Open main menu
Stanisław Orzechowski

Stanisław Orzechowski,[1] also Stanislas Orzechowski and Stanislaus Orzechowski (1513–1566) was a Ruthenian and Polish political writer. The son of a Catholic father and an Orthodox mother,[2] he was a strict Roman Catholic for much of his life but at one stage, probably the 1540s, he appeared to have turned to Protestantism, which he later detracted from.[3] He was highly critical of Protestant reformer Francesco Stancaro and authored a critique of him in around 1550, by which time he had turned his back on the Protestants.[3] He is considered to be an early champion of Polish nationalism and in his writings often defended the Golden Liberty and privileges of the Polish nobility.[4][5]


  1. ^ Norman Davies (24 February 2005). God's Playground A History of Poland: Volume 1: The Origins to 1795. Oxford University Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-19-925339-5. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  2. ^ Hryniewicz, Wacław (1 October 2006). The Challenge of Our Hope: Christian Faith in Dialogue. CRVP. p. 213. ISBN 978-1-56518-237-0. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  3. ^ a b Barbara Sher Tinsley (2001). Pierre Bayle's Reformation: Conscience and Criticism on the Eve of the Enlightenment. Susquehanna University Press. pp. 286–8. ISBN 978-1-57591-043-7. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
  4. ^ Oskar Halecki; W: F. Reddaway; J. H. Penson. The Cambridge History of Poland. CUP Archive. p. 278. ISBN 978-1-00-128802-4. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
  5. ^ Dvornik, Francis (1 May 1962). The Slavs in European History and Civilization. Rutgers University Press. p. 323. ISBN 978-0-8135-0799-6. Retrieved 12 September 2012.

Further readingEdit

  • Hanna Świderska (1960). Stanisław Orzechowski (1513–1566). University of Oxford. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  • Попель, Р. І. Феномен двайной палітычнай свядомасці на прыкладзе гістарычнай спадчыны Станіслава Арыхоўскага-Раксалана / Р. І. Попель // Роль личности в истории: реальность и проблемы изучения: науч. сб. (по материалам 1-й Международной научно-практической Интернет-конференции) / редкол. В. Н. Сидорцов (отв. ред.) [и др.]. — Минск : БГУ, 2011. — С. 15–18. У Электроннай бібліятэцы БДУ