ^ "Steinberg MIDEX+". Music Technology. December 1990. pp. 72–75. ISSN 0957-6606. OCLC 483899345.
  42. ^ "Steinberg SMP-24". Sound On Sound. May 1987. pp. 42–46. ISSN 0951-6816. OCLC 779656410.
  43. ^ "Steinberg Timelock". Music Technology. January 1988. p. 18. ISSN 0957-6606. OCLC 483899345.
  44. ^ "Steinberg Topaz". Music Technology. February 1990. pp. 10–11. ISSN 0957-6606. OCLC 483899345.

Further reading edit

External links edit