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St. James (provincial electoral district)

St. James is a provincial electoral division in the Canadian province of Manitoba.

St. James
Manitoba electoral district
StJamesED2011.jpg
Provincial electoral district
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Manitoba
MLA
 
 
 
Adrien Sala
New Democratic
District created1957
First contested1958
Last contested2016
Demographics
Census subdivisionsWinnipeg

Historical ridingEdit

The original St. James riding was established at the province's creation in 1870, and lasted until the election of 1879. It was located in what was then a separate community on Winnipeg's periphery.

List of provincial representativesEdit

Name Party Took Office Left Office
Edwin Bourke Canadian Party/Opposition 1870 1874
Independent 1874 1878
David Walker Government/Conservative 1878 1879

Modern ridingEdit

The modern St. James riding was created by redistribution in 1957 out of part of Assiniboia, and has formally existed since the provincial election of 1958. The riding is located in the western section of Winnipeg.

St. James is bordered on the east by Wellington, Minto and Wolseley, to the south by Tuxedo, to the north by Wellington and Lakeside, and to the west by Assiniboia and Kirkfield Park.

The riding's population in 1996 was 20,417. In 1999, the average family income was $47,842, and the unemployment rate was 6.20%. Almost 19% of St. James's population is over 65 years of age, and almost 38% of dwelling units are rented.

The service sector accounts for 15% of St. James's industry, following by government services (14%) and manufacturing (13%).

St. James was a marginal Progressive Conservative/NDP riding for most of its history to 1988. It was won in that year by Liberal Paul Edwards, who was elected leader of his party in 1993. The NDP recaptured the seat in 1995.

Recent boundary changesEdit

The St. James riding underwent a dramatic redistribution in 1999. Previously, the riding occupied roughly the same space as the current riding of Minto. In fact, the original plan of the Manitoba Electoral Boundaries Commission in 1999 was to rename St. James as Minto, and create a new riding called King Edward to its immediate west (primarily from the old riding of Sturgeon Creek). Instead, the boundaries legislation passed by the Manitoba legislature in 1999 determined that the new riding would be called St. James.

Although the current riding has some territory in common with its predecessor of the same name, it is probably more accurately regarded as the successor riding to Sturgeon Creek. The NDP captured this seat from the Tories in 1999, and retained it in 2003.

List of provincial representativesEdit

Name Party Took Office Left Office
Douglas Stanes PC 1958 1969
Alvin Mackling NDP 1969 1973
George Minaker PC 1973 1981
Alvin Mackling NDP 1981 1988
Paul Edwards Lib 1988 1995
MaryAnn Mihychuk NDP 1995 1999
Bonnie Korzeniowski NDP 1999 2011
Deanne Crothers NDP 2011 2016
Scott Johnston PC 2016 2019
Adrien Sala NDP 2019

Electoral resultsEdit

2019 Manitoba general election
** Preliminary results — Not yet official **
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Adrien Sala 4,009 46.91 +12.3
Progressive Conservative Michelle Richards 2,767 32.38 -6.1
Liberal Bernd Hohne 965 11.29 -2.5
Green Jeff Buhse 805 9.42 -0.6
Total valid votes 8,546 100.0  
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 57.2
Eligible voters
New Democratic gain from Progressive Conservative Swing +9.2
2016 provincial election redistributed results[1]
Party %
  Progressive Conservative 38.5
  New Democratic 34.6
  Liberal 13.8
  Green 10.0
  Others 3.2
2016 Manitoba general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Progressive Conservative Scott Johnston 3,532 42.09 +3.76 $32,538.01
New Democratic Deanne Crothers 2,723 32.45 -17.31 $38,621.27
Liberal Michelle Finley 1,150 13.70 +6.01 $12,111.25
Green Jeff Buhse 850 10.13 +5.90 $676.87
Manitoba Bradley Gross 137 1.63 $0.00
Total valid votes 8,392 98.97
Total rejected ballots 87 1.03 +0.75
Turnout 8,479 61.94 -0.08
Eligible voters 13,689
Progressive Conservative gain from New Democratic Swing +10.53
Source: Elections Manitoba[2][3][4]
2011 Manitoba general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
New Democratic Deanne Crothers 4,432 49.61 −6.04 $25,563.25
     Progressive Conservative Scott Gillingham 3,414 38.21 +7.38 $31,468.19
Liberal Gerard Allard 685 7.67 −0.96 $5,903.97
Green Trevor Vandale 377 4.22 $205.40
Total valid votes 8,908
Rejected and declined ballots 25
Turnout 8,933 62.02 +2.82
Electors on the lists 14,403
2007 Manitoba general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
New Democratic Bonnie Korzeniowski 4,231 55.65 +1.97 $16,378.94
     Progressive Conservative Kristine McGhee 2,344 30.83 -2.51 $27,110.14
Liberal Fred Morris 656 8.63 -4.35 $1,535.39
Green Mike Johannson 339 4.47 $0.00
Total valid votes 7,572 99.59
Rejected and declined ballots 31
Turnout 7,603 59.20
Electors on the lists 12,842

[5]

2003 Manitoba general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
New Democratic Bonnie Korzeniowski 3,982 53.68 +8.92 $21,389.61
  Progressive Conservative Cliff Allbutt 2,473 33.34 -5.05 $15,753.00
Liberal Alana McKenzie 963 12.98 -3.25 $33,210.99
Source: Elections Manitoba[6][7]
1999 Manitoba general election
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
New Democratic Bonnie Korzeniowski 4,483 44.76 +14.06 $27,649.00
     Progressive Conservative Gerry McAlpine 3,845 38.39 +2.76 $28,652.89
Liberal Wayne Helgason 1,625 16.23 -17.44 $29,766.43
Total valid votes 9,953 100.00
Rejected and declined ballots 62
Turnout 10,015 72.01
Electors on the lists 13,098

[8]

1990 Manitoba general election: St. James
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Paul Edwards 3,014 35.09 -5.05
Progressive Conservative Joanne Thibault 2,719 31.66 -2.58
New Democratic Len Sawatsky 2,586 30.11 +7.98
Progressive Charles Lamont 148 1.72 +0.97
Confederation of Regions Fred Debrecen 122 1.42 -0.02
Total valid votes 8,589 100.00 -
Rejected ballots 22
Turnout 8,611 73.37
Eligible voters 11,737
Source: Elections Manitoba[9]
1988 Manitoba general election: St. James
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Paul Edwards 3,939 40.14
Progressive Conservative Jae Eadie 3,360 34.24
New Democratic Allan MacDonald 2,171 22.13
Confederation of Regions Fred Debrecen 137 1.40
Progressive Charles Lamont 74 0.75
Libertarian Dennis Rice 69 0.70
Western Independence Merle Hartlin 62 0.63
Total valid votes 9,812 100.00
Rejected ballots 29
Turnout 9,841 78.54
Eligible voters 12,530
Source: Elections Manitoba[10]

Previous boundariesEdit

 
The 1999-2011 boundaries for St. James highlighted in red

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Marcoux, Jacques (2019-08-27). "New Manitoba election boundaries give upper hand to Progressive Conservatives, CBC News analysis finds". CBC. Retrieved 2019-09-15.
  2. ^ "Candidates: 41st General Election". Elections Manitoba. 29 March 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  3. ^ "41ST GENERAL ELECTION, APRIL 19, 2016 - OFFICIAL RESULTS". Elections Manitoba. 19 April 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Election Returns: 41st General Election". Elections Manitoba. 2016. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  5. ^ http://www.electionsmanitoba.ca/en/Results/39_division_results/39_stjames_summary_results.html - 2007 results
  6. ^ "Election Returns: 38th General Election". Elections Manitoba. 2011. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  7. ^ http://www.elections.mb.ca/en/Results/38_division_results/38_st-james_summary_results.html
  8. ^ http://www.electionsmanitoba.ca/apps/results/37gen/pbp.asp?ED=43 - 1999
  9. ^ "Candidates: 35th General Election" (PDF). Elections Manitoba. September 11, 1990. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Candidates: 34th General Election" (PDF). Elections Manitoba. April 26, 1988. Retrieved 30 September 2018.

Coordinates: 49°53′56″N 97°12′32″W / 49.899°N 97.209°W / 49.899; -97.209