Stefan Jędrychowski

Stefan Jędrychowski (19 May 1910[1] – 26 May 1996)[2][3] was a Polish journalist and communist politician, who served as deputy prime minister, foreign minister and finance minister in Poland.

Stefan Jędrychowski
Stefan Jędrychowski.jpg
Minister of Finance
In office
1971–1974
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
22 December 1968 – 22 December 1971
Preceded byAdam Rapacki
Succeeded byStefan Olszowski
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
12 December 1951 – 24 October 1956
Preceded byHipolit Chelchowski
Succeeded byTadeusz Gade
Personal details
Born(1910-05-19)19 May 1910
Warsaw
Died26 May 1996(1996-05-26) (aged 86)
Warsaw
NationalityPolish
Political partySoviet Communist Party
Polish United Workers' Party
Alma materStefan Batory University

Early life and educationEdit

Born in Warsaw on 19 May 1910,[4] Jędrychowski hailed from a middle-class Catholic family, who owned properties and apartment houses in Wilno, then in the Russian part of Poland.[5][6] His mother was of German origin.[5]

He studied law and social science at Stefan Batory University in Wilno, graduating in 1932.[5] Then he obtained a master's degree in law from the same university.[6] He also received a PhD in economics.[6][7] He began his political career as a radical leftist Catholic in the group called "Odrodzenie" (renaissance) when he was an undergraduate student.[8] Then he switched to a youth organization "Legion Mlodych" (The Legion of Youth) that was founded by Józef Piłsudski after he took over the Polish government in 1926.[5] Jędrychowski became a member of the group's regional command.[5]

Career and activitiesEdit

Jędrychowski began his career as an assistant lecturer in economics at Stefan Batory University.[6] In 1936, he joined the Communist Party.[6] In September 1939, he began to work as a journalist in Wilno.[6][8] Then he was named deputy editor of the local communist daily which had been published by the Soviet authorities.[6] He became a Soviet citizen and a member of the Soviet Communist Party.[6] Following the annexation of Lithuania to the Soviet Union he served at the Supreme Soviet as a deputy.[6]

Later he continued his activities in the Polish committee of national liberation’ (PKWN), which was formed on 22 July 1944.[9] Shortly after he began to serve as the PKWN's representative in Moscow.[9] He was also the Warsaw government’s delegate in France in 1945.[7] In addition, he headed the department of information and propaganda under the PKWN.[10] From 1945 to 1947 he served as minister of navigation and foreign trade in the national unity government.[6] Next he joined the Polish United Workers' party.[11] And he became an alternate member of the party's central committee or politburo.[12]

He served as the vice president or deputy prime minister at the Polish cabinet, also known as Rada Ministrów, from 12 December 1951 to 24 October 1956.[3][13] He worked as the head of the planning office, Komisja Planowania, from 1956 to 1971.[14][15] He was also promoted to the full membership of the party's central committee on 21 October 1956, being one of nine members.[12][16] At the committee he assumed the post of chief economic advisor.[17] He served as the minister of foreign affairs from 22 December 1968 to 22 December 1971.[3] In December 1971, his membership at the central committee of the party ended.[15][18] Next he was named minister of finance in 1971 and his term ended in 1974.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ https://www.rulers.org/indexj.html
    - https://bliskopolski.pl/leksykon/stefan-jedrychowski/
  3. ^ a b c "Polish Ministries". Rulers. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  4. ^ http://katalog.bip.ipn.gov.pl/informacje/1796
  5. ^ a b c d e "The Communist Leadership". Open Society Archives. 14 May 1950. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Oscar Halecki (1957). Poland. New York: Frederick A. Praeger. – via Questia (subscription required)
  7. ^ a b "Solidarity Between Jews and Poles Stressed by Warsaw Govt. Envoy at Paris Meeting". JTA Archive. 18 February 1945. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  8. ^ a b "People in the Polish committee of liberation". Catholic Herald. 4 August 1944. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  9. ^ a b Jacek Tebinka. "Policy of The Soviet Union towards The Warsaw Uprising 1 August – 2 October 1944". London Branch of the Polish Home Army Ex-Servicemen Association. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Soviet Puppet Government in Poland". Polish Information Center 1939-1945. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  11. ^ Applebaum, Anne (22 November 2012). "How the Communists Inexorably Changed Life". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  12. ^ a b Tadeusz N. Cieplak (1 January 1972). Poland Since 1956. Ardent Media. p. 9. GGKEY:05P4FRN9EUP. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  13. ^ a b "Overview of the Stefan Jędrychowski papers". Online Archive of California. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  14. ^ Samuel L. Sharp (1953). Poland White Eagle on a Red Field. Harvard University Press.
  15. ^ a b "Jan Svoboda's Notes on the CPSU CC Presidium Meeting with Satellite Leaders, 24 October 1956" (PDF). The George Washington University. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  16. ^ L. W. Gluchowski (Spring 1995). "Poland, 1956" (PDF). Wilson Bulletin (5). Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  17. ^ Wlodzimierz Rozenbaum (1997). "The Anti-Zionist Campaign in Poland, June - December 1967". Intermarium. 1 (3). Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  18. ^ "Polish Communists Get Younger Men". The Sun. Warsaw. Reuters. 14 December 1971. Retrieved 14 July 2013.