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Stanley Silverman

Stanley Silverman (born July 5, 1938 in New York City) is an American composer, arranger, conductor and guitarist.[1][2]

Stanley Joel Silverman
Stanley Silverman at Home.png
Stanley Silverman at home
Born
Stanley Silverman

(1938-07-05) July 5, 1938 (age 81)
EducationMills College (MA), Boston University (BMus), Columbia University, High School of Performing Arts
OccupationComposer, arranger, conductor, guitarist
Years active1958–present
Spouse(s)Mary Delson (1966-1975), Martha Caplin (1980-1995)
ChildrenBen Silverman, Rena Silverman
Parent(s)Meyer Silverman, Eva Silverman (nee) Kass
Websitestanleysilverman.com

Silverman's diverse career covers music theatre, film, television, classical and pop music. His work has featured on stages across the world including on and off-Broadway and his collaborators include Richard Foreman, Anthony Burgess[3] and Arthur Miller.[4][5] He has also worked with renowned directors Mike Nichols[6] and Arthur Penn.[7] Silverman worked with Paul Simon on his musical The Capeman in 1998 for which his orchestrations were nominated for Tony and Drama Desk Awards.[8] His music has been performed by Pierre Boulez,[9] Michael Tilson Thomas,[10] Tashi,[11] the Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio and pop icons James Taylor and Sting.[12]

Across a successful career as a conductor, Silverman worked on the Tony, Drama Desk and Grammy Award nominated 1976 Joseph Papp production of The Threepenny Opera which starred in the lead role Raul Julia.[13][14]

Early lifeEdit

 
Stanley Silverman composing at home in New York

Stanley Silverman was born in New York City and is the son of Russian Jewish immigrants.[15] Silverman grew up in the Bronx attending public school followed by the High School of Performing Arts before completing his BMus at Boston University and his MA in Music Composition at Mills College.[16]

At Tanglewood Silverman studied with Leon Kirchner and at Mills College with Kirchner and Darius Milhaud. Silverman's Tenso: Afternoon Music For Orchestra, composed for a White House concert premiered in 1962 for President John F. Kennedy.[17]

As a young man Silverman played guitar in a western swing band and developed an interest in jazz music which took him to the Brussels World Fair playing with his college jazz quintet.[16]

Upon graduating Silverman became a regular concert guitarist and worked with the New York Philharmonic, the Boston Symphony Orchestra and The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center. Silverman also played guitar at the Malboro Festival, the Ojai Festival and during this period worked with Leonard Bernstein, Pierre Boulez, Lukas Foss and Gunther Schuller. As a young guitarist Silverman specialized in new music performing and recording many premieres.[18]

Following work as guitarist, Silverman concentrated on his career as a composer and was part of Charles Wuorinen's New York composer-performer group, The Group for Contemporary Music.[16][19]

CareerEdit

 
Stanley Silverman with James Taylor

Silverman taught at Tanglewood during the 1960s and in 1965 was appointed music director of The Lincoln Center Repertory Theater before joining Canada's Stratford Festival at the invitation of Glenn Gould.[20][21] He worked at the Stratford Shakespeare Festival extensively from 1967 when he composed music for John Hirsch's production of Richard III until 1994.[22] His career at the Festival was celebrated in a one off concert in 2013 called Celebrating Stanley which covered the diverse range of material he had composed over almost three decades for the Festival.[23] In 1971 Silverman, along with Lyn Austin and Oliver Smith, was a founding member of the Lenox Arts Center, later the Music Theatre Group.[24]

Amongst a range of noteworthy collaborations, Silverman composed the incidental music for Arthur Miller's 1972 Broadway production of The Creation of the World and Other Business and worked with the playwright again on his only musical Up from Paradise which premiered at Miller's alma mater, the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor in 1973.[25] A recent production took place under the direction of Patrick Kennedy at the New Wimbledon Theatre, London in 2014.[26]

In 1976, Silverman joined Joseph Papp's production of The Threepenny Opera as Musical Director. The show premiered at the Vivian Beaumont Theater under the direction of Richard Foreman. Of Silverman's musical direction, Alan Rich of New York Magazine said, "This is strong, intelligent music-making, and it clarifies, more than any version I have heard live or on records, the stature of this dazzling score."[27] The production received critical acclaim and went on to earn Tony, Drama Desk and Grammy Award nominations.[13][14]

During the 1980s Silverman enjoyed a brief and successful directing career including an Obie award winning production of the Virgil Thomson and Gertrude Stein opera, The Mother of Us All in 1983.[28][29] He also conceived and directed the 1986 music-theater piece Black Sea Follies at Playwrights Horizons[30][31]

Aside from his involvement with theatre, Silverman has worked with several musicians as an arranger including a Grammy award-winning collaboration with James Taylor on Hourglass.

In recent years, Silverman has been a specialist consultant for Reveille TV, Electus Studios and NBC music Specials.[16][32]

Silverman was honored by the Lincoln Center Institute for the Arts in Education in 2004 having served for over thirty years as one of its founding board members.

Recent activityEdit

 
Silverman with Sting

Hotel For Criminals by Richard Foreman and Stanley Silverman had its UK premiere in October 2016 at the New Wimbledon Studio directed by Patrick Kennedy. The show garnered positive reviews from critics, including British Theatre's Critics Choice 2016,[33] in particular for Silverman's score:

"The music is immensely more tuneful and memorable than the great majority of scores currently to be heard in the commercial scene."[34]

"The score is filled with rich vocal harmonies and elegant melodies dappled amongst chromatic recitative and horror film discordance."[35]

"Silverman’s score is a rich combination of haunting, discordant phrases and sumptuous melodies that reflect the other-worldliness of the narrative."[36]

"Stanley Silverman’s score is beautiful, enigmatic and embraces the show’s disjointed narrative with its smooth and impressive melodies."[37]

On 26 February 2017 BBC Radio 3 broadcast Anthony Burgess's Oedipus the King with Silverman's score.[38] It was rebroadcast on 19 May 2019.

On January 12, Sting recorded the vocals for Fear No More composed by Silverman performed by the Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson trio.

Collaborations with Richard ForemanEdit

In 1968 Silverman began collaborating with playwright/director Richard Foreman resulting in several works of music-theatre. Their first collaboration was Elephant Steps which premiered at Tanglewood in 1968[39] with the New York Magazine calling it "The best piece of new music I've heard in concert all year."[40] A musical recording of the same name was released on LP by Columbia Records in 1974. "A mere Chuck Berry expert cannot judge the quality of the 'classical' music herein contained, although he can mention that he does not intend to investigate it further", wrote rock critic Robert Christgau in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981). "The 'rock,' however, was apparently concocted by David Clayton-Thomas's heir covert and the pit band from the Oslo production of Hair. And any English major can see through the 'libretto.'"[41]

Other collaborations include Dream Tantras For Western Massachusetts, Hotel For Criminals, Madame Adare, The American Imagination, Africanus Instructus, Love & Science and Dr Selavy's Magic Theatre[42] which led to the New York Times describing Silverman as "the brightest talent in this medium to come along since Leonard Bernstein... he could turn out to be the later day Cole Porter."[43][44]

InfluencesEdit

Silverman has been influenced by the works of Baroque composers Handel, Henry Purcell, Austrian expressionist Arnold Schoenberg, French guitarist Django Reinhardt, songwriters Rodgers and Hart, and Cuban charanga.[45][46]

80th Birthday CelebrationsEdit

To celebrate Silverman's 80th birthday on July 5, several concerts and productions are being staged around the world in 2018/9.

Private birthday celebration hosted by James Taylor and Kim Taylor

Songs from Up From Paradise, Book & Lyrics by Arthur Miller[47]

Elephant Steps (opera), Libretto by Richard Foreman. 50th anniversary production directed by Patrick Kennedy

Six Saudades do Brasil for String Quartet (Premiere) Guignard Quartet

American Friends of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra to Honor Stanley Silverman. The Israel Philharmonic will perform a program including works composed by Stanley Silverman.

  • Late 2019 – ALBUM, In Celebration, Trio No.1 – The Piano Trios of Stanley Silverman

The Kalichstein-Laredo- Robinson Trio with Guest Artist Sting

In Celebration, Trio No. 1 is included on Chamber Music America’s list of 100 best chamber pieces written by an American.

Trio No. 2 “Reveille”

Personal lifeEdit

In 1966, Silverman married former VP of BBC America and theatre and television producer and executive Mary Silverman (née Delson); the couple had one child, Ben, chairman and co-CEO of Propagate and former NBC co-chairman.[48] With Mary, Silverman also raised artist and illustrator Sarah Delson.[49] In 1980 Silverman married Martha Caplin,[6] a founding member and 1st Violin, Primavera Quartet and the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra.[50] The couple has one child, Rena, a journalist and photography writer.

TheatreEdit

Music TheatreEdit

Elephant Steps

  • 1968: Tanglewood
  • 1970: Hunter Playhouse, New York & Lake George Opera
  • 2018: Arcola Theatre, London

The Satyricon

  • 1969: Stratford Festival, Canada

Dream Tantras for Western Massachusetts

  • 1971: Commemorating the opening of the Lenox Arts Center, Lenox, Massachusetts

Dr. Selavy's Magic Theatre

  • 1972: Lenox Arts Center
  • 1972-73: Mercer Arts Center, New York
  • 1973: Wisdom Bridge Theatre, Chicago
  • 1978: Oxford Playhouse, U.K.
  • 1985: New York Off-Broadway Revival (Music Theatre Group)
  • 2014: New Wimbledon Theatre, U.K.

Hotel for Criminals

  • 1974: Lenox Arts Center
  • 1975: Westbeth Theatre, New York
  • 1977: Berkeley Repertory Theatre, California
  • 1977: Lyon Opera, FR
  • 2009: Provincetown Playhouse
  • 2016: New Wimbledon Theatre, U.K.

The American Imagination

  • 1978: Music Theatre Group, New York

Madame Adare

  • 1980: New York City Opera, Lincoln Center

The Columbine String Quartet Tonight

  • 1981: Music Theatre Group, Off Broadway
  • 1981: Wolf Trap Theatre

Up from Paradise

  • 1977: Kennedy Center
  • 1981: Whitney Museum
  • 1982: Off-Broadway
  • 1987: Great Lakes Shakespeare Festival
  • 2014: New Wimbledon Theatre, U.K.
  • 2018: Stratford Festival, Canada

Africanus Instructus

  • 1986: Music Theatre Group, New York
  • 1986: Festival d'Automne, Centre Pompidou, Paris
  • 1986: Festival de Otono, Teatro Monumental, Madrid
  • 1986: Festival de Lille, l'Opera

A Good Life

Paradise for the Worried

  • 1989: Lenox Arts Center, Massachusetts
  • 1990: Music Theatre Group, New York

Love and Science

  • 1990: Music Theatre Group, Lenox, Mass.
  • 1991: Music Theatre Group, New York
  • 1993: Houston Grand Opera, Houston

Celebrating Stanley (Revue)

  • 2013: Stratford Shakespeare Festival, Ontario, Canada

Celebrating Silverman (Revue)

  • 2014: London Hippodrome, London

Incidental MusicEdit

Broadway

  • 1969: The Watering Place
  • 1972: The Creation of the World and Other Business
  • 1978: Stages
  • 1980: Bent (Nominated - Drama Desk Award)
  • 1981: The Little Foxes
  • 1982: Othello
  • 1983: Private Lives
  • 1992: Saint Joan (National Actors Theatre)
  • 1993: Timon of Athens (Nominated - Drama Desk Award)
  • 1994: The Government Inspector
  • 1995: Uncle Vanya

Off-Broadway

  • 1958: The Golden Six
  • 1962: Ten Nights in a Barroom
  • 1983: The Lady and the Clarinet
  • 2007: Fugue

Repertory Theater of Lincoln Center

  • 1965 The Country Wife
  • 1966 Yerma
  • 1967: The Little Foxes & Galileo
  • 1968: St. Joan & Tiger at the Gates
  • 1970: Beggar on Horseback
  • 1971: Mary Stuart
  • 1972: Narrow Road to the Deep North

Stratford Festival, Canada

  • 1967: Richard III
  • 1968: Midsummer Night's Dream
  • 1969: Satyricon
  • 1970: School for Scandal
  • 1981: A Comedy of Errors
  • 1982: The Tempest, Arms and the Man & Mary Stuart
  • 1983: Love's Labour's Lost & Much Ado About Nothing
  • 1985: King Lear
  • 1989: The Merchant of Venice
  • 1991: Timon of Athens
  • 1992: The Tempest & Measure for Measure
  • 1994: Twelfth Night & 2 One-Act Plays by Moliere

Guthrie Theatre. Minneapolis

  • 1971: Taming of the Shrew
  • 1972: Oedipus
  • 1973: School for Scandal

New York Shakespeare Festival

  • 1979: Julius Caesar & Coriolanus
  • 1984: The Golem
  • 1994: The Merry Wives of Windsor

Mark Taper Forum. Los Angeles

  • 1979: The Tempest

Long Wharf Theatre. New Haven

  • 1982: Two by A.M. (Arthur Miller)
  • 1983: The Lady and the Clarinet

Royal Exchange Theatre. Manchester U.K.

  • 1987: The Bluebird of Unhappiness

Seattle Repertory Theatre

  • 1987: The Caucasian Chalk Circle

Hartford Stage Company

  • 1992: Heartbreak House

Lincoln Center Theatre. New York

  • 1998: Ah, Wilderness!

Royal Shakespeare Company

  • 1999: Timon of Athens (adaptation)

The Berkshire Theatre Festival

  • 1966: The Skin of Our Teeth
  • 1966: The Cretan Women
  • 1966: The Merchant of Venice

Classical CompositionsEdit

Principal PerformancesEdit

Tenso

  • 1962: White House & Carnegie Hall
  • 1963: Broadcast, Brazil Television and Japanese Television

Canso

  • 1964: Tanglewood (de Varon)
  • 1965: Town Hall, New York

Planh

  • 1966: Festival de Musique Americaine Contemporaine, Radio diffusion Television Francaise, Paris
  • 1968: Monday Evening Concerts, Los Angeles; Tanglewood
  • 1969: Stratford Festival, Canada
  • 1971: New York Philharmonic Encounter Series (Pierre Boulez)

The Midsummer Night's Dream Show

  • 1971: New England Conservatory Chorus, Jordan Hall, Boston
  • 1973: Speculum Musicae, Burgess, Gagnon, Whitney Museum, NY

Oedipus The King (Oratorio)

  • 1973: Speculum Musicae, Burgess, Gagnon at the Whitney Museum, NY
  • 2016: BBC Orchestra and Chorus, BBC Radio 3

Crepuscule

  • 1974: Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center
  • 1984: Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center
  • 1987: Y Chamber Soloists, New York (Jaime Laredo)
  • 2004: Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center

The Charleston Concerto

  • 1976: U.S Bicentennial performances in Charleston and New York

Variations on a Theme of Kurt Weill

  • 1977: Naumburg Award. Performed by Empire Brass Quintet at Tully Hall, Lincoln Center (American Tour 1977-1984)
  • 1978: Brooklyn Philharmonic at the Brooklyn Academy of Music
  • 1982:Empire Brass Quintet at Sanders Theatre, Harvard University
  • 1995: Meridian Brass Quintet (International Tour & Recording)
  • 2018: Israel Philharmonic at the Wallis Annenberg Center, Los Angeles

New York Shakespeare Festival Fanfare

  • 1978: Delacorte Theatre, New York

Chaconne in D minor (Arranged for Brass Quintet)

  • 1982: Empire Brass Quintet at Sanders Theatre, Harvard University

Birthday Variations for Avery Fisher

  • 1986: Avery Fisher Hall, Lincoln Center

Trio No. 1 In Celebration

  • 1989: Performed by Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio at the 92nd Street Y, New York and Krannert Center, Urbana Illinois. (International Tour, 1990–95, American Tour 2000–present).
  • 2001: Ouro Preto & Pocos de Caldas, Brazil, (Musitrio)
  • 2007: Bronfman Chamber Series, Sun Valley, ID
  • 2008: Rio & Porto Alegre, Brazil, (Musitrio), Gewurzmuehle Zug, Switzerland (Ensemble Chameleon)
  • 2013: Maestro Sergio Magnani Hall, Belo Horizonte, Brazil (Musitrio)

Psalm 100

  • 1990: Fairmount Temple, Cleveland, Ohio

Khlestakov's Lullaby

  • 1994: Dayton Philharmonic, Dayton, Ohio

Eridos

  • 1999: European Cultural Centre of Delphi, Greece (Antigoni Goni)
  • 2000: Concertgebouw, Amsterdam,
  • 2001: Royal Academy of Music, London (Antigoni Goni); Carnegie Recital Hall, New York (Antigoni Goni)
  • 2001: Prague, Czech Republic, (Antigoni, Goni)

Shakespeare and Our Planet

  • 2001: Lincoln Center Institute (2 concerts & tour)
  • 2002: (Gala) Walter Reade Theater, Lincoln Center

Trio No.2 Reveille

  • 2011: Performed by Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio with Sting at the 92nd St. Y, New York
  • 2013: Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio, Kennedy Center, Washington DC (& U.S. tour)
  • 2013: Ensemble Chameleon. Grosse Halle Gewurzmuhle, Zug, Switzerland. Saal Hofmat, Oberagi, Switzerland
  • 2018: Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio, Da Camera Society, Los Angeles

Principal Performances as GuitaristEdit

  • 1961: Ojai Festival, California
  • 1962: Los Angeles Philharmonic
  • 1962-69: Tanglewood
  • 1962-63: Pierre Boulez Tour
  • 1965, 1966, 1967: Marlborough Festival
  • 1966, 1967: Boston Symphony Orchestra
  • 1966-72: New York Philharmonic
  • 1966: Stravinsky Festival, Lincoln Center
  • 1966: Festival de Musique Americaine Contemporaine, Paris
  • 1971, 1974, 1978, 1981, 1984, 1985: Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center
  • 1987, 1993: Chamber Music at the Y, New York

FilmographyEdit

ComposerEdit

ConsultantEdit

  • Charles Munch Final Concert with the Boston Symphony, WGBH (1962)
  • Nashville Star, NBC, USA Network (2003-2008)
  • Michael Buble’s Christmas in New York (with Justin Bieber), NBC (2011)
  • Casanova, Amazon Studios (2015)

DiscographyEdit

ComposerEdit

  • Doctor Selavy’s Magic Theatre (1974, 2011)
  • Elephant Steps (1974, 2013)
  • New American Music Vol. 2. Planh (1975, 2004)
  • Sweet Airs That Give Delight, Shakespeare songs (1992)
  • Legacies: Piano Trios by Zwilich, Pärt, Kirchner & Silverman (1996)
  • Age of Influence, Variations on a Theme of Kurt Weill (1996)
  • Kinematic, In Celebration (2002)
  • Hymn to the Muse, Eridos (2016)

GuitaristEdit

Selected credits include:

  • Mahler Symphony No. 7 (Leonard Bernstein, 1967)
  • Footlifters (Gunther Schuller 1975, 2005)
  • Threepenny Opera, guitar, banjo, Hawaiian guitar (1976, 2010)
  • Marlboro Music Festival 40th Anniversary (1984, 1990)
  • Brasileirinho (Paula Robison, 1993)

ArrangerEdit

Major arranger credits include:

ConductorEdit

  • Threepenny Opera LP (1976) CD (2004)
  • Timon of Athens, Duke Ellington (1993)

AwardsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Stanley Silverman - Subito Music Corporation". www.subitomusic.com. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  2. ^ Packer, Renee Levine (July 23, 2010). This Life of Sounds: Evenings for New Music in Buffalo. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199781539.
  3. ^ Foley, Helene P. (October 1, 2012). Reimagining Greek Tragedy on the American Stage. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520953659.
  4. ^ Holland, Bernard (October 2, 1981). "ARTHUR MILLER PLAY SET TO STANLEY SILVERMAN MUSIC RESURFACES". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  5. ^ "(L-R) Playwright Arthur Miller and composer Stanley Silverman in a rehearsal shot from the Off-Broadway musical "Up From Paradise." (New York)". NYPL Digital Collections. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "The Music Man About Town". Washington Post. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  7. ^ www.t75.org. "IndieLondon: Celebrating Silverman - London Hippodrome - Your London Reviews". www.indielondon.co.uk. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 12, 2015. Retrieved October 13, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Stanley Silverman | Guggenheim Fellowships". ZoomInfo.com. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  10. ^ Kozinn, Allan. "At Tanglewood: Michael Tilson Thomas's Life in Pictures". ArtsBeat. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  11. ^ "Rendezvous with Tashi (Musical CD, 1989)". [WorldCat.org]. March 10, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  12. ^ Woolfe, Zachary (September 15, 2011). "Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio With Sting - Review". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  13. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 2, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ a b "Grammy Award Nominees 1978 - Grammy Award Winners 1978". www.awardsandshows.com. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  15. ^ "Stanley Silverman". NYPL Digital Collections. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  16. ^ a b c d "Stanley Silverman". Stanley Silverman. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  17. ^ "Greater Boston Youth Symphony Orchestra 1962 (Musical LP, 1962)". [WorldCat.org]. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  18. ^ "Stanley Silverman - Short Biography - Music Sales Classical". www.musicsalesclassical.com. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  19. ^ "DRAM: Stanley Silverman". www.dramonline.org. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  20. ^ "From the stages of Stratford, a father and son find the American Dream". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  21. ^ "Stanley Silverman". Stanley Silverman. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
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  23. ^ "Flashback Friday: Celebrating Stanley Silverman". Facebook. June 21, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  24. ^ Feingold, Michael (November 7, 2000). "Lyn Austin (1922–2000)". Village Voice. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  25. ^ "Arthur Miller Returns to Genesis for First Musical". partners.nytimes.com. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  26. ^ "Up From Paradise - New Wimbledon Studio Theatre - ATG Tickets". www.atgtickets.com. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  27. ^ Rich, Alan "Theater review: Threepenny Opera", New York Magazine, New York, 17 May 1976.
  28. ^ "New York News, Food, Culture and Events". Village Voice. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  29. ^ Henahan, Donal (March 24, 1983). "OPERA: VIRGIL THOMPSON 'THE MOTHER OF US ALL'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  30. ^ Gussow, Mel (December 17, 1986). "STAGE: 'BLACK SEA FOLLIES,' A MUSIC-THEATER PIECE". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  31. ^ LLC, New York Media (January 12, 1987). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC.
  32. ^ "Stanley Silverman, Consultant". ProductionBeast. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  33. ^ "CRITIC'S CHOICE 2016: Julian Eaves". britishtheatre.com. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
  34. ^ http://britishtheatre.com/review-hotel-for-criminals-new-wimbledon-studio/
  35. ^ http://www.thegizzlereview.com/
  36. ^ https://www.thestage.co.uk/reviews/2016/hotel-for-criminals-review-at-new-wimbeldon-theatre/
  37. ^ http://everything-theatre.co.uk/2016/10/hotel-for-criminals-new-wimbledon-studio-review.html
  38. ^ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-37953043
  39. ^ "Scene from Stanley Silverman's opera Elephant Steps performed by TMC students in the Theatre Concert Hall at Tanglewood, ca. 1968. :: Images". Cdm15982.contentdm.oclc.org. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  40. ^ "Elephant Steps - A Fearful Radio Show". Masterworks Broadway North America Store (in Spanish). Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  41. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: S". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 12, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
  42. ^ "Ontological-Hysteric Theater". www.ontological.com. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  43. ^ LLC, New York Media (April 22, 1974). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC.
  44. ^ Salzman, Eric; Desi, Thomas (November 6, 2008). The New Music Theater: Seeing the Voice, Hearing the Body. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199723218.
  45. ^ ATGTickets (August 5, 2014), 5 Questions For... Stanley Silverman 2014 - ATG Tickets, retrieved May 14, 2016
  46. ^ "Stanley Silverman". stanleysilverman. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  47. ^ https://www.stratfordfestival.ca/WhatsOn/WhatsOn/PlaysAndEvents/TheForum/Stanley-Silverman-Concert
  48. ^ TV.com. "Ben Silverman". TV.com. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  49. ^ Louie, Elaine (September 7, 2000). "CURRENTS: STATIONERY; Have Your Mommy Call My Mommy". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  50. ^ "Martha Caplin – Orpheus Chamber Orchestra". orpheusnyc.org. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  51. ^ [2][dead link]
  52. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 8, 2015. Retrieved October 13, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit